Yanni in 2007
|Birth name||Yiannis Chryssomallis|
|Born||November 14, 1954|
|Genres||Contemporary instrumental, instrumental crossover, world, new-age (disavowed by artist)|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, record producer|
|Labels||Private Music/Windham Hill/BMG|
Yanni Wake/Disney Pearl Series
|Associated acts||Chameleon, Shahrdad Rohani|
Yiannis Chryssomallis (Greek: Γιάννης Χρυσομάλλης, born November 14, 1954), known professionally as Yanni (pronunciation; //), is a Greek composer, keyboardist, pianist, and music producer who has resided in the United States during his adult life.
Yanni continues to use the musical shorthand that he developed as a child, blending jazz, classical, soft rock, and world music to create predominantly instrumental works. Although this genre of music was not well suited for commercial pop radio and music television, Yanni received international recognition by producing concerts at historic monuments and by producing videos that were broadcast on public television. His breakthrough concert, Live at the Acropolis, yielded the second best-selling music concert video of all time. Additional historic sites for Yanni's concerts have included India's Taj Mahal, China's Forbidden City, the United Arab Emirates' Burj Khalifa, Russia's Kremlin, Puerto Rico's El Morro castle, Lebanon's ancient city of Byblos, Tunisia's Roman Theatre of Carthage, India's Laxmi Vilas Palace, the Egyptian pyramids and Great Sphinx of Giza, and the Amman Citadel.
At least sixteen of Yanni's albums have peaked at No. 1 in Billboard's "Top New Age Album" category, and two albums (Dare to Dream and In My Time) received Grammy Award nominations. Yanni has performed in more than 30 countries on five continents, and through late 2015 Yanni had performed live in concert before more than 5 million people and had accumulated more than 40 platinum and gold albums globally, with sales totaling over 25 million copies. A longtime fundraiser for public television, Yanni's compositions have been used on commercial television programs, especially for sporting events. He has written film scores and the music for an award-winning British Airways television commercial.
Yanni popularized the combination of electronic music synthesizers with a full symphony orchestra. He has employed musicians of various nationalities and has incorporated a variety of exotic instruments to create music that has been called an eclectic fusion of ethnic sounds. Influenced by his encounters with cultures around the world, Yanni has been called a "true global artist" and his music is said to reflect his "one world, one people" philosophy.
Yanni was born November 14, 1954 in Kalamata, Greece, the son of a banker, Sotiri Chryssomallis, and a homemaker, Felitsa (short for Triandafelitsa, which means "rose"). He displayed musical talent at a young age, playing the piano at the age of 6. His parents encouraged him to learn at his own pace and in his own way, without formal music training. The self-taught musician continues to use the "musical shorthand" that he developed as a child, rather than employ traditional musical notation.
In November 1972, Yanni moved from Greece to the United States to attend the University of Minnesota beginning in January 1973, majoring in psychology. For a time he earned money by washing dishes at the student union. Yanni later explained that learning English forced him to read each paragraph several times in what he called a slow and frustrating process, but which helped him memorize the material and do well on tests. He received a B.A. degree in psychology in 1976.
During his time as a student, Yanni played in a local rock band and continued to study piano and other keyboard instruments. Upon graduating, when he dedicated himself exclusively to music for one full year and found he was the happiest he had ever been, he said he decided music would be his life's work.
In 1977, Yanni joined the Minneapolis-based rock group Chameleon, performing with its founder, drummer Charlie Adams with whom he would work into the 2010s. While in Minneapolis, Yanni also worked with choreographer Loyce Houlton to provide music for dance works produced by the Minnesota Dance Theatre. After touring with Chameleon from 1980 to 1984, Yanni moved to Los Angeles in pursuit of movie soundtrack work.
1980s to early 1990s: Emergence and recognition
Yanni formed a band in 1987 and began to tour in 1988 with an ensemble including pianist/singer John Tesh and drummer Charlie Adams, promoting his early albums Keys to Imagination, Out of Silence, and Chameleon Days. A highlight of the tour was a performance with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra that elicited a positive review, considered seminal to Yanni's public recognition, from a Dallas Times Herald critic. Yanni's emergence was said to be "timed perfectly" with the growing popularity of contemporary instrumental music. In this time frame, Yanni wrote motion picture soundtracks for Steal the Sky (1988), Heart of Midnight (1988), I Love You Perfect (1989), She'll Take Romance (1990), When You Remember Me (1990), Children of the Bride (1990), and Hua qi Shao Lin (1994).
Yanni gained visibility as the result of his November 1990 appearances in People magazine and on The Oprah Winfrey Show with actress Linda Evans, with whom he had been in a relationship since 1989. However, high-visibility appearances on public television, best-selling records and videos, and overflow concerts earned him recognition beyond his relationship with Evans.
Dare to Dream, released in 1992, was Yanni's first Grammy-nominated album. It included "Aria," a song based on Léo Delibes' The Flower Duet (Lakmé, 1883) and popularized by an award-winning British Airways commercial. A second Grammy-nominated album, In My Time, followed in 1993.
