Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu

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Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu
Yotsu-hanabishi or
Yanagisawa's Hanabishi,
the emblem of the Yanagisawa clan

Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu (Japanese: 柳沢 吉保, December 31, 1658 – December 8, 1714) was a Japanese samurai of the Edo period. He was an official in the Tokugawa shogunate and he was a favorite of the fifth shogun, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi.[1]

Career[edit]

He served Tsunayoshi from an early age, becoming his wakashū and eventually rose to the position of soba yōnin.[citation needed] He was the daimyō of the Kawagoe han, and later of the Kōfu han; he retired in 1709.[citation needed] Having previously been named Yasuakira, he received a kanji from the name of the shogun, and came to call himself Yoshiyasu.[citation needed] He built Rikugien Garden, a traditional Japanese garden, in 1695. He had an adopted son named Yanagisawa Yoshisato by Tokugawa Tsunayoshi with Yoshiyasu's concibune, Sumeko.[clarification needed]

Yanagisawa played a pivotal role in the matter of the forty-seven rōnin.[citation needed]

Cultural references[edit]

Yanagisawa appears as a character in most of the novels by American mystery writer Laura Joh Rowland set in Genroku-era Japan as the antagonist to the books' main character Sano Ichiro.[citation needed] Rowland's chronology differs from history by having Yanagisawa exiled in disgrace in 1694 and being replaced by Sano as Tsunayoshi's chief advisor, only to return from exile later in the series.[citation needed] Other details of Yanagisawa's life, however, are portrayed fairly accurately, including his relationship to the shogun.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1048, p. 1048, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.

References[edit]

Preceded by
Matsudaira Nobuteru
1st Lord of Kawagoe
(Yanagisawa)

1694–1704
Succeeded by
Akimoto Takatomo
Preceded by
Tokugawa Tsunatoyo
1st Lord of Kōfu
(Yanagisawa)

1704–1709
Succeeded by
Yanagisawa Yoshisato