Yangon International Airport

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Yangon International Airport
ရန်ကုန်အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာလေဆိပ်
Ygnairport2006.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of the Republic of Union of Myanmar
Operator Yangon Aerodrome Co., Ltd
Serves Yangon
Location Mingaladon 11021, Yangon
Yangon Division, Myanmar
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 109 ft / 33 m
Coordinates 16°54′26″N 96°07′59″E / 16.90722°N 96.13306°E / 16.90722; 96.13306Coordinates: 16°54′26″N 96°07′59″E / 16.90722°N 96.13306°E / 16.90722; 96.13306
Website www.yangonairport.aero
Map
RGN is located in Myanmar
RGN
RGN
Location of airport in Burma
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03/21 11,200 3,414 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 6,000,000 (Increase)

Yangon International Airport (Burmese: ရန်ကုန်အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာလေဆိပ်; MLCTS: Yan Gon a pyi pyi hsai ya hlay hsate [jàɴɡòʊɴ əpjìpjì sʰàɪɴjà lèzeɪʔ]) (IATA: RGNICAO: VYYY), located in Mingaladon, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of downtown Yangon, is the primary and busiest international airport of Myanmar. All ten Burmese carriers and about 30 international airlines operate out of Yangon International.

History[edit]

The check in desks in Terminal 2

During World War II, the airfield was called RAF Mingaladon and served as an operating base for fighter aircraft such as No. 60 Squadron RAF from February 1941 to February 1942 flying Bristol Blenheim I, No. 67 Squadron RAF from October 1941 to March 1942 flying Brewster F2A Buffalo and Hawker Hurricane IIs, No. 135 Squadron RAF from January–February 1942 flying Hawker Hurricane IIs, No. 681 Squadron RAF from June to September 1945 flying Supermarine Spitfire and the 3rd Squadron, 1st American Volunteer Group (Flying Tigers) of the Chinese Air Force flying Curtiss P-40s. There was also a Communication Flight of the Burma Volunteer Air Force equipped with Tiger Moths and Westland Lysanders and anti-aircraft support for the airfield was provided by members of the 12th Burma Rifles. The airport was built on the former World War II airfield RAF Mingaladon in 1947 by the Calcutta Metropolitan Airports Authority. Once regarded as the best in Southeast Asia and the primary airport serving that region, the airport fell into disrepair and remained that way for decades, as new superhubs like Singapore Changi Airport, Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport and Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta were built and superseded Yangon's facilities.

Airport capacity was boosted to 6 million passengers per year in early 2016. Currently, there are plans to build a completely new and larger airport, Hanthawaddy International Airport, on a much larger site and somewhat away from Yangon.

Modernization[edit]

A modernization program was launched in April 2003 and resulted in a new terminal and an extended 11,200-foot (3414 m) runway.[1]

Designed by the Airport Development Division of CPG Corporation of Singapore, a new terminal was constructed at a cost of US$13.3 million by Asia World.[2] It can handle 900 arriving and 900 departing passengers simultaneously.[3] The design meets IATA service standards and complies with ICAO safety and security standards at a cost of SG$30 million. Other notable features include:

  • Separate floors for arriving and departing passengers to lessen congestion
  • Automated baggage handling system with an integrated check-in system
  • Four air bridges, capable of handling four Boeing 747s
  • Special lounges for use by government officials and business people
  • A two-story parking garage with spaces for 340 vehicles.

In June 2011, the government announced plans to expand the airport by 40% and increase its capacity from 2.7 million passengers to 3.8 million passengers annually.[4] The airport was already over its annual capacity of 2.7 million passengers, having accepted 3.1 million in 2012[5] and 4 million in 2014.[6] To fulfill this increased demand, new international and domestic terminals are being constructed and are expected to be finished end of 2016. After upgrading, Yangon International Airport will be able to service 6 million passengers annually.[6]

In 2013, a contract worth $150 million was awarded to a consortium led by an affiliate of Asia World to construct a new domestic terminal and expansion of airport apron.[5]

The new international terminal (T1) opened in March 2016, with the previously existing international terminal being designated as T2. The new domestic terminal (T3) opened on December 5, 2016.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

In August 2014, the old domestic terminal was demolished and construction began for the new six-story Terminal 1 which will handle international flights. The opening ceremony was held on March 12, 2016. After the opening of Terminal 1, the airport can handle 6 million passengers annually, as opposed to 2.7 million before.