1990s: Acropolis, world concerts, exhaustion and renewal
Yanni's breakthrough concert, Live at the Acropolis, was filmed in September 1993 at the 2,000-year-old Herodes Atticus Theater at the Acropolis of Athens, an album, VHS and Laserdisc being released in 1994. Acropolis was Yanni's first live album, and used his core band with a full sixty piece orchestra, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra which was arranged and conducted by Iranian-American musician Shahrdad Rohani.
Without financial backing, Yanni risked $2 million of his personal fortune in the Acropolis production in a strategy to boost his artistic profile and open new markets for his music. The resulting video was broadcast on PBS and became one of its most popular programs ever, seen in 65 countries by half a billion people. It became the second best-selling music concert video of all time (after Michael Jackson's Thriller), selling more than 7 million copies worldwide.
In March 1997, Yanni became one of the few Western artists permitted to perform and record at the Taj Mahal in India. Yanni followed in May 1997 with performances at the Forbidden City in Beijing, China, becoming the first Western artist in modern times permitted to perform at the historic site. Live broadcasts of the two concerts were seen by 100 million television viewers throughout the world. The two events formed the live album and video, Tribute, released in November 1997.
After negotiating the demands of gaining permission to perform at the Taj Mahal and Forbidden City in 1997, breaking up with Linda Evans in early 1998, and completing a long world tour later in 1998, Yanni halted his music career. Yanni later related that he had become depressed, and returned to Greece to live with his parents for three months before traveling the world. He didn't do an interview for two years, later explaining, "I traveled. I wanted to see other people's ideas of life, get out of the American dream."
2000s to 2010: After a hiatus, new perspectives
In 2000, after the two-year hiatus, Yanni released If I Could Tell You, his first studio album in seven years. The album sold 55,000 copies in its first week and landed at No. 20 on the Billboard charts, his highest debut to date. Yanni described the album as more of an even-tempered "listening" album, less dramatic than the live concert albums Live at the Acropolis or Tribute. He explained that he himself created all the album's sounds, including apparent vocalizations, through the manipulation of sound in his studio.
The music in Yanni's 2003 album Ethnicity represented many of the world's cultures, Yanni saying it uses ethnicity to reflect the color and beauty of a multicultural society. The album was released near the publication date of Yanni's autobiography, Yanni in Words. On October 23, 2003, Yanni performed a keyboard instrumental version of The Star-Spangled Banner before Game 5 of the 2003 World Series.
For the first time in his career, Yanni brought vocalists to the forefront in the Ric Wake collaboration Yanni Voices, the artist's first studio album in six years. PBS broadcast video of a November 2008 Voices Acapulco concert weeks before the album's March 24, 2009 release by Walt Disney Records' Disney Pearl Imprint, the album release preceding a tour produced by Pearl's Buena Vista Concerts division.
The album Mexicanisimo, released in November of Mexico's bicentennial year 2010, was a tribute to that country through Yanni's collaborative interpretation of its folk music. It involved collaboration with singer-songwriter Pepe Aguilar and singer-actress Lucero.
2010s: New sound designs, and a return to world tours
The Truth of Touch album was released in February 2011, Yanni's first studio album of new material since Ethnicity eight years earlier. Truth of Touch's varied content reflected contemporary instrumental, electronic, and cinematic influences, and crossed over into popular, new age, and world music. Though Yanni said that Truth of Touch was started by experimenting with new sound designs, Allmusic's James Christopher Monger said that the album shows Yanni returning to his instrumental roots, and should appeal to fans of his music from the mid-1990s. Three of fifteen tracks on the predominantly instrumental album included vocals from respective Yanni Voices vocalists.
In April 2012, Yanni released the Live at El Morro, Puerto Rico live album CD and DVD which were recorded and filmed at two outdoor concerts on December 16 and 17, 2011 on the grounds of the Castillo (Fort) San Felipe del Morro ("El Morro"), a UNESCO World Heritage Site in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The recorded concerts were broadcast on PBS beginning in March 2012, the production constituting Yanni's tenth collaboration with that organization.
Yanni performed again in China in the February 9, 2013, CCTV Spring Festival Gala (annual audience 700 million) with Chinese zither artist Chang Jing in what was the first year that CCTV had invited foreign artists to perform. For the performance, Yanni released a single "East Meets West" which was a mashup of his several famous songs (Santorini, North Shore of Matsushima) together with a solo part performed on Chinese zither.
Yanni's 2010s tours included new vocalists, distinct from the 2008–2009 Yanni Voices vocalists, though the setlists remained predominantly instrumental.
In March 2014, Yanni released his seventeenth studio album, Inspirato, a collaboration with operatic tenor Plácido Domingo and producer Ric Wake that, like Yanni Voices five years earlier, highlighted vocal performances. In Inspirato, distinguished operatic vocalists performed remakes of songs that Yanni had previously released over his career, the songs' titles and lyrics being predominantly in the Italian language.
In March 2015, Yanni released the title soundtrack for a Chinese documentary movie Hexi Corridor.
