Yangon Technological University
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|Location||Insein 11101, Yangon
Yangon Region, Myanmar
|Affiliations||ASEAN University Network, GMSARN|
Yangon Technological University (YTU) (Burmese: ရန်ကုန်နည်းပညာတက္ကသိုလ် [jàɴɡòʊɴ nípjɪ̀ɴɲà tɛʔkəθò]), located in Gyogone, Yangon, is the premier engineering university of Myanmar. Established as Department of Engineering under Rangoon University in 1924, and popular known by its former name RIT (Rangoon Institute of Technology), YTU is the country's oldest and largest engineering university, and the best engineering university in Myanmar. The university offers bachelor's, master's and doctorate degree programs in engineering disciplines to nearly 8000 students.
YTU is also a member of ASEAN University Network, Southeast Asia Engineering Education Development Network (AUN/SEED-Net), and Greater Mekong Sub-region Academic and Research Network (GMSARN).
- 1 History
- 2 Programs
- 3 Campus
- 4 Faculty and alumni
- 5 International affiliations
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The university traces its origins to Rangoon University's Department of Engineering established in 1924 during the British colonial period. In the beginning, the department was located in the extended compound of Rangoon General Hospital in downtown Yangon and consisted of two lecturers and 17 students. In 1927, it became a separate entity, BOC College of Engineering and Mining, named after Burmah Oil Company, and was moved four miles north. Civil Engineering was the only program offered until 1938 when a combined Mechanical and Electrical Engineering program was added.
After World War II, in 1946, the college became the Faculty of Engineering of Rangoon University. After Burma's independence in 1948, the college added Mining, Chemical, Metallurgy and Architecture programs in 1954 and a Textile Engineering program in 1955.
In 1961, the college became Burma Institute of Technology (BIT) of Rangoon University and was moved to the current building complex in Gyogone built by the Soviet Union. In 1964, BIT was renamed Rangoon Institute of Technology (RIT) and, more importantly, made an independent university under the Ministry of Education. RIT began conferring Bachelor of Engineering and Master of Engineering degrees instead of Bachelor of Science (Engineering) and Master Science (Engineering) degrees, hitherto offered at Rangoon University. The university expanded its bachelor's and master's degree offerings to the current 11 disciplines over the years. The PhD programs were added only in 1997.
The university was renamed Yangon Institute of Technology (YIT) in 1990 and was placed under the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1997. In 1998, the name of the university was changed to Yangon Technological University (YTU). In 1999, a new campus located six miles west of Gyogone in Hlaingtharya was opened. Until 1991, when Mandalay Institute of Technology was founded, the university was the only senior engineering university in the country, along with several Government Technical Institutes (GTIs), which offered two-year engineering diplomas. In 2012, both Yangon Technological University (YTU) and Mandalay Technological University (MTU) started to accept the best and most outstanding students around the country to undergraduate programs and they are called as Center of Excellence (COE). Only 250 students are accepted to YTU annually based on there scores from the annual university entrance examinations. YTU remains the best university which students need best scores among all the students around Myanmar to get acceptance.
YTU maintains 18 academic departments: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Power Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Technology, Mechatronic Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Textile Engineering, Mining Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Biotechnology, Architecture, Engineering Geology, Engineering Physics, Engineering Chemistry, Engineering Mathematics, and Languages.
Most YTU students are enrolled full-time in engineering programs although over 2000 students are also enrolled in part-time programs. Of the nearly 11,000 students who graduated between 1997 and 2004, a little over 50% received bachelor's degrees, 10% master's, 4.5% postgraduate diploma, 32.5% undergraduate diploma, and 2.4% Ph.D.
The university offers six-year B.E. and B.Arch. programs and two-year M.E. and M.Arch. programs. The Ph.D. programs last between three and five years. Students are accepted to YTU's undergraduate programs based on their scores from the annual university entrance examinations.
|Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science||B.E.||M.E.||Ph.D.|
The following one-year postgraduate diploma, two-year master's and doctoral programs are offered in applied sciences. The university had 322 postgraduate students in the 2007-2008 academic year.
|Business and Technology Management||Yes||Yes||No|
|Engineering Physics (Electronics)||No||Yes||Yes|
|Environmental Planning and Management||Yes||Yes||No|
|Settlement Planning and Design||Yes||Yes||No|
The university offers one-year Diploma in Technology degrees in the following:
- Architectural Design and Planning
- Electrical Power
- Information Technology
The university consists of the main campus in Gyogone and a smaller campus in Hlaingthaya Township, six miles west.
The main campus, built between 1958 and 1961 with aid from the Soviet Union, comprises eight main buildings, all interlinked by rain-proof corridors. The main hall and administrative departments are in Building 1. Buildings 5-8 house the School of Architecture and laboratory rooms. The library is near Building 1. The campus also includes a sports hall, a football pitch, a canteen, a restaurant, and a carpark. Faculty residences are located in the back of the campus. Seven halls (named Block A through Block G) are accepted again as dormitory halls in December 2013.
Faculty and alumni
List of rectors
|Prof. Ba Hli||1950–1958|
|Prof. Yone Mo||1962–1971|
|Prof. Aung Gyi||1971–1977|
|Prof. Khin Aung Kyi||1977–1988|
|Prof. Maung Maung Than||1988–1992|
|Prof. Aung Than||1992–1993|
|Prof. Kyin Soe||1993–1997||MSc. Mechnical Engineering|
|Prof. Nyi Hla Nge||1997–2000||Former Head of Civil Engineering|
|Dr. Pe Win||2000–2003||Former Head of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science|
|Dr. Hla Than||2003–2005|
|Dr. Mya Mya Oo||2005–2006|
|Dr. Khin Maung Aye||2006–2008||Moved from University of Yangon, then moved to West Yangon Technological University, and Technological University, Hmawbi on 13 August 2010|
|Dr. Mya Mya Oo||2008–2009|
|Dr. Aye Myint||2010–present||Moved from Technological University, Thanlyin to West Yangon Technological University|
As YTU was the only senior university in the country until 1991, most senior engineers in Burma hail from RIT/YTU. However, many alumni and former faculty members have left the country for work, further studies, or both. The largest group of overseas alumni are believed to be in Singapore and the second largest in the United States.
Number of enrolled students
|Ph.D. students in all engineering disciplines||58|
|Number of Ph.D. students in all applied sciences||62|
Number of graduated students
Under Ministry of Education (from 1927 to 1996)
|B.E. students in all engineering disciplines||15007|
|M.E students in all engineering disciplines||60|
|M.Phil. students in all engineering disciplines||27|
|Postgraduate diploma students||292|
Under Ministry of Science and Technology (from 1997 to present)
|B.E. students in all engineering disciplines||4592|
|B.S. (Biotechnology) students||238|
|M.E. students in all engineering disciplines||1485|
|M.Phil. students in all engineering disciplines||16|
|M.S. (Applied Science)/MESP students||664|
|Postgraduate diploma students||839|
|Part-time students (diploma in Technology)||3541|
|Ph.D. students in all engineering disciplines||168|
|Ph.D. students in all applied sciences||251|
YTU is a member of ASEAN University Network, Southeast Asia Engineering Education Development Network (AUN/SEED-Net), and Greater Mekong Sub-region Academic and Research Network (GMSARN). The university has academic affiliations with University of Karlsruhe (Germany), Shibaura Institute of Technology (Japan), Asian Institute of Technology (Thailand) and Mae Fah Luang University (Thailand).