Yanchep National Park

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Yanchep National Park
Western Australia
IUCN category II (national park)
Loch McNess 1 Yanchep NP X-2009.jpeg
Yanchep National Park is located in Western Australia
Yanchep National Park
Yanchep National Park
Nearest town or city Perth
Coordinates 31°33′38″S 115°41′27″E / 31.56056°S 115.69083°E / -31.56056; 115.69083Coordinates: 31°33′38″S 115°41′27″E / 31.56056°S 115.69083°E / -31.56056; 115.69083
Established 1957
Area 28.76 km2 (11.1 sq mi)[1]
Managing authorities Department of Parks and Wildlife
Website Yanchep National Park
See also List of protected areas of
Western Australia

Yanchep is a national park in Western Australia, 42 kilometres (26 mi) north of Perth. The park is noted for its caves, native bush and koala colonies. It also offers cultural educational programmes offered in partnership with the local Nyoongar aboriginal people.

History[edit]

The area was inhabited and was a noted hunting site for thousands of years by Indigenous Australians prior to the arrival of Europeans. The tribal name for the park is Nyanyi-Yandjip named after the reeds and lake which were thought to resemble the hairy mane of the dreamtime creature the Waugul.

The word Yanchep is derived from Yandjip or Yanget which is the aboriginal name for the local bulrush reed found fringing the lakes in the area.[2]

The first European visitor arrived in 1834 when John Butler, a farmer, came in search of his lost cattle and noted the presence of the lakes, wetlands and plentiful game.[3] While in the area Butler was greeted by the men of the Yellagonga peoples who inhabited the area. Lieutenant George Grey travelled through the area in 1838 and made note of the remarkable caves he found in the area.[4]

Surveyor John Septimus Roe and Governor John Hutt visited the caves in the park in 1841.

A road survey was conducted near Loch McNess in 1862 and later in 1865 a stock route was built through the area that was later used by drovers.

The first settler to arrive in the area was Henry White who arrived in 1901 and built his house near the north west shore of Yonderup Lake, he was later appointed as a caretaker and guide in 1903.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Wildflowers in September

The park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Trees such as banksias, paperbark, tuart, marri, she-oak and stunted jarrah are found in the woodland areas. Wildflowers including parrot bush, yanchep rose, catspaw and kangaroo paw are also found.[5]

The park provides habitat for several species of native mammal, including the quenda, western grey kangaroo and black-glove wallaby. It lies within the Northern Swan Coastal Plain Important Bird Area, so identified by BirdLife International because of its importance in supporting several thousand short-billed black cockatoos during the non-breeding season.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Department of Environment and Conservation 2009–2010 Annual Report". Department of Environment and Conservation. 2010: 48. ISSN 1835-114X. 
  2. ^ "Philosophy of National Parks" (PDF). Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Yanchep National Park Management Plan 1989-1999" (PDF). Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "City of Wanneroo -A brief history". Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Western Australia - Yanchep National Park". Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  6. ^ BirdLife International (2011) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Northern Swan Coastal Plain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 3 September 2011.

External links[edit]