On October 30 and 31, 2015, Yanni performed two concerts on the grounds of the Egyptian pyramids and Great Sphinx of Giza, his first performance in Egypt. The concerts included fireworks and a video broadcast from International Space Station commander Scott Kelly, and were recorded in 4K HD for subsequent broadcast on PBS. To convey an image of stable security after the Egyptian Crisis (2011–14), an Egyptian security force of 3,000 people secured the concert area.
In January 2016, Yanni released his eighteenth studio album, Sensuous Chill, which, being built around synthesizers, programmed rhythms and electronic sounds, was said to "come full circle" to his early-1980s albums.
Yanni's single, "When Dreams Come True", called a "minimal piano-led" piece, was composed incrementally throughout a 60-date North American tour as a series of improvisations performed during successive shows. Its first complete live performance was in February 2019 at the Winter at Tantora Festival in Al-`Ula, Saudi Arabia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Yanni's August 2019 single honoring his daughter Krystalán is called "Ladyhawk", alluding to how she watches over him like a guardian angel.
In November 2019, Yanni released single "Blue", taking inspiration from the ocean.
In the 2010s, Yanni's international tours included performances in over thirty countries on five continents, including (alphabetically) Argentina, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mexico, Oman, Panama, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States (including Puerto Rico), and Uzbekistan.
Influences, music and concerts
From childhood, Yanni accepted a wide variety of musical styles, listening to radio stations from Northern Africa, Arab countries, and Europe. He observed that "there were no rock stations or classical stations—each station would just play everything." Yanni's music is said to reflect his encounters with cultures around the world and embody his philosophy of "one world, one people." In this vein, Booth Newspapers' Jeffrey Kaczmarczyk perceived the eclectic inspirations of Yanni's music to be an element of his success: Yanni's "Middle Eastern and Oriental scales and mixed meters sound just exotic enough to entice his middle-of-the-road fans, but not so authentic as to mystify folks who grew up with a backbeat, so you can't lose it," adding that certain songs "leave you with a sense that you've just heard a bit of a steel drum or a Greek bouzouki or a Japanese koto or possibly all three."
Yanni's musical influences include music from Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East, as well as classical, rock and roll, and electronic music. Yanni explained that the 1970s, with its new technology and electronic instruments, were particularly influential at that stage in his career, and that even recently his Truth of Touch album (2011) was started by experimenting with new sound designs. Having been exposed to classical music very early in life—listening to Bach at age 8—he counts several classical pianists and composers among his influences, citing Beethoven as a favorite and Chopin as "No. 2 favorite." Yanni mentioned being influenced not only by classical composers like Mozart and Bach, but also rock and roll bands such as Led Zeppelin, the People!, and Black Sabbath.
Yanni explained that "the most influence I've ever had from music was doing (soundtracks for) movies ... mostly instrumental music," mentioning his love for the work of Jerry Goldsmith and John Williams. The Augusta Chronicle's Kelly Jasper noted that most of Yanni's music is instrumental, indicating that Yanni surmised that the lack of lyrics is what allowed his music to become popular internationally. Yanni went on to say, "There are no lyrics in my music for the most part, so the whole message is transmitted through the rhythm, melody, and sounds, and I think that has to do with crossing all the borders and being able to go to different countries." "It is very difficult, if not impossible, to lie with instrumental music because it deals in emotions only." He has also said that words operate in a different area of the brain, and lyrics "tend to put a song into a box."
However, Yanni performed with four vocalists in the forefront in Yanni Voices (2008–2009), and performed with vocalists on tours and in the Live at El Morro, Puerto Rico concerts (December 2011) and CD/DVD (2012). In late 2011 Yanni remarked that he tends to prefer instrumental music "because it's more open, but the human voice too can be the most expressive instrument known to man. There is power to it." Referring to his creative experiences on the 2009 Voices project, Yanni explained that "while most of the music I write is instrumental, I love to use the human voice as another instrument."
Music genres distinguished from the "new age" spiritual movement
While Yanni has said that new age is "a spiritual definition more than a musical definition," his music is said to be "adopted by" the New Age movement as it gained mainstream momentum. His music is also called contemporary instrumental and has been described as "an instrumental blend of fusion-jazz, world music, classical, and soft rock." However, at least as early as 1988, Yanni was said to shun labels such as "Greek" and "new age," emphasizing that "when someone says new age music, I think of something that you put on in the background while you're vacuuming the house. I don't want to relax the audience; I want to engage them in the music, get them interested." Distinguishing his work from what others have called ambient mood music, Yanni pointed out in 1994: "New age implies a more subdued, more relaxed music than what I do. My music can be very rhythmic, very energetic, even very ethnic."
In 2012, Yanni remarked that he has never liked putting art into categories or assigning labels, adding that he always composed music "to honestly reflect the lessons learned and the experiences I have shared throughout my life." For example, Yanni's university study of psychology influenced his music: "When I create music, it is a reflection of my soul, my experiences in life and my relationships with other people and cultures. Psychology, and understanding who we are as people in this world, is present in almost every creative thought I have."
