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Yamunotri Temple

Coordinates: 31°1′0.12″N 78°27′0″E / 31.0167000°N 78.45000°E / 31.0167000; 78.45000
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Yamunotri Temple
Yamunotri temple and ashrams
DeityGoddess Yamuna
Country India
Yamunotri Temple is located in Uttarakhand
Yamunotri Temple
Location in Uttarakhand
Yamunotri Temple is located in India
Yamunotri Temple
Location in India
Geographic coordinates31°1′0.12″N 78°27′0″E / 31.0167000°N 78.45000°E / 31.0167000; 78.45000
CreatorMaharaja Pratap Shah of Tehri Garhwal
Completed19th century
Elevation3,291 m (10,797 ft)

Yamunotri Temple is a Hindu temple, situated in the western region of Garhwal Himalayas at an altitude of 3,291 metres (10,797 ft) in Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand, India.[1] It's just 129 km from Uttarkashi, the main district headquarters. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Yamuna, and has a black marble idol of the goddess.[2] The Yamunotri temple is a full day's journey from Uttarakhand's main towns — Uttarkashi, Rishikesh, Haridwar or Dehradun.

The actual temple is only accessible by a 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) trek from the town of Hanuman Chatti and a 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) walk from Janki Chatti; horses or palanquins are available for rent. The hike from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri takes in views of a number of waterfalls. There are two trekking routes from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri; the one along the right bank proceeds via the Markandeya Tirth, where the sage Markandeya wrote the Markandeya Purana. The other route–which lies on the left bank of the river–goes via Kharsali, from where Yamunotri is a five or six hours climb.[3]



Yamunotri temple has a shrine dedicated to the goddess Yamuna.[4] The temple has been destroyed twice by snow and floods before being rebuilt.[2][5] It is located on the backdrop of Bandarpunch.[6] The temple is part of the revered Char Dham pilgrimage circuit.[7]

Temple and vicinity


The temple opens on Akshaya Tritiya (May)[8] and closes on Yama Dwitiya (the second day after Diwali, November) for the winter.[9] A little ahead is the actual source of the river Yamuna, which is at an altitude of about 4,421 metres (14,505 ft) approximately. Two hot springs are also present at Yamunotri, offering relief to tired hikers at a height of 3,292 metres (10,801 ft). Surya Kund has boiling hot water, while Gauri Kund has tepid water suitable for bathing [3] The spring water is said to be hot enough to cook rice and potatoes.[10] Lodging at the temple itself is limited to a few small ashrams and guest-houses. Ritual duties, such as the making and distribution of prasad (sanctified offerings) and the supervision of pujas (ritual venerations), are performed by the Uniyal family of pujaris (priests). Unique aspects of ritual practice at the site include hot springs, where raw rice is cooked and made into prasad.


  1. ^ Roma Bradnock, Robert Bradnock (2001). Indian Himalaya handbook: the travel guide. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 111. ISBN 1900949792.
  2. ^ a b Kapoor, Subodh (2002). The Indian encyclopaedia: biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific. (Volume 5). Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 1397. ISBN 8177552570.
  3. ^ a b Yamunotri Temple Uttarkashi district website.
  4. ^ Rana, J. P. Singh (1997). Himalayan Heritage. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 4. ISBN 978-81-7533-026-9.
  5. ^ Nair, Shantha N. (2007). The Holy Himalayas. Pustak Mahal. p. 75. ISBN 978-8122309676.
  6. ^ Tyagi, Nutan (1991). Hill resorts of U.P. Himalaya,: a geographical study. Indus Publishing. pp. 31. ISBN 8185182620.
  7. ^ Bandopadhyay, Manohar (2010). Tourist destinations in India. Pinnacle Technology. p. 138. ISBN 978-9380944005.
  8. ^ "Garhwal's Himalayan yatra". The Times of India. 14 June 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Kedarnath, Yamunotri shrines closed for winter". The Hindu. 30 October 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  10. ^ Pushpendra K. Agarwal, Vijay P. Singh, Sharad Kumar Jain (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. Springer. p. 344. ISBN 978-1402051791.

11. Yamunotri Temple History In Hindi