Yandex Browser

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Yandex Browser
Yandex.Browser icon.svg
Initial release1 October 2012; 8 years ago (2012-10-01)
Stable release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS

21.3.1 (April 8, 2021; 6 days ago (2021-04-08)[1])

iOS (January 18, 2021; 2 months ago (2021-01-18)[2])

Android (January 14, 2021; 3 months ago (2021-01-14)[3]) [±]
Preview release(s) [±]
Written inC++, JavaScript
Operating system[4]
PlatformARM, IA-32, x86-64
Size60 880 KB
Available in14 languages
List of languages
English, Czech, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Portuguese, Russian, Simplified Chinese, Spanish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek.
TypeWeb browser

Yandex Browser (Russian: Яндекс.Браузер) is a freeware web browser[5] developed by the Russian web search corporation Yandex that uses the Blink web browser engine and is based on the Chromium open source project.[6] The browser checks webpage security with the Yandex security system and checks downloaded files with Kaspersky anti-virus.[6][7] The browser also uses Opera Software's Turbo technology to speed web browsing on slow connections.[8]

The browser is available for Windows, macOS, Android and iOS. In October 2014 a Linux beta version was introduced.[9]

Yandex is facing web search competition in Russia from Google Search.[10] Google Chrome, Russia's most popular web browser, uses Google Search as its default search engine. In June 2012, Mozilla Firefox, the world's third most popular web browser, signed a deal to replace its default search engine Yandex Search with Google Search.[10] As Yandex Browser's "Smartbox" uses Yandex Search as its default search engine, the browser will help Yandex compete for Russian search market share.[11]

Distinguishing features[edit]

Distinguishing features of the Yandex Browser include the following:

  • Different "new tab" screen with a Windows 8-style interface and specialized widgets for popular services (e.g., the gmail widget shows number of unread messages).[12]
  • Integrated keyboard layout switcher in omnibox: e.g., if a user often uses and starts typing "пьф" ("gma" with Russian keyboard layout) and presses Enter, the user will then be taken to and not to the search page for "пьф" (as is the case in Chrome, for example).[12]
  • Accept browser extensions from the Opera add-ons website.[13]


DNS spoofing protection[edit]

Protect active security technology scans files and website for viruses, blocks fraudulent webpages, protects passwords and bank card details, and keeps online payments safe from theft.[14][15]


The world's first browser with support for DNSCrypt technology.[16] Encrypts Domain Name System (DNS) traffic. For example, it protects from a trojan DNSChanger, a tracking Internet provider, or hackers. This option must be enabled in the browser settings.[15]

Protecting Wi-Fi[edit]

When connecting to open Wi-Fi networks or to the points that use a weak WEP-defense, Yandex Browser automatically encrypts traffic between it and the HTTP sites.[17]


According to Douglas J. Leith, a computer science professor at Trinity College, Yandex sends a hashed hardware identifier and sends a request to a back end server for every letter typed in the address bar, as well as a copy of every URL visited.[18]


Yandex was created by Ilya Segalovich and Arkady Volozh while working for Arcadia in 1993. It was named Yandex as an abbreviation for Yet Another Indexer. They named it Яndex, using Я as a shortened version of Ya. Yandex was unveiled on September 23, 1997. At that point it had indexed the entirety of the Russian internet. The following year, Yandex began showing advertisements. Their first advertisement said, "Ваша киска купила бы Cisco," meaning, "Your kitty would buy Cisco." In the year 2000, Yandex was registered as a company. Volozh became the CEO. In 2001, Yandex started to place advertisements directly into pages themselves. 2500 advertisers joined. A year later, the company became profitable. That same year, Yandex.Images and Yandex.Market started. Later that year, (a payment system) started jointly with the PayCash group. In 2003, Yandex started issuing dividends. That year, they issued $100,000 of dividends. Yandex also changed their advertisement system to a pay-per-click model. In 2004, Yandex.maps started. They had detailed maps of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Kyiv. It could not be used to search for addresses, just establishments. That year, Yandex created a separate search engine for blogs, that no longer exists. [19]

Market share[edit]

According to LiveInternet [ru] analytics, Yandex Browser reached 2.3% market share in Russia two months after its release.[20] As of February 2021, Yandex Browser reached 12.5% in Russia.[21]


  1. ^ "Download Yandex Browser". Yandex. April 8, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  2. ^ "Yandex Browser on the App Store". App Store. January 18, 2021. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  3. ^ "Yandex Browser with Protect". Google Play Store. January 14, 2021. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  4. ^ System requirements
  5. ^ a b ""Yandex" Browser Software License Agreement". Yandex. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  6. ^ a b Lunden, Ingrid (October 1, 2012). "Yandex Gives Google A One-Two Punch In Russia: A New Browser And App Store For The Local Search Giant". TechCrunch. AOL Inc. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  7. ^ "Reliable protection from viruses". Yandex. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  8. ^ "Yandex launches its own browser targeting Russian market". Engadget. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  9. ^ Sneddon, Joey (October 31, 2014). "Russia's 'Yandex Browser' Launches First Linux Beta, Is No Chrome Clone". OMG! Ubuntu!. Ohso Ltd. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  10. ^ a b "New Yandex browser escalates Russia's search-engine wars". Net Prophet. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
  11. ^ "Yandex Starts Own Internet Browser to Challenge Google". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  12. ^ a b Sørensen, Sven. "Yandex.Browser Review". Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  13. ^ "Extensions". Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  14. ^ "Protect: безопасность в интернете – Браузер (классический интерфейс) – Яндекс.Помощь". Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Yandex – Company blog – Yandex Browser Pioneers Built-in DNS Security". Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  16. ^ "Темы – Блог Яндекс.Браузера". Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  17. ^ "Protect: защита соединений Wi-Fi – Браузер (классический интерфейс) – Яндекс.Помощь". Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  18. ^ Tim Anderson. "If you're serious about browser privacy, you should probably pass on Edge or Yandex, claims Dublin professor". Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  19. ^ "Yandex — History — History of Yandex". Yandex. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  20. ^ " analytics".
  21. ^ "Browser Market Share Russian Federation". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved March 16, 2021.

External links[edit]