Unconventional career track
The genre of Yanni's music made it unsuitable for most commercial radio or for music television. In 2012 Yanni expressed the importance of PBS to his career, saying that the network "always allowed me to present my music without any censorship or influence, and encouraged me to be the artist that I am," and had been "a great part of my career for over 20 years."
Yanni took an unconventional path to recognition, for example, by risking his personal fortune to fund historic-monument events such as his 1993 Acropolis concerts, by producing specials on public television, by creating alone in his home-built studio, and by performing many of his own production duties—thus by-passing the conventional music industry. In 2000, The Washington Post's David Segal wrote that Yanni was "a living metaphor for 'success on your own terms,' the dream of every American with an idea that is either ridiculed or ignored."
In an early-career review in the Dallas Times Herald in the late 1980s, Yanni's concert with the Dallas Symphony Orchestra was described as "exhilarating, moving and inspiring." In 1995, The Los Angeles Times' Don Heckman wrote that Yanni's music is "based on sweeping romantic melodies underscored with energetic Mediterranean rhythms." More analytically, the Hartford Courant's Steve Metcalf "deconstructed" Yanni's music as being "from a harmonic standpoint, constructed of materials found in a lot of late-19th, early 20th century classical music. It is essentially tonal, tinged with mild whiffs of dissonance here and there, sometimes rhythmically frisky, graspable on first listening, and self-evidently mood-inducing. There are two basic moods to Yanni music: struttingly heroic with martial overtones, and dreamily contemplative ... A kind of peaceful, easy-feeling link between pop music and classical music."
More recently, Allmusic's Mark Deming characterized Yanni's compositions and performances as having "a pronounced sense of drama, dynamics, and romanticism," writing that Yanni has a "commanding performance style." Rob Garratt wrote in The National that Yanni "breaks all the rules" in producing music "typically in two modes – poundingly heroic or reflectively ambient." In 2012 Howie Grapek remarked in The Palm Beach Post's PBPulse that "there are few modern-day composers with a unique sense of music and style which is truly their own. To compare new-age music with classic rock is a stretch, but for Yanni, it is possible. This Greek composer marries contemporary new-age spirituality with today's pop attitudes and delivers a unique sound." Yanni popularized the combination of electronic music synthesizers with a full scale symphony orchestra.
Having been called a "true global artist," Yanni has employed musicians of various nationalities, and has incorporated a variety of exotic instruments from around the world from an Australian didgeridoo to a Peruvian charango, to perform with his classical orchestra, rock rhythm section, and electronic keyboards. His music is described as "an eclectic fusion of ethnic sounds, from Native American chants to African rhythms and Asian harmonies." Before his 2015 concerts at the Egyptian Pyramids Yanni said that emotions are the same throughout the world, and that his predominantly instrumental music can communicate those emotions with people everywhere because it bypasses language.
The Morning Call's John L. Moser wrote that "trends come and trends go," but that Yanni's music "seems to defy trends and ... feels like it's music for all time." Moser interviewed the composer, asking if he intentionally tries to create "something that's going to last forever as opposed to something that's just going to sell 1 million copies right away," Yanni replied that "There's no way you can create art to last forever ... so you can't have that in your mind." Instead, describing his creative process, Yanni explained that his knowledge of music and instruments and his experience in different cultures is a "primordial soup that comes together and it shows itself and it appears. And it's fluid. It's effortless."
Yanni's popularity with the public and his success on public television have contrasted sharply with views of some critics. The more extreme criticisms include statements that Yanni's music is "aural wallpaper ... lacking in substance" or characterizing Yanni as a "no-talent poseur" whose music has little intellectual weight, while his fans' opinions have been paraphrased as calling Yanni a "highly original artist whose profound spirituality has created a unique kind of music." In this regard, one commentator wrote in 2019 that Yanni's songs are "hazy and undefinable" and "unstructured in the traditional way", paraphrasing Yanni's statement that listeners' responses depend on the degree to which they "invest themselves in the music", which has a "relentless focus on feeling rather than hooks".
Yanni claims to have had perfect pitch since childhood. He continues to use the "musical shorthand" that he developed as a child rather than employ traditional musical notation, and hires someone to perform the tedious process of making conventional written charts for orchestra members. Even so, since music is an auditory domain, Yanni must train the musicians in what cannot be conveyed in that writing.
Concerts and live streaming
The Palm Beach Post's Howie Grapek remarked about an April 2012 performance that the show was not a one-man keyboard show, but spotlighted individual long solos showcasing the band members' talents, and that Yanni "loves giving them the opportunity to shine individually." Booth Newspapers' Jeffrey Kaczmarczyk commented that Yanni "has great sidemen – always has." Further, Yanni expands sound variety by using multiple interchangeable keyboards that are interconnected so that playing one keyboard can cause other keyboards to play corresponding notes emulating different instruments.
