Yankton County, South Dakota

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Yankton County, South Dakota
Scottish Rite Masonic Center (Yankton SD) from E 1.JPG
Scottish Rite Masonic Center in Yankton.
Map of South Dakota highlighting Yankton County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded10 April 1862
Named forYankton Sioux
SeatYankton
Largest cityYankton
Area
 • Total532 sq mi (1,378 km2)
 • Land521 sq mi (1,349 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (28 km2), 2.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)22,662
 • Density43.5/sq mi (16.8/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.yankton.sd.us
Missouri River in winter downstream from Yankton, with Nebraska below and South Dakota above. This stretch of the river is part of the 59-mile reach of the Missouri National Recreational River.

Yankton County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 22,438.[1] Its county seat is Yankton.[2] Yankton County comprises the Yankton, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Gavins Point Dam, impounding Lewis and Clark Lake on the Missouri River in the southwestern part of Yankton County.
View of Lewis and Clark Lake from Lewis & Clark Recreation Area along the South Dakota shore, west of Yankton.

Yankton County lies on the south side of South Dakota. Its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of Nebraska (across the Missouri River). The Missouri flows eastward along the county's south border. The James River flows south-southeastward through the west central portion of the county, discharging into the Missouri near the midpoint of the county's south line. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, carved by creeks and drainages, hosting several lakes and ponds. The area is devoted to agriculture.[3] The terrain slopes to the south and the east. Its highest point is 1,473' (449m) ASL, on the eastern portion of its north boundary line.[4] The county has a total area of 532 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 521 square miles (1,350 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (2.1%) is water.[5]

Lewis & Clark Lake, a popular regional tourist and recreational destination is located in the southwestern part of the county.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[3][edit]

Lakes and Reservoirs[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18702,097
18808,390300.1%
189010,41424.1%
190012,64921.5%
191013,1353.8%
192015,23316.0%
193016,5898.9%
194016,7250.8%
195016,8040.5%
196017,5514.4%
197019,0398.5%
198018,952−0.5%
199019,2521.6%
200021,65212.5%
201022,4383.6%
Est. 201722,662[7]1.0%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 21,652 people, 8,187 households, and 5,403 families in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 8,840 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county is 95.10% White, 1.16% African American, 1.63% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 1.82% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,187 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03.

The county population contained 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,374, and the median income for a family was $43,600. Males had a median income of $29,010 versus $20,686 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,312. About 6.60% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,438 people, 8,770 households, and 5,476 families in the county.[13] The population density was 43.1 inhabitants per square mile (16.6/km2). There were 9,652 housing units at an average density of 18.5 per square mile (7.1/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 2.5% American Indian, 1.5% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry,[15]

Of the 8,770 households, 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.6% were non-families, and 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 41.3 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,124 and the median income for a family was $62,070. Males had a median income of $37,637 versus $29,488 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,776. About 5.0% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Gayville
  • Jamesville
  • Marindahl
  • Mayfield
  • Mission Hill
  • Turkey Valley
  • Utica
  • Volin
  • Walshtown

Unorganized territories[edit]

  • Southeast Yankton
  • West Yankton

Politics and government[edit]

Yankton County is Governed by the County Commission, a five-member legislative body elected at-large[17]. The current commissioners are:

  • Dan Klimisch, Chairman
  • Cheri Loest, Vice Chairman
  • Don Kettering
  • Joe Healy
  • Gary Swensen

The county is located in South Dakota Legislative District 18. As of 2019, Yankton County is represented in the South Dakota Senate by Senator Craig Kennedy-(D), and in the South Dakota House of Representatives by State Representatives Jean Hunhoff-(R) and Ryan Cwach-(D)[18]. The county is located in South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District, currently held by Republican Dusty Johnson.

In national elections, Yankton County voters have been reliably Republican for several decades. In no national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 58.8% 5,659 34.3% 3,301 6.9% 663
2012 55.1% 5,495 42.4% 4,226 2.5% 253
2008 49.7% 5,039 47.7% 4,838 2.5% 257
2004 57.6% 6,003 40.6% 4,237 1.8% 191
2000 56.1% 4,904 41.1% 3,596 2.8% 240
1996 44.0% 3,885 42.8% 3,775 13.2% 1,166
1992 36.6% 3,430 36.3% 3,404 27.1% 2,538
1988 52.1% 4,186 47.0% 3,777 1.0% 80
1984 63.4% 5,161 36.0% 2,932 0.6% 52
1980 61.2% 5,355 30.8% 2,698 7.9% 694
1976 49.8% 4,029 49.3% 3,987 0.9% 71
1972 53.1% 4,366 46.6% 3,835 0.3% 24
1968 56.1% 3,977 38.5% 2,733 5.4% 382
1964 46.1% 3,208 53.9% 3,747
1960 57.0% 4,065 43.0% 3,061
1956 57.6% 4,063 42.4% 2,987
1952 68.4% 4,802 31.6% 2,220
1948 49.3% 2,904 49.8% 2,932 1.0% 57
1944 58.4% 3,313 41.6% 2,359
1940 57.7% 4,179 42.3% 3,064
1936 36.3% 2,702 58.5% 4,349 5.2% 387
1932 25.2% 1,693 73.3% 4,930 1.6% 107
1928 50.9% 2,971 48.7% 2,841 0.5% 27
1924 39.8% 1,504 18.3% 693 41.9% 1,584
1920 61.8% 2,555 27.8% 1,147 10.5% 432
1916 48.7% 1,429 49.0% 1,438 2.4% 70
1912 0.0% 0 44.0% 1,289 56.0% 1,639
1908 56.8% 1,644 38.6% 1,118 4.6% 132
1904 69.0% 1,968 27.6% 788 3.3% 95
1900 55.8% 1,639 43.1% 1,268 1.1% 33
1896 51.4% 1,423 48.0% 1,330 0.6% 16
1892 54.0% 1,166 10.6% 228 35.5% 766

Recreation and Tourism[edit]

Lewis and Clark Lake is located in southwestern Yankton County, four miles (6km) west of Yankton. The Lewis & Clark Lake area is a popular regional tourist and recreation destination with parks, trails, campgrounds, boat ramps, and marinas. Gavins Point Dam, which creates Lewis & Clark Lake, is a popular fishing destination on the Missouri River.[20] The South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks operates the Lewis & Clark State Recreation Area on the northern shore of the lake.

Below Gavins Point Dam, the Missouri National Recreational River is home to one of the few non-channelized portions of the "Big Muddy", and is popular with birdwatchers, hunters, canoers, and kayakers.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ a b Yankton County SD Google Maps (accessed 9 February 2019)
  4. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 9 February 2019)
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  6. ^ Missouri River Dams
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau]]. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  17. ^ Yankton County Commission
  18. ^ SD Legislature
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Omaha District > Missions > Dam and Lake Projects > Missouri River Dams > Gavins Point". www.nwo.usace.army.mil. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  21. ^ National Park Service/MNRR

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°01′N 97°23′W / 43.01°N 97.39°W / 43.01; -97.39