Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
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|Yankee Hotel Foxtrot|
|Studio album by Wilco|
|Released||April 23, 2002|
|Recorded||Autumn 2000 - Early 2001, Chicago (The Loft)|
|Genre||Alternative rock, Indie rock, Psychedelic rock|
|Singles from Yankee Hotel Foxtrot|
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot is the fourth album by Chicago-based rock band Wilco. The album was completed in 2001, but Reprise Records, a Warner Music Group label, refused to release it. Wilco acquired the rights to the album when they left the label. In September 2001, Wilco streamed the entire album for free on their website. Wilco signed with Nonesuch Records (another Warner label) in November of that year, and the album was officially released on April 23, 2002.
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was a critical and commercial success, and is their best selling album, with over 500,000 copies sold in the U.S. and topping the Pazz and Jop critics' poll for 2002. Critical success endured, and the album was widely listed among the greatest albums of the 2000s in many popular publications, including 3rd place in Rolling Stone's 100 Best Albums of the 2000s. It was Wilco's first album with drummer Glenn Kotche, and the last with multi-instrumentalist and songwriter Jay Bennett.
Wilco was touring to promote Mermaid Avenue Vol. II in May 2000 when Jeff Tweedy was invited to play at the Noise Pop festival in Chicago. The festival promoter offered to pair Tweedy with a collaborator of his choosing, and Tweedy decided to perform with Jim O'Rourke. Tweedy frequently played O'Rourke's album Bad Timing in his car while he traveled during the previous winter. O'Rourke was an accomplished producer as well as a musician, and had produced over two hundred albums by the time that Tweedy requested the collaboration. O'Rourke offered the services of drummer Glenn Kotche, and the trio performed at Double Door for the festival on May 14, 2000. Tweedy enjoyed the performance so much that he suggested that the trio record an album together. They chose the name Loose Fur, and recorded six songs during the following summer.
By the end of the year, the band had recorded enough demo tracks to release a fourth studio album (the working title was Here Comes Everybody), but the band was unhappy with some of the takes of the songs. This was attributed to the inflexibility of Ken Coomer's drumming. The band decided to bring Glenn Kotche into the studio to record with the band. Wilco officially replaced Coomer with Kotche in January 2001, a decision originally proposed by Tweedy and almost immediately approved by the rest of the band.
Jay Bennett recorded the entire album with Chris Brickley, and agreed with Tweedy that O'Rourke would be a good choice to mix the album, after a failed attempt by Bennett and Brickley to mix a few of the songs at CRC and after hearing O'Rourke's "audition mix". One of the conflicts, exhibited in the film I Am Trying to Break Your Heart: A Film About Wilco, was over the ten-second transition between "Ashes of American Flags" and "Heavy Metal Drummer". Bennett attempted to explain to Tweedy that there were several slightly different ways to approach the transition, each of which would yield slightly different results, but Tweedy explained that he just wanted the problem fixed, and was not concerned with understanding the different approaches. Bennett focused on the individual songs, while Tweedy focused on larger conceptual and thematic issues—a tried and true division of labor that had worked well on the four releases on which they co-wrote the material. In order to achieve the band's musical goals, Tweedy invited Jim O'Rourke into the studio to mix "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart" ( sample (help·info)), and the results impressed the band members. O'Rourke was then asked to mix the rest of the album.
The cover of the album is a picture of Marina City in the band's adopted hometown of Chicago. The album was named after a series of letters in the phonetic alphabet that Tweedy had heard on the Irdial box set The Conet Project: Recordings of Shortwave Numbers Stations. On the fourth track of the album ', a woman repeats the words "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot" numerous times; a clip from this track was placed in the Yankee Hotel Foxtrot song "Poor Places". Irdial sued Wilco for copyright infringement, and a settlement was reached out of court.
After the album's completion, Tweedy decided to remove Bennett from the band. The album was completed in 2001, and Tweedy believed it to be ready for release.
I Am Trying to Break Your Heart
Los Angeles photographer Sam Jones contacted Wilco in 2000 about producing a documentary film about the creation of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot. Jones shot over eighty hours of footage for I Am Trying to Break Your Heart (named after the opening song of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot) beginning on the day that Coomer was dismissed from the band. The footage was edited down to ninety-two minutes, and the film was released to theaters in 2002. The documentary has received generally positive reviews.
Dismissal from Reprise Records
In 2001, AOL merged with Time Warner to form AOL Time Warner. Time Warner's market share of the music industry had dropped by almost five percent from the mid-1990s, and the new executives ordered the termination of six hundred jobs. One of those jobs was Reprise Records president Howie Klein, who had been a big supporter of Wilco on the label. Klein's dismissal caused head A&R representative David Kahne to be in charge of deciding whether to release Yankee Hotel Foxtrot. Kahne assigned A&R representative Mio Vukovic to monitor the progress of the album. Vukovic was unhappy about the album because he felt that his suggestions were not being considered. Kahne wanted a radio single from the album, but he felt that none of the songs were suitable for commercial release. In June 2001, the album was officially rejected and Vukovic suggested that the band independently release the album.