Yanni's concerts, known for their lighting and other technical aspects, require over 2,000 timing cues for a show's lighting. Yanni's longtime lighting designer remarked in 2013 that the lighting is critically timed to Yanni's music itself, accommodating its variety of time signatures, further observing that since Yanni plays mostly theatrical venues rather than arenas, the lighting can include subtle moves and color. The lighting also emphasizes band members' solos, as well as specific moments in the concerts.
Commenting on Yanni's "great lighting" on the stage and "plenty of reverb in the audience," Booth Newspapers' Jeffrey Kaczmarczyk remarked that a Yanni concert "can be an intoxicating experience."
In early 2017 Yanni began his "An Evening in Conversation with Yanni" or "An intimate Conversation with Yanni" tour in which audience questions and on-stage participation guided the show, and Yanni played a piano without a band. In May-June 2019, Yanni performed a multi-night residency at New York’s Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, two videos for which topped Billboard's Top Facebook Live Videos chart before other Yanni videos topped the same chart in October December 2019, and February 2020.
Honors, awards and distinctions
In addition to performing at historic venues such as Royal Albert Hall (London; 1995 & 2014), Yanni has been permitted to perform at such world landmarks as the Acropolis of Athens (Greece; 1993), the Taj Mahal (Agra, India; 1997), the Forbidden City (Beijing, China; 1997), the Burj Khalifa (the world's tallest building; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; 2011), the Kremlin (Moscow, Russia; 2011), the Castillo San Felipe del Morro ("El Morro" UNESCO World Heritage Site, in San Juan, Puerto Rico, U.S. territory; 2011), the ancient city of Byblos (UNESCO World Heritage Site, Lebanon; 2013), the Roman Theatre of Carthage (Tunis, Tunisia; 2014), Laxmi Vilas Palace (Vadodara, India; 2015), the Egyptian pyramids and Great Sphinx of Giza (Egypt, 2015), the Amman Citadel (Jordan, 2016), the Prambanan Temple (Indonesia, 2019) and Al-`Ula (UNESCO World Heritage Site, Saudi Arabia; 2019).
Rising in popularity with the new age music boom of the 1980s and 1990s, Yanni's music became more well known through adult alternative radio airplay, appearances on public television and in television commercials, as well as international music tours. Yanni's music has been used in television shows and televised sporting events, including the British Open (golf), the Super Bowl, Wide World of Sports, U.S. Open tennis championships, the U.S. Open (golf), the Tour de France, the World Figure Skating Championships and the Olympic Games. He also wrote music for ABC's World News Now.
Yanni's "Acroyali/Standing in Motion" was determined to have the "Mozart effect" by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (April 2001) because the composition is similar to Mozart's K 448 in tempo, structure, melodic and harmonic consonance and predictability, characteristics thought to decrease seizure activity and to enhance spatial-temporal performance.
During Yanni's October 2011 tour of China, Yanni became the first Western artist to be invited to adopt a giant panda (bear) cub at the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, a "privilege ... usually reserved for countries rather than personalities." "Officials from the research base invited the musician to adopt the animal, saying their decision was made from the inspiration and harmony that derives from his music." Yanni named the panda "Santorini," also the name of a Greek island, explaining that the Greek word irini means 'peace'."
In February 2013, Yanni and Celine Dion were the first non-Chinese artists invited to perform (separately) in China at the CCTV Spring Festival Gala, a CCTV televised event with an annual audience of 700 million.
Billboard named Yanni their No. 5 "new age album artist of 2016". He was named to the same list in 2014 (No. 6), 2012 (ranked No. 5), 2011 (No. 1), 2010 (No. 4), 2009 (No. 3), 2007 (No. 4), and 2006 (No. 4).
The PBS specials Live at the Acropolis and Tribute received Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Lighting Direction (Electronic) for a Drama Series, Variety Series, Miniseries, Movie or Special, in 1994 and 1998, respectively. Lee Rose and David "Gurn" Kaniski Lighting Designers.
In addition to earning a B.A. in psychology in 1976 from the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Yanni received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from the same institution on May 6, 2004.
Charitable and humanitarian activities
Yanni has had a collaborative relationship with the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in its fundraising efforts since the early years of his career, reportedly raising more than $13 million for that organization. The Yanni Live at El Morro, Puerto Rico production (2012) was Yanni's tenth collaboration with PBS.
Yanni has assisted the conservation efforts of the World Wide Fund for Nature (the World Wildlife Fund, WWF), sponsoring a symbolic "Panda Adoption Kit" program in which he guaranteed $50,000 in donations. Yanni has also been a spokesman for NASA.
Yanni has performed concerts in troubled areas of the world, such as in Tunisia one week after the July 17, 2014, terrorist attack that killed 14, and in Egypt to convey an image of stable security after the Egyptian Crisis (2011–14) but between whose two Great Pyramids concerts occurred the October 31, 2015, terrorist downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 in the Sinai Peninsula.
Yanni's autobiography, Yanni in Words, co-authored by David Rensin, was published in February 2003, coinciding with the release of his Ethnicity album. The book became a New York Times best seller in the nonfiction category on March 2, 2003.
