Location of the Yankton Indian Reservation within the US state of South Dakota
The Yankton Indian Reservation is the homeland of the Yankton subgroup of the Dakota tribe of Native Americans.
The reservation occupies the easternmost 60 percent of Charles Mix County in southeastern South Dakota, United States. It has a land area of 665.712 sq mi (1,724.186 km²) and a total area (land and water) of 684.406 sq mi (1,772.604 km²), and a resident population of 6,500 persons as of the 2000 census. The population as of the 2010 census was 6,465 inhabitants. It is the second-largest (to the Osage Indian Reservation) Indian reservation that is located entirely within one county. The largest community on the reservation is the city of Wagner, while Marty is the location of the tribal headquarters. The blues-rock group Indigenous is originally from this community.
Chief Struck By The Ree, (1804-1888) a Yankton chief, was wrapped in an American flag by Meriwether Lewis. Lewis and Clark were in the area exploring Louisiana Purchase lands. As a leader, Struck By The Ree managed to befriend the whites, yet remain dedicated and loyal to his people. He died in 1888 at Greenwood.
Chief Running Bull, Tatankaiyanka (1826-1900)A Yankton Chief who succeeded Chief Struck by the Ree. Running Bull signed the Treaty of 1858, and was the son of Zuyesa whose name means "Warrior" signed the Treaty of 1837, which ceded all the lands east of the Mississippi to the U.S.
Chief Smutty Bear, Mato Sabi Ceya (1790? - 1865) which has been said to mean He Paints Himself Dark Like A Bear, an Ihanktonwan Chief, was a signer of four treaties. He signed the Treaty of 1825 , the Fourth Treaty of Prairie Du Chien of 1830 , the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851  and the Treaty of 1858 . He was a strong defender and believer in tribal sovereignty. Spellings of Chief Smutty Bear's name, following the chronological order of the treaties, are as follows : Maw-too-an-be-kin, Matto-sa-becha, Mak-toe-sah-bi-chis and Ma-to-sa-be-che-a.