Yan (An–Shi)

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CapitalLuoyang (756–757)
Yecheng (757–759)
Fanyang (759)
Luoyang (759–762)
Common languagesChinese
Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion
• 756–757
An Lushan, 1st
• 757–759
An Qingxu, 2nd
• 759–761
Shi Siming, 3rd
• 761–763
Shi Chaoyi, 4th
Historical eraAn Lushan Rebellion
• An Lushan's self-declaration as emperor
February 5 756
• Shi Chaoyi's suicide
CurrencyChinese coin, Chinese cash
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
Today part ofChina

Yan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yān), also known as the Great Yan (Chinese: 大燕; pinyin: Dà Yān), was a dynastic state of China established in 756 by the former Tang general An Lushan, after he rebelled against the Emperor Xuanzong of Tang in 755. The state was extinguished in 763, with the death of An Lushan's former subordinate, Shi Siming's son, Shi Chaoyi, who was the last person to claim the title as Yan's emperor.

Map showing the An Lushan Rebellion

Rulers of Yan[edit]

Temple name Posthumous name Personal name Duration of reign Era name
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
Former Yan (前燕)
None Guanglie (光烈, Guāngliè) An Lushan 756–757 Shengwu (聖武, Shèngwǔ)
None La (, ) An Qingxu 757–759 Tiancheng (天成, Tiānchéng)
Later Yan (後燕)
None Zhaowu (昭武, Zhāowǔ) Shi Siming 759–761 Shuntian (順天, Shùntiān) 759–761
Yingtian (應天, Yìngtiān) 761
None None Shi Chaoyi 761–763 Xiansheng (顯聖, Xiǎnshèng)

See also[edit]