Terminal 2[edit]

After the opening of Terminal 1, the former International Terminal was renamed "Terminal 2." The building was designed by the CPG Corporation of Singapore and constructed by the Asia World Company costing USD $13.3 million. The terminal can handle 900 arriving passengers and 900 departing passengers at the same time.

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3, which is used for domestic flights, opened on December 5, 2016, replacing the old domestic terminal which was demolished in August 2014.

Guard of Honor Building (VIP Terminal)[edit]

The former VIP terminal was temporarily being used as the domestic terminal, until Terminal 3 was completed. The VIP terminal will be converted to a connector between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International T1
Air Bagan Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kawthaung, Kalaymyo, Kyaing Tong, Lashio, Myeik, Mandalay, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Pathein, Putao, Sittwe, Tachilek, Thandwe T3 (Domestic)
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Kunming T1
Air India Delhi, Gaya, Kolkata T2
Air KBZ Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kalaymyo, Kawthaung, Kyaing Tong, Lashio, Mandalay, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Sittwe, Thandwe T3 (Domestic)
Air KBZ Chiang Mai T1
Air Mandalay Bagan, Heho, Mandalay, Myitkyina, Sittwe, Tachilek T3 (Domestic)
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita T1
Asian Wings Airways Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kawthaung, Kyaing Tong, Mandalay, Myeik, Tachilek T3 (Domestic)
APEX Airlines Dawei, Kawthaung, Myeik, Naypidaw T3 (Domestic)
Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai T1
Bassakaair Charter: Phnom Penh T2
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka T2
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong T1
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan T2
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanning T1
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Haikou[7] T1
Emirates Dubai–International, Hanoi (ends 30 June 2017), Phnom Penh (begins 1 July 2017) [8] T1
FMI Air Bagan, Heho, Kyaukphyu, Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Sittwe T3 (Domestic)
Golden Myanmar Airlines Bagan, Heho, Mandalay, Naypyidaw, Thandwe T3 (Domestic)
Golden Myanmar Airlines Seasonal: Gaya, Kolkata T2
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu (begins 24 February)[9] T2
HK Express Hong Kong T1
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore T2
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon T1
Mann Yatanarpon Airlines Mandalay, Bagan, Heho, Thandwe, Kengtung, Tachilek, Myitkyina T3 (Domestic)
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International T2
Myanmar Airways International Mandalay T3 (Domestic)
Myanmar Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Guangzhou, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kolkata, Kunming, Singapore
Seasonal: Gaya
T1
Myanmar National Airlines Dawei, Heho, Kawthaung, Kyaukphyu, Khamti, Kyaing Tong, Loikaw, Lashio, Mandalay, Mawlamyaing, Myeik, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Nyaung U, Pathein, Putao, Sittwe, Tachilek, Thandwe T3 (Domestic)
Myanmar National Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chiang Mai, Hong Kong, Singapore
Charter: Gaya
T2
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang T2
Novoair Dhaka T2
Qatar Airways Doha T2
SilkAir Mandalay, Singapore T1
Singapore Airlines Singapore T1
Tigerair Singapore T1
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang T1
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi T2
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang T1
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi T2
Vietjet Air Ho Chi Minh City T2
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City T1
Yangon Airways Bagan, Dawei, Heho, Kyaing Tong, Mandalay, Myeik, Myitkyina, Naypyidaw, Tachilek T3 (Domestic)

Statistics[edit]

The Courtyard (Terminal 2) seen inside from the airport departure lounge
The departure lounge - Gate 1 (Terminal 2)

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest international flights out of Yangon by flight per weekly[10]
Rank Destinations Frequency (Weekly)
1 ThailandSuvarnabhumi, Bangkok 76
2 ThailandDon Muang, Bangkok 63
3 SingaporeSingapore 49
4 MalaysiaKuala Lumpur–International 27
5 VietnamHo Chi Minh City 19
6 VietnamHanoi 14
7 ChinaKunming 14
8 Hong KongHong Kong 13
9 ThailandChiang Mai 10
10 ChinaGuangzhou 9
11 IndiaGaya 8
12 United Arab EmiratesDubai 7
13 South KoreaSeoul 7
14 Japan Tokyo–Narita 7
15 QatarDoha 5

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Yangon International Airport at Wikimedia Commons