Yang Chun

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Yang Chun
Water Margin character
First appearance Chapter 2
Nickname "White Flower Serpent"
Rank 73rd, Latent Star (地隱星) of the 72 Earthly Fiends
Tiger Cub Scouting General of Liangshan
Origin Bandit leader from Mount Shaohua
Ancestral home / Place of origin Jieliang, Puzhou (present-day Jiezhou Town, Yanhu District, Yuncheng, Shanxi)
Weapon Saber
Simplified Chinese 杨春
Traditional Chinese 楊春
Pinyin Yáng Chūn
Wade–Giles Yang Ch'un

Yang Chun is a fictional character in Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. He ranks 73rd of the 108 Liangshan heroes and 37th of the 72 Earthly Fiends. He is nicknamed "White Flower Serpent".


Yang Chun is from Jieliang (解良), Puzhou (蒲州), which is in present-day Jiezhou Town, Yanhu District, Yuncheng, Shanxi. The novel describes him as a man with a lean build and long skinny arms. Despite his appearance, Yang Chun possesses great strength and excels in martial arts. He wields a long saber in combat. He is nicknamed "White Flower Serpent".

Together with his companions Zhu Wu and Chen Da, Yang Chun leads an outlaw band based on Mount Shaohua (少華山; southeast of present-day Hua County, Weinan, Shaanxi). The local government in the nearby Huayin County is afraid of them. Once, when the stronghold lacks provisions, the outlaws decide to raid and loot Huayin County for supplies and are due to pass by Shi Jin's village along the way. Zhu Wu has reservations about the attack because he has heard of Shi Jin's reputation as a powerful fighter and he fears that he might stand in their way. Chen Da ignores Zhu Wu's warning and leads his men to attack Shi Jin's village, but ends up being defeated and captured by Shi.

Zhu Wu and Yang Chun travel to Shi Jin's village and plead with him to release Chen Da. Deeply moved by their strong sense of brotherhood, Shi Jin releases Chen Da and befriends the three outlaw chiefs. They often visit and send gifts to each other. The hunter Li Ji discovers Shi Jin's relationship with the outlaws and reports them to the magistrate for a reward. The magistrate sends soldiers to surround the village and arrest the four men. Shi Jin burns down his village and joins the three outlaws in fighting their way back to Mount Shaohua.

Joining Liangshan[edit]

Later, Lu Zhishen goes to invite the four outlaws to join the band at Liangshan Marsh. He learns that Shi Jin has been captured by Prefect He and attempts to rescue Shi but fails and he is captured as well. Zhu Wu notifies the Liangshan outlaws, who come to the rescue. After the victory, Zhu Wu, Chen Da and Yang Chun follow the outlaws back to Liangshan.

Yang Chun becomes one of the leaders of the Liangshan cavalry after the Grand Assembly. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by Emperor Huizong. During the campaign against the rebel leader Fang La, Yang Chun, Shi Jin and four other Liangshan heroes are assigned to attack the enemy-controlled Yuling Pass (昱嶺關; near present-day Zhupu Village, She County, Huangshan City, Anhui). Shi Jin is slain by Fang La's general Pang Wanchun while Yang Chun and the others are killed by Pang's archers.