Yangbajing Tunnel

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The Yangbajing Tunnel is the longest tunnel, some 3,345 metres long, of the Qinghai–Tibet Railway which links Xining with Lhasa across the high Tibetan Plateau of north-east China.[1][2][3] It is 4,264 metres above sea level and located 80 kilometres NW of the Tibetan regional capital, Lhasa. It is longest tunnel on the line from Goldmod to Lhasa, and part of one of the highest railways in the world,[4] The highest rail tunnel in the world is the 1,338 m Fenghuoshan tunnel which is situated at 4,905 m above sea level, and called "the nearest door to the heaven." This railroad totals a combined length of 160 km of 675 bridges. 550 km is situated on permafrost.[4]

Because of its length and extreme elevation, maintaining air quality, as affected by the specially designed high altitude diesel engines which operate in series, is problematical.[5]


  1. ^ Guardian Research; Lisha, Huang (20 September 2005). "The railway across the roof of the world". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Tibet Train Tour". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Tibet Railway". Tibet Train Travel and Tours. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "The Highest Railways in the World". Retrieved December 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ Sanxiang, Sun; Yunxia, Zhang (10 January 2014). "Monitoring of Harmful Gas for Yangbajing 1# Tunnel in High Altitude Plateau". Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation (ICMTMA), 2014 Sixth International Conference on (Print). Lanzhou, China; Zhangjiajie: IEEE: 410–412. doi:10.1109/ICMTMA.2014.101. ISBN 978-1-4799-3434-8. INSPEC Accession Number 14252420. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 

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Coordinates: 30°02′30″N 90°36′00″E / 30.04167°N 90.60000°E / 30.04167; 90.60000