Josh Grier, Wilco's lawyer, was able to negotiate a buy-out of the band from Reprise. The band would keep the rights to the album if they paid Reprise $50,000. Before Wilco could accept the deal, Reprise called the band and changed their offer to give the band the rights to Yankee Hotel Foxtrot for free. Despite Reprise's efforts to accommodate Wilco's departure, the process marred public relations after an article in the Chicago Tribune described what had happened.
Wilco had planned on releasing Yankee Hotel Foxtrot on September 11, 2001, but Tweedy did not want a change in record labels to significantly delay the release of the album. Within weeks of being released from the label and Jay Bennett leaving the band, MP3s of all tracks from the album began to appear on file sharing networks. In a decision aimed at discouraging the pirating of lower quality MP3s and having some control over how the album was distributed, on September 18, 2001, Wilco began streaming the entirety of the album on their official website. The wilcoworld.net website registered over fifty thousand hits that day, eight times as much as typical daily traffic. Traffic to the website quadrupled the normal traffic over the next few months. The following tour was a success financially, and members of Wilco observed that fans sang along with unreleased songs on the album.
Release on Nonesuch Records
The first track from the album, this song featured an intro on bells composed by Glenn Kotche.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
Both independent and major record labels bid for the right to release Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, including Artemis Records and Nonesuch Records. Tweedy denied the bids of record labels that did not have a roster of signed artists that matched his liking. He also decided to ignore small independent companies because he wanted to be able to put the album out for a large audience and felt that they would be unable to produce more than 100,000 records. Wilco decided to sign with AOL Time Warner subsidiary Nonesuch Records in November 2001, basing the decision on the label's small size and artist-friendly atmosphere. Wilco recorded and produced Yankee Hotel Foxtrot with Reprise, received the rights to the album for a fee of $50,000, and then sold it back to a different AOL Time Warner affiliate.
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was commercially released by Nonesuch Records on April 23, 2002. The album sold 55,573 copies during its first week of release, peaking on the Billboard 200 album chart at number thirteen. The album was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America and has sold over 590,000 units.
The More Like the Moon EP (also called Bridge and Australian EP) was originally released as a bonus disc to the Australian version of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot. The EP comprised six songs that were recorded but not released during the Yankee Hotel Foxtrot sessions including a re-working of "Kamera". On the one-year anniversary of the release of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, Wilco uploaded the EP onto their official website, and offered it for free to anyone who purchased the album. The band would later allow anyone to download the EP for free off the website, regardless of whether they had purchased the full-length album.
|The A.V. Club||(favorable)|
|The Music Box|
|The Village Voice||(favorable)|
The album received positive reviews from media outlets such as Rolling Stone and BBC. Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was voted as the best album of the year in The Village Voice Pazz & Jop critics poll. Brent Sirota of Pitchfork Media gave the album a perfect 10.0 rating, noting that the album was "simply a masterpiece." David Fricke of Rolling Stone praised its resemblance to psychedelia while Allmusic writer Zac Johnson lauded its musical complexity.
Trouser Press was one of the few major media outlets that did not give the album a good review, stating that "more time spent in the songwriting lab might have yielded material more suitable to the evident studio effort invested and brought Wilco closer to making a truly great album." Robert Christgau gave the album a one-star honorable mention rating, stating that he found the lyrics and vocals in general to be boring.
Though Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was recorded before the September 11, 2001 attacks, critics perceived references in the album to the attacks. For example, Jeff Gordinier of Entertainment Weekly compared the two towers of Marina City to the World Trade Center towers.
The album was voted as the 100th "Greatest Album Ever" in a 2006 Q Magazine poll. In 2008, Rolling Stone critic Tom Moon listed Yankee Hotel Foxtrot among the 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die.
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot found a place on many lists of the greatest albums of the 2000s. Rolling Stone ranked the album at number three on its list of the 100 Best Albums of the Decade. Pitchfork Media put the album at number four on the Top 200 Albums of the 2000s. The alternative music website also named "Poor Places" and "Jesus, Etc." as the 147th and 61st best songs of the decade, respectively. Paste named the album the second-best album of the decade.
- Jeff Tweedy - vocals, acoustic guitar, electric guitar, horn arrangments, string arrangments
- Jay Bennett – acoustic guitar, electric guitar, piano, keyboards, synthesizers, organ, bass, drums, percussion, lap steel, vibraphone, bells, vocals
- John Stirratt – bass, vocals, horn arrangments, string arrangments
- Leroy Bach - acoustic guitar, electric guitar, piano, glockenspiel
- Glenn Kotche - drums, percussion, cimbalom, siren, chimes
- Ken Coomer - drums, percussion
- Fred Lonberg-Holm – keyboards, synthesizers, percussion
- Craig Christiansen - programming
- Jessy Greene - violin on "Jesus Etc."
