Yangon International Airport

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Yangon International Airport
ရန်ကုန်အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာလေဆိပ်
Ygnairport2006.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of the Republic of Union of Myanmar
Operator Yangon Aerodrome Co., Ltd
Serves Yangon
Location Mingaladon 11021, Yangon
Yangon Division, Myanmar
Hub for
Elevation AMSL  ft / 33 m
Coordinates 16°54′26″N 96°07′59″E / 16.90722°N 96.13306°E / 16.90722; 96.13306Coordinates: 16°54′26″N 96°07′59″E / 16.90722°N 96.13306°E / 16.90722; 96.13306
Website www.yangonairport.aero
Map
RGN is located in Myanmar
RGN
RGN
Location of airport in Burma
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03/21 11,201 3,414 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 6,000,000 (Increase)

Yangon International Airport (Burmese: ရန်ကုန်အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာလေဆိပ်; MLCTS: Yan Gon a pyi pyi hsai ya hlay hsate [jàɴɡòʊɴ əpjìpjì sʰàɪɴjà lèzeɪʔ]) (IATA: RGNICAO: VYYY) is the primary and busiest international airport of Myanmar. The airport is located in Mingaladon, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of central Yangon. All ten Myanmar carriers and about 30 international airlines operate at Yangon International Airport. The airport is also colloquially known as Mingaladon Airport due to its location.

History[edit]

The check in desks in Terminal 2

During World War II, the airfield was called RAF Mingaladon and served as an operating base for fighter aircraft such as No. 60 Squadron RAF from February 1941 to February 1942 flying Bristol Blenheim I, No. 67 Squadron RAF from October 1941 to March 1942 flying Brewster F2A Buffalo and Hawker Hurricane IIs, No. 135 Squadron RAF from January–February 1942 flying Hawker Hurricane IIs, No. 681 Squadron RAF from June to September 1945 flying Supermarine Spitfire and the 3rd Squadron, 1st American Volunteer Group (Flying Tigers) of the Chinese Air Force flying Curtiss P-40s. There was also a Communication Flight of the Burma Volunteer Air Force equipped with Tiger Moths and Westland Lysanders and anti-aircraft support for the airfield was provided by members of the 12th Burma Rifles.

Mingaladon was then used by the Japanese, and Japanese bombers based in Bangkok were moved forward to Mingaladon when there was a full moon. The British at the Wireless Experimental Centre in Delhi were breaking BULBUL the IJA air-to-ground code, and could predict Japanese air raids. On one occasion Allied nightfighters got the lot and all night we could hear Mingaladon air base calling for its lost children.[1]

After World War II, Yangon Airport was built on the formerRAF Mingaladon in 1947 by the Calcutta Metropolitan Airports Authority. Once regarded as the best in Southeast Asia and the primary airport serving that region, the airport fell into disrepair and remained that way for decades, as new superhubs like Singapore Changi Airport, Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport and Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta were built and superseded Yangon's facilities.

Airport capacity was boosted to 6 million passengers per year in early 2016. Currently, there are plans to build a completely new and larger airport, Hanthawaddy International Airport, on a much larger site and somewhat away from Yangon.

Modernization[edit]

A modernization program was launched in April 2003 and resulted in a new terminal and an extended 3414 m runway.[2]

Designed by the Airport Development Division of CPG Corporation of Singapore, a new terminal was constructed at a cost of US$13.3 million by Asia World.[3] It can handle 900 arriving and 900 departing passengers simultaneously.[4] The design meets IATA service standards and complies with ICAO safety and security standards at a cost of SG$30 million. Other notable features include:

  • Separate floors for arriving and departing passengers to lessen congestion
  • Automated baggage handling system with an integrated check-in system
  • Four air bridges, capable of handling four Boeing 747s
  • Special lounges for use by government officials and business people
  • A two-story parking garage with spaces for 340 vehicles.

In June 2011, the government announced plans to expand the airport by 40% and increase its capacity from 2.7 million passengers to 3.8 million passengers annually.[5] The airport was already over its annual capacity of 2.7 million passengers, having accepted 3.1 million in 2012[6] and 4 million in 2014.[7] To fulfill this increased demand, new international and domestic terminals are being constructed and are expected to be finished end of 2016. After upgrading, Yangon International Airport will be able to service 6 million passengers annually.[7]

In 2013, a contract worth $150 million was awarded to a consortium led by an affiliate of Asia World to construct a new domestic terminal and expansion of airport apron.[6]

The new international terminal (T1) opened in March 2016, with the previously existing international terminal being designated as T2. The new domestic terminal (T3) opened on December 5, 2016.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

In August 2014, the old domestic terminal was demolished and construction began for the new six-story Terminal 1 which will handle international flights. The opening ceremony was held on March 12, 2016. After the opening of Terminal 1, the airport can handle 6 million passengers annually, as opposed to 2.7 million before.

Terminal 2[edit]

After the opening of Terminal 1, the former International Terminal was renamed "Terminal 2." The building was designed by the CPG Corporation of Singapore and constructed by the Asia World Company costing USD $13.3 million. The terminal can handle 900 arriving passengers and 900 departing passengers at the same time.

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3, which is used for domestic flights, opened on December 5, 2016, replacing the old domestic terminal which was demolished in August 2014.

Guard of Honor Building (VIP Terminal)[edit]

The former VIP terminal was temporarily being used as the domestic terminal, until Terminal 3 was completed. The VIP terminal will be converted to a connector between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Kunming
Air India Delhi, Gaya, Kolkata
Air KBZ Bagan, Chiang Mai, Dawei, Heho, Kalaymyo, Kawthaung, Kyaing Tong, Lashio, Mandalay, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Sittwe, Thandwe
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Asian Wings Airways Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kawthaung, Kyaing Tong, Mandalay, Myeik, Tachilek
Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Haikou[8]
Emirates Dubai–International, Phnom Penh
Golden Myanmar Airlines Bagan, Heho, Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Thandwe
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Mann Yatanarpon Airlines Mandalay, Bagan, Heho, Thandwe, Kengtung, Tachilek, Myitkyina
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
Myanmar Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Guangzhou, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kolkata, Mandalay, Singapore
Myanmar National Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Dawei, Heho, Hong Kong, Kawthaung, Kyaukphyu, Khamti, Kyaing Tong, Loikaw, Lashio, Mandalay, Mawlamyaing, Myeik, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Nyaung U, Pathein, Putao, Singapore, Sittwe, Tachilek, Thandwe
Seasonal Charter: Gaya
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Mae Sot
Qatar Airways Doha
SilkAir Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Vietjet Air Hanoi,[9] Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Yangon Airways Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kyaing Tong, Mandalay, Myeik, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Tachilek

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha[10]

Statistics[edit]

The Courtyard (Terminal 2) seen inside from the airport departure lounge
The departure lounge - Gate 1 (Terminal 2)

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest international flights out of Yangon by flight per weekly[11]
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly)
1 Thailand Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 76
2 Thailand Bangkok-Don Mueang 63
3 Singapore Singapore 55
4 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur–International 31
5 Hong Kong Hong Kong 14
6 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City 12
7 Vietnam Hanoi 12
8 China Kunming 14
9 Thailand Chiang Mai 11
10 China Guangzhou 8
11 India Gaya 8
12 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 7
13 South Korea Seoul-Incheon 7
14 Japan Tokyo–Narita 7
15 Taiwan Taipei-Taoyuan 7
16 Qatar Doha 7

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Yangon International Airport at Wikimedia Commons