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A Pipistrellus bat sits on a rock.
A Common pipistrelle, a member of the Yangochiroptera suborder
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Suborder: Yangochiroptera
Koopman, 1984

See text

Yangochiroptera, or Vespertilioniformes, is a suborder of Chiroptera that includes most of the microbat families, except the Rhinopomatidae, Rhinolophidae, Hipposideridae, and Megadermatidae. These other families, plus the megabats, are seen as part of another suborder, the Yinpterochiroptera.

The rationale for the Yangochiroptera taxon is primarily based on molecular genetics data. The Yangochiroptera/ Yinpterochiroptera classification remains a relatively recent proposal, which challenges the traditional view that megabats and microbats form monophyletic groups. Further studies are being conducted, using both molecular and morphological cladistic methodology, to assess the merit of this alternative view of bat evolution.[1]

The term "Yangochiroptera" was apparently proposed in 1984 by Karl F. Koopman.[2]

As an alternative to the subordinal names Yinpterochiroptera and Yangochiroptera, some researchers use the terms Pteropodiformes and Vespertilioniformes.[2][3] Under this new proposed nomenclature, Vespertilioniformes is the suborder that would replace Yangochiroptera.


Suborder Yangochiroptera (Vespertilioniformes)


  1. ^ "Order Chiroptera bats". animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
  2. ^ a b James M. Hutcheon and John A.W. Kirsch (2006). "A moveable face: deconstructing the Microchiroptera and a new classification of extant bats". Acta Chiropterologica. 8: 1–10. doi:10.3161/1733-5329(2006)8[1:AMFDTM]2.0.CO;2.
  3. ^ Eick; Jacobs, DS; Matthee, CA; et al. (2005). "A Nuclear DNA Phylogenetic Perspective on the Evolution of Echolocation and Historical Biogeography of Extant Bats (Chiroptera)". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 22 (9): 1869–86. doi:10.1093/molbev/msi180. PMID 15930153. Following the recommendations of Hutcheon and Kirsch (2004), we refer to the two suborders of chiropterans as ‘Pteropodiformes’ (comprising the Pteropodidae, Rhinolophidae, Hipposideridae, Megadermatidae, and Rhinopomatidae) and ‘Vespertilioniformes’ (remaining microbat families).
  • Teeling, E. C.; Springer, M.; Madsen, O.; Bates, P.; O'Brien, S.; Murphy, W. (2005-01-28). "A Molecular Phylogeny for Bats Illuminates Biogeography and the Fossil Record". Science. 307 (5709): 580–584. doi:10.1126/science.1105113. PMID 15681385.
  • Stanhope, M. J.; Teeling, E. C.; Scally, M.; Kao, D. J.; Romagnoli, M. L.; Springer, M. S. (2000-01-13). "Molecular evidence regarding the origin of echolocation and flight in bats". Nature. 403 (6766): 188–192. doi:10.1038/35003188. PMID 10646602.