- Steve Rookie – mastering
- Chris Brickley – engineering, mixing
- Jim O'Rourke – engineering, mixing
- Wilco – producer
- Sam Jones – photography
Credits taken from liner notes.
All lyrics written by Jeff Tweedy; all music composed by Jeff Tweedy and Jay Bennett except where noted.
- "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart" (Tweedy) – 6:57 Audio sample (help·info)
- "Kamera" – 3:29
- "Radio Cure" – 5:08
- "War on War" – 3:47
- "Jesus, Etc." – 3:50
- "Ashes of American Flags" – 4:43
- "Heavy Metal Drummer" (Tweedy) – 3:08
- "I'm the Man Who Loves You" – 3:55
- "Pot Kettle Black" – 4:00
- "Poor Places" – 5:15
- "Reservations" (Tweedy) – 7:22
- Kot 2004, pp. 176–184
- Kot 2004, p. 185-188
- Jones, Sam. I Am Trying to Break Your Heart: A Film About Wilco (DVD), Plexifilm, 2002.
- Kot 2004, p. 195-199
- Gupta, Jaya (June 25, 2004). "Wilco Settle Lawsuit". Filter Magazine.
- Kot 2004, p. 199-200
- I Am Trying to Break Your Heart liner notes.
- "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes. Last accessed January 2, 2007.
- Kot 2004, p. 201-206
- Kot, Greg (August 15, 2001). "Wilco's shot in the arm". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on August 26, 2001.
- Kot 2004, p. 223-226
- Kot 2004, p. 227-228
- "The Billboard 200". Billboard. May 11, 2002.
- Kot 2004, p. 228-229
- "Gold and Platinum Database Search". Recording Industry Association of America. Last accessed January 2, 2007.
- Cohen, Jonathan (April 13, 2007). "Wilco: In The Comfort Zone". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2007-12-12. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Kot 2004, p. 237
- Unterberger, Andrew (September 1, 2003). "Wilco - More Like the Moon EP - Review". Stylus Magazine.
- Yankee Hotel Foxtrot at Metacritic Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Johnson, Zac. "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Allmusic. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
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- Jones, Chris (November 20, 2002). "Wilco Yankee Hotel Foxtrot Review". BBC. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Christgau, Robert. "Wilco". Robert Christgau. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Gordinier, Jeff (April 26, 2002). "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (2002)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Robinson, John (April 16, 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". NME. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Sirota, Brent S. (April 21, 2002). "Wilco Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Dechert, S. Renee (April 26, 2002). "Wilco Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
- Fricke, David (2004). "Wilco Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Text "http://www.rollingstone.com/music/artists/wilco/albumguide" ignored (help);
- Hoard, Christian (April 30, 2002). "'Doo Doo Doo (Heartbreaker)'". The Village Voice. p. 75.
- Fricke, David (May 9, 2002). "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot: Review". Rolling Stone.
- Jones, Chris. "Folk and Country Review - Wilco, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot". BBC.
- "Pazz & Jop 2002". The Village Voice. Last accessed January 2, 2007.
- Sirota, Brent (April 22, 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (review)". Last accessed July 6, 2007.
- Fricke, David (May 9, 2002). "Wilco: Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (review)". Rolling Stone. Last accessed July 6, 2007.
- Johnson, Zac. "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot > Overview". Allmusic.[dead link] Last accessed July 6, 2007.
- "Wilco". Trouser Press. Last accessed July 6, 2007.
- Christgau, Robert. "CG: Wilco". robertchristgau.com. Last accessed July 6, 2007.
- Gordinier, Jeff (April 22, 2002). "Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (review)". Entertainment Weekly. Last accessed June 20, 2007.
- Hultkrans, Andrew (September 2002). "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart (review)". ArtForum. Last accessed June 20, 2007.
- "2006 Q Magazine Readers' 100 Greatest Albums Ever". Q. February 2006.
- "#3 Wilco-Yankee Hotel Foxtrot" Rolling Stone's 100 Best Albums of the Decade. 9 December 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- By Pitchfork, October 2, 2009 (2009-10-02). "Staff Lists: The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s: 20-1 | Features". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- "P2K: The Decade in Music". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Evans, Janile. "The 50 Best Albums of the Decade (2000-2009) :: Blogs :: List of the Day :: Paste". Pastemagazine.com. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Yankee Hotel Foxtrot liner notes.
- Kot, Greg (2004), Wilco: Learning How to Die (First ed.), New York: Broadway Books Retrieved on 2006-12-18
- Levy, Joe (2005), The 500 Greatest Albums of All Times (First ed.), New York: Wenner Books Retrieved on 2007-01-02