Original studio albums
- Optimystique (1984)
- Keys to Imagination (1986)
- Out of Silence (1987)
- Chameleon Days (1988)
- Niki Nana (1989)
- Reflections of Passion (1990)
- In Celebration of Life (1991)
- Dare to Dream (1992)
- In My Time (1993)
- If I Could Tell You (2000)
- Ethnicity (2003)
- Yanni Voices and Yanni Voces (Spanish version) (2009)
- Mexicanisimo (2010)
- Truth of Touch (2011)
- Inspirato (2014)
- Sensuous Chill (2016)
- Live at the Acropolis (1994)
- Tribute (1997)
- Yanni Live! The Concert Event (2006)
- Live at El Morro, Puerto Rico (2012)
- The Dream Concert: Live from the Great Pyramids of Egypt (2016)
- Yanni; Rensin, David (2002). Yanni in Words. New York: Miramax Books / Hyperion. Page 10 ("our name, Chryssomallis, means golden hair") and page 17 ("In English my name means John ... In proper Greek, if you were to talk about me, you'd refer to me as Yiannis ... Speaking to me, you'd call me Yanni.").
- Deming, Mark, "Yanni" / "Biography" (WebCite archive), Allmusic, written in 2011 or in 2012 before archive date of April 29, 2012.
- Puckett, Jeffrey Lee, "Yanni up close: Musician known for larger-than-life venues also loves the Louisville Palace" (WebCite archive (full article)), The Courier-Journal, April 26, 2012.
- Catlin, Roger, "New Age Artists Want A New Label" page 1 at WebCite (archived 2012-07-11) and page 2 at WebCite (archived 2012-07-11), Hartford Courant, April 26, 1992.
- Kot, Greg, "7 Million Yanni Fans Can't Be Wrong! / Or Can They?" (WebCite archives of pages 1, 2, and 3), Chicago Tribune, February 15, 1998.
- Wager, Greg, "Artists Bring a Variety of Styles to New-Age Music" (WebCite archive), Los Angeles Times, December 2, 1988.
- Metcalf, Steve, "As An Aid To Understanding, We Deconstruct / Yanni" Page 1 at WebCite (archived 2012-07-09) and Page 2 at WebCite (archived 2012-07-09), Hartford Courant, June 25, 1995.
- McCulloch, Craig, "Yanni is Idol of New Age Instrumental Music - 2003-06-15" (WebCite archive), Voice of America News, June 15, 2003.
- "Famous Greeks / Yanni" (WebCite archive of 2012-07-10), Hellenism.net, publication date unknown.
- Jasper, Kelly, "Yanni to bring world music to Augusta fans" (WebCite archive), The Augusta Chronicle, May 22, 2012.
- Segal, David, "Yanni's Back—and Ready for a Group Hug With the World" (WebCite archives of page 1 and page 2), Los Angeles Times, October 24, 2000.
- Burnett, Richard, "From the Acropolis to America, Yanni still sits on top of the world" (WebCite archive), The Gazette (Montreal), June 14, 2012.
- Klangboonkrong, Manta, "On a high with Yanni" (WebCite archive), The Nation (Thailand), October 13, 2011.
- Bekheet, Diaa, "Yanni’s North America Tour, Truth of Touch" (WebCite archive), Voice of America News, Jazz Beat, January 23, 2012.
- Rai, Bindu Suresh, "Burj Khalifa: Yanni's next landmark concert venue" (WebCite archive), Emirates 24/7, September 21, 2011.
- "Kremlin Palace / Tuesday, Nov. 01, 2011" (WebCite archive), pollstar.com. ● "Yanni live in Moscow, Russian Federation" (WebCite archive), bandsintown.com.
- "Yanni to play at CMAC in June" (WebCite archive), Finger Lakes Times, December 12, 2011. ● "Mañana inicia venta de boletos para concierto de Yanni en El Morro" (Tomorrow begins concert tickets sales for Yanni in El Morro) (WebCite archive), PrimeraHora, September 23, 2011.
- Ghandour Hert, Maya, "Yanni, mi-homme-orchestre, mi-chef d’orchestre" (WebCite archive), L'Orient-Le Jour, July 2, 2013. (UNESCO WHC).
- Zine, Imen, "Tunis : Yanni, «The crazy musician» qui a conquis nos cœurs et nos âmes!" (WebCite archive), L'Économiste maghrébin, July 23, 2014.
- "Musical genius Yanni enthralls audience at Vadodara Fest" (WebCite archive), Z News (India), January 24, 2015.
- "In pictures: Yanni brings ancient Cairo to life with his magnificent music". Al Bawaba. November 1, 2015. Archived from the original on November 2, 2015. (Video).
- "3,000 security personnel to secure Yanni's 'Dream Concert' at pyramids". The Cairo Post, a Youm7 Publication. October 22, 2015. Archived from the original on October 23, 2015.
- Freij, Muath (September 25, 2016). "Yanni hopes his music does Amman's historic Citadel justice at tonight's debut concert". Al Bawaba. Archived from the original on September 26, 2016.
- Caulfield, Keith (February 12, 2016). "Billboard 200 Chart Moves". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016.
