Yangon International Airport
|Yangon Mingaladon International|
|Owner||Government of the Republic of Union of Myanmar|
|Operator||Ministry of Transport and Communications|
|Location||Mingaladon 11021, Yangon
Yangon Division, Myanmar
|Elevation AMSL||109 ft / 33 m|
Yangon International Airport (Burmese: ရန်ကုန်အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာလေဆိပ်; MLCTS: Yan Gon a pyi pyi hsai ya hlay hsate [jàɴɡòʊɴ əpjìpjì sʰàɪɴjà lèzeɪʔ]) (IATA: RGN, ICAO: VYYY), located in Mingaladon, at 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of downtown Yangon, is the primary and busiest international airport of Myanmar and the largest.
The airport's old terminal is used exclusively for domestic flights, and the new terminal, in operation since May 2007, handles international flights. Airport capacity has been boosted to 6 million in early 2016, but this is still insufficient so there are plans to build a completely new airport Hanthawaddy International Airport on a much larger site and somewhat away from Yangon.
During World War II, the airfield as RAF Mingaladon served as an operating base for fighter aircraft such as No. 60 Squadron RAF from February 1941 to February 1942 flying Bristol Blenheim I, No. 67 Squadron RAF from October 1941 to March 1942 flying Brewster F2A Buffalo and Hawker Hurricane IIs, No. 135 Squadron RAF from January–February 1942 flying Hawker Hurricane IIs, No. 681 Squadron RAF from June to September 1945 flying Supermarine Spitfire and the 3rd Squadron, 1st American Volunteer Group (Flying Tigers) of the Chinese Air Force flying Curtiss P-40s. There was also a Communication Flight of the Burma Volunteer Air Force equipped with Tiger Moths and Westland Lysanders and anti-aircraft support for the airfield was provided by members of the 12th Burma Rifles. The airport was built on the former World War II airfield RAF Mingaladon in 1947 by the Calcutta Metropolitan Airports Authority. Once regarded as the best in Southeast Asia and the primary airport serving that region, the airport fell into disrepair and remained that way for decades, as new superhubs like Singapore Changi Airport, Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport and Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta were built and superseded Yangon's facilities.
A modernization programme launched in April 2003 has so far resulted in a new terminal and an extended 11,200-foot (3414 m) runway. Designed by the Airport Development Division of CPG Corporation of Singapore and constructed by Asia World, a leading Burmese construction firm, at a cost of US$13.3 million, the new terminal can handle 900 arriving and 900 departing passengers simultaneously. Overall design and detailing was carried out to meet IATA service standards and to comply with ICAO safety and security standards at a cost of SG$30 million. Other notable features include:
- Separate floors for arriving and departing passengers to lessen congestion
- Automated baggage handling system, integrated check-in system
- Four air bridges, capable of handling four Boeing 747s
- Special lounges for use by government officials and business people
- Two-storey car park with spaces for 340 vehicles.
In 2013, a contract worth $150 million to upgrade the Yangon Airport, to cope with the surging passengers and air traffic, was awarded to a consortium led by an affiliate of Asia World. The contract includes a new domestic terminal and expansion of airport apron.
The new international terminal (T1) opened in March 2016, with the previously existing international terminal being designated as T2. The new domestic terminal (T3) is expected to open during the second half of 2016.
The airport, which can handle 2.7 million passengers a year, handled 800,000 international passengers and 1.2 million domestic passengers in 2006. All ten Burmese carriers and about 20 international airlines operate out of Yangon International. In June 2011, the government announced plans to expand the airport by 40% and increase its capacity from 2.7 million passengers to 3.8 million passengers annually. The airport is already over its annual capacity of 2.7 million passengers, having accepted 3.1 million in 2012 and 4 million in 2014. To fulfill this capacity, new international and domestic terminals are being constructed and are expected to be finished end of 2016. After upgrading, Yangon International Airport will be able to service 6 million passengers annually.
Airlines and destinations
|Rank||Destinations||Average seats per week(one way)|
|4||Don Muang, Bangkok||7560|
|Rank||Destinations||Seats(one way,26-Aug-2013 to 1 Sep 2013)|
|4||People's Republic of China||7500|
- "Yangon airport completes runway extension". 28 July 2008.
- "Yangon International Airport opens new terminal". 25 July 2007.
- "Yangon international airport terminal put into service after renovation". 25 May 2007.
- "Myanmar Air Services Grow Rapidly Despite Safety Record". 22 October 2013.
- Aye Sapay Phyu (20 June 2011). "Government reveals plan to expand Yangon International Airport". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- "A 2015 finish planned for first part of Yangon airport expansion". 2 February 2014.
- "Thai Lion Air Further Postpones Planned Myanmar Launch to July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Myanmar poised for more rapid growth in 2013 as foreign carriers expand and local LCC launches". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "ANA's investment in Asian Wings Airways could make it Myanmar's largest international airline". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- Airport information for VYYY at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
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