Yangpu Economic Development Zone

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For the district in Shanghai, see Yangpu District.
Economic Development Zone
Yangpu Economic Development Zone
洋浦保税港区大门-By Bigball - panoramio.jpg
Yangpu is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 19°0′43″N 109°00′00″E / 19.01194°N 109.00000°E / 19.01194; 109.00000
Country China
Province Hainan
 • Land 31 km2 (12 sq mi)
Time zone China standard time (UTC+8)

Yángpǔ Economic Development Zone (洋浦经济开发区) is an area of the Yangpu Peninsula, Hainan, China. This zone, covering 31 km2,[1] contains a port, oil refinery, petroleum commercial reserve base, power station, and the town of Yangpu. The area, Hainan's largest economic zone, is located on the northwestern coast of the island, about 140 km. west of Haikou city, the capital of the province. It is the first development zone approved for lease to foreign investors by the Chinese government.[2]


During 1983-1989, research was conducted for building a deepwater harbour with studies of sedimentation of the embayments.

The zone was officially established by State Council in March 1992, and was originally intended to be an export-oriented industrial area focusing on advanced technology with the development of tertiary industries.[3]

In August 1992, the land of the 30 km zone was leased to Kumagai Gumi (Hong Kong) Ltd. (later renamed HongKong Construction Holdings), for development for a maximum of 70 years. An additional area of 38 km2 outside the zone has been designated for future development.[1][4]

In September 1993, the customs area was enclosed an operations commenced.[5]


Yangpu Economic Development Zone.jpg

More than 8 billion RMB has been spent on infrastructure within the zone. This includes state investment as well as foreign investment. The Ministry of Transportation funded the first stage of the Yangpu Harbor, which was opened in 1991. This includes a 3,000-tonne berth and two 2,000-tonne berths. The second stage will cost more than 780 million RMB, and will expand the capacity to 2.5 million tonnes with the addition of three 35,000-tonne berths. It is estimated that the capacity for handling cargo will be 220 million tons in 2020.[6]

The Sinopec Yangpu refinery has the capacity to process 8 million mt/year of crude oil. LPG output is approximately 40,000-45,000 mt/month. Around 5,000 mt of this is sold to Hainan province. The remaining 35,000-40,000 mt is sold to Guangdong province, or exported to Hong Kong. The refinery has an LPG storage capacity of approximately 30,000 cubic meters.[7]

The zone also has a 448,000 KW power plant to provide electricity to the area.


The entire district, located on the Yangpu Peninsula is flat, all less than 100 metres above sea level. The zone's foundation consists of clay, sandy loam, basalt and quartz sand. Yangpu's coastline contains 20 bays with a deep-water channel near to the shoreline.


  1. ^ a b Gwinnell, Philip; Han, Bin (December 2010). Hainan, China's Emerging Jewel - The Definitive Guide. Nanfang Publishing House (南方出版社). ISBN 978-7-5501-0016-9.  p 67
  2. ^ "Canada - China Society Of Science & Technology Industries Event Page". Canada-china.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  3. ^ "Hainan's Yangpu Still Attractive to Investors". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2000-07-06. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090510060130/http://www.ypdelp.com/kfqgk.htm. Archived from the original on May 10, 2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Yangpu Economic Development Zone". Yangpu.gov.cn. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  6. ^ "Hainan's Yangpu Economic Development Zone recovers _English_Xinhua". News.xinhuanet.com. 2009-07-18. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  7. ^ "China's Sinopec Yangpu refinery resumes LPG exports: sources - ECF Your Window On China Energy Market". Energychinaforum.com. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 

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Coordinates: 19°02′35″N 109°00′04″E / 19.043°N 109.001°E / 19.043; 109.001