- WebCite and Wayback Machine archives of concert tour schedules on MTV(1), MTV(2), concerttour.org, concerttour.net, pollstar(1) pollstar(2), concertful(1), concertful(2), and/or bandsintown(1), bandsintown(2). Find specific WebCite archive dates using drop-down list in upper right. ● Wayback Machine archives are at the Internet archive (archive.org). ● See references in Yanni discography#Live albums/tours/videography for links re concerts in specific countries.
- "Yanni Returns to the Segerstrom Center for U.S. Tour" (WebCite archive), Broadway World, September 2, 2015.
- "A Conversation with Yanni" (WebCite archive), Grammy Museum, circa September 2014.
- Sickler, Linda, "Yanni to Savannah: 'I can't wait to see you'" (WebCite archive), Savannah Morning News, (SavannahNow.com), May 26, 2012.
- Heckman, Don, "Sound Philosophy: New Age luminary Yanni reflects on his musical exploration, the struggles of the planet and performing at the base of the Parthenon" (WebCite archive), Los Angeles Times, June 13, 1993.
- Myers, Alex, "Enough about Johnny. Is this the last U.S. Open to feature Yanni? The story behind one of sports' greatest theme songs" (WebCite archive), Golf Digest, June 12, 2014. • Myers, Alex, "Yanni's 'In Celebration of Man' is back—and it's as glorious as ever," (archive), Golf Digest, July 14, 2016.
- "World famous composer Yanni to perform in India soon" (WebCite archive), Daily News and Analysis (DNA) India, January 22, 2015.
- Francisco, Mollee, "Let's Go: Around the world with Yanni" (WebCite archive), The Chanhassen Villager, April 28, 2012.
- Winters, Kelly (2004). "Yanni". Cengage Learning's Gale Publishing. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016.
- Yanni; Rensin, David (2002). Yanni in Words. New York: Miramax Books / Hyperion. p. 13.
- DelaGarza, Mari, "Yanni's Winning Virtues," The (Fort Wayne, Ind.) News-Sentinel, March 11, 2004 (News-Sentinel document ID 10143A590B0C184F).
- WebCite archive of transcript of Yanni's May 6, 2004 speech accepting honorary degree at the Wayback Machine (archived July 4, 2007), posted to alumni section of University of Minnesota website.
- Deming, Mark, "Yanni", (WebCite archive), Billboard, after 2014 release of Inspirato.
- Lounges, Tom (January 28, 2016). "Global superstar Yanni's Region rock past". The Times of Northwest Indiana. Archived from the original on May 11, 2016.
- Moser, John L. (interviewer), "Yanni speaks: World music icon talks about influences, the foibles of fame, and his future" (WebCite archive), The Morning Call's "Lehigh Valley Music," June 22, 2012.
- "Yanni (Yanni Hrisomallis) - musician who works in the style of New Age under the pseudonym Yanni", Greek.ru, June 19, 2010 or earlier (date based on date of archive.org's archive).
- Sanders, Linda, Selling Passion (WebCite archive), Entertainment Weekly, Issue 49, January 18, 1991.
- Gliatto, Tom, "From Krystle to Blissful" (WebCite archive), People, November 26, 1990.
- Heckman, Don, "No Yanni Come Lately: It Was a Long Trip From Obscure Immigrant to Orchestral Pop Superstar, Though the Learning Continues" (WebCite archive), Los Angeles Times, May 27, 1995.
- Widran, Jonathan, "Yanni / Live at the Acropolis / review" (WebCite archive), Allmusic, 1994 or later.
- Dallafar, Arlene (2001). Making it in America: A Sourcebook on Eminent Ethnic Americans. Santa Barbara, California: ABC - CLIO. pp. 320. ISBN 9781576070987.
- Maher, Jack, "Yanni set to perform at Red Rocks in July" (WebCite archive), KUSA (TV) (9News.com), May 21, 2012.
- Chu, Henry, "Yanni Opens the Door to the Forbidden City" (WebCite archive), Los Angeles Times, May 30, 1997.
- Joyce, Mike (January 30, 1998). "The Wide World of Yanni". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 14, 2017.
- Ryan, Joal. "Soul Mates Yanni and Linda Evans Uncouple". Eonline.com. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- Wright, Carol (interviewer), "Greek Mystique: The Enigmatic Yanni Shares the Secrets of His Success" (WebCite archive), "Artist Interview" published in Music section of BarnesAndNoble.com, 2000 (exact date not specified).
- "Yanni presenta su ambiciosa gira" (Yanni introduces an ambitious tour) (WebCite archive), Terra Networks Mexico, dated April 4, 2007 (sic; probably was actually 2003).
- Gleeman, Aaron, "Diary of a Madman (World Series, Game Five)" (WebCite archive), AaronGleeman.com, October 24/25, 2003.
- Cohen, Jonathan (November 14, 2008). "Yanni Brings 'Voices' To Disney". Billboard Magazine (billboard.com). Retrieved November 16, 2008. (WebCite archive). Vocalists are Nathan Pacheco, Chloe, Ender Thomas and Leslie Mills.
