Yanıkhan

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Yanıkhan
Yanıkhan.jpg
Basilica in Yanıkhan
Yanıkhan is located in Turkey
Yanıkhan
Shown within Turkey
LocationErdemli, Mersin Province, Turkey
RegionMediterranean Region
Coordinates36°35′N 34°12′E / 36.583°N 34.200°E / 36.583; 34.200Coordinates: 36°35′N 34°12′E / 36.583°N 34.200°E / 36.583; 34.200
TypeSettlement
History
PeriodsByzantine Empire

Yanıkhan is an archaeological site in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Geography[edit]

Yanıkhan is situated in the rural area of Erdemli district which is rich in archaeological ruins. It is about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northwest of Limonlu town. It is to the east of Limonlu-Esenpınar road and west of Limonlu River at about 36°35′N 34°12′E / 36.583°N 34.200°E / 36.583; 34.200. Its distance to Erdemli is 18 kilometres (11 mi) and to Mersin is 54 kilometres (34 mi).

History[edit]

The original name of the site is not known. But according to archaeological evidence it is a 5th and 6th century Byzantine site.[1] First reference to its existence was by Professor Michael Gough in 1959.[2]

Archaeology[edit]

Yanıkhan was a village. There are more than 30 house ruins. The most important building is a basilica. Although the houses are completely demolished a part of the basilica survives. In addition to main abscissa there are two minor abscissas. There are two sarcophagi. One may be an arcosolium which may belong to a certain Georgios Konon Chrisyophoros who, according to an inscription, was the commissioner of the basilica. . There is also a cistern to the west of the basilica.[3] 100 metres (330 ft) to the east of the basilica there is another church (called Church B by the archaeologists).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwards, Robert W., "Yanikhan" (2016). The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, ed., Paul Corby Finney. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 731. ISBN 978-0-8028-9017-7.
  2. ^ Anatolian Studies
  3. ^ Mersin Valiliği: Mersin Ören yerleri, Kaleleri, Müzeleri, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 978-605-4196-07-4, p 169