- "Yanni desgrana lo mejor del repertorio popular mexicano" (Yanni reels off the best of Mexican folk repertoire) (WebCite archive), Circuito Unión Radio (UnionRadio.net, Venezuela), October 18, 2010.
- Budzak, Gary, "Concert Review | Yanni: Artist, orchestra put on positive show" (WebCite archive), The Columbus Dispatch, May 9, 2012.
- Olsen, John P., "Yanni Truth Of Touch album review" (Webcite archive), New Age Music World, January 24, 2012.
- Monger, James Christopher, "Truth of Touch / review" (WebCite archive), Allmusic, circa 2011.
- "Yanni: Live At El Morro" (WebCite archive), KPBS, June 4, 2012.
- "Celine Dion to sing Mo Li Hua for CCTV New Year's Gala" (WebCite archive), WantChinaTimes branch of China Times (Taiwan), February 1, 2013.
- "CCTV Spring Festival Evening program guide (bilingual)" (WebCite archive), China Daily, February 8, 2013.
- "CCTV Gala line-up unveiled" (WebCite archive), English-language part of China Network Television, February 9, 2013.
- Craveiro, Rodrigo, "Em show em São Paulo, pianista Yanni fez passeio por sucessos da carreira" (In a Sao Paulo show, pianist Yanni goes for the success of a career), Correio Braziliense, published September 23, 2010 (WebCite archive), mentions vocalists Lisa Lavie and Ann McCormack (distinct from the Yanni Voices vocalists). ● See also archives of Yanni.com's Artists page at WebCite (archived 2010-11-10) and Tour Schedule at WebCite (archived 2010-09-12). Vocalists Lisa Lavie and Lauren Jelencovich performed in the Puerto Rico show and subsequent tours of Mexico, Canada, the U.S., Eastern Europe and Asia.
- "Inspirato" (WebCite archive), Allmusic album description page cites the "international" release date of March 24, 2014.
- Patel, Neel V. (November 3, 2015). "Message From Outer Space Interrupts Yanni's Concert at the Pyramids". Inverse. Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. • Muscara, Aprille (November 3, 2015). "A message from Yanni's friend from Space!". Al Bawaba. Archived from the original on November 4, 2015.
- Music News Desk (November 5, 2015). "Yanni Performs Historic Concert at the Great Pyramids in Egypt". Broadway World. Archived from the original on November 7, 2015.
- "NASA Video Celebrates Space Station Anniversary". The Wall Street Journal. December 27, 2015. Archived from the original on December 27, 2015.
- Sculley, Alan (July 8, 2016). "Yanni, playing at Sands, re-embraces electronic instrumentation". mcall.com. The Morning Call. Archived from the original on July 8, 2016.
- Saeed, Saeed (February 26, 2019). "Yanni: 'Tolerance is not a luxury, it is a necessity'". The National. United Arab Emirates. Archived from the original on February 27, 2019.
- Tashkandi, Hala (February 9, 2019). "Yanni wows Al-Ula, 'the place where dreams begin'". Arab News. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019.
- "Legendary musician Yanni releases new song inspired by his daughter". Neos Kosmos. Greece. September 4, 2019. Archived from the original on September 9, 2019.
- "Yanni: 'Saudis will help country take its rightful place in the world'". Arab News. December 9, 2017. Archived from the original on December 9, 2017.
... concerts in Jeddah, Riyadh and Dhahran.
- Kaczmarczyk, Jeffrey, "Yanni leaves DeVos Performance Hall audience hungry for more in Monday's appearance in Grand Rapids" (WebCite archive), Booth Newspapers (Grand Rapids, Michigan) (mLive.com), May 8, 2012.
- Downey, Kevin, "Yanni talks 'Touch' and returning to instrumental music" (WebCite archive), The Arizona Republic, July 11, 2012.
- Heckman, Don, "Trends: New Age Enters a New Phase: Call it what you want, but the sound of Yanni and his similarly minded pals ... is reaching far beyond its old image of ambient mood music" (WebCite archive), Los Angeles Times, February 27, 1994.
- Moehlis, Jeff, "Interview: Yanni" (WebCite archive), interview referenced in Santa Barbara Noozhawk July 24, 2012 after being posted in Music-Illuminati July 16, 2012.
- Garratt, Rob (September 25, 2016). "Greek superstar Yanni: 'My music is not just for entertainment – it goes beyond that'". United Arab Emirates: The National. Archived from the original on September 26, 2016.
- Grapek, Howie, "Yanni makes classic rock fan appreciate new-age style" (link updated July 24, 2012), (WebCite archive of original link), "The Palm Beach Pulse" (PBPulse) section of The Palm Beach Post, April 18, 2012.
- "Greek superstar talks music at Cairo conference" (WebCite archive), Al Bawaba, Al-Ahram Publishing House, October 29, 2015.
- "Yanni: Master Class - Keyboard techniques and sound design". Yanni "Master Class" series. July 29, 2016. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016.
- Burke, David, "Yanni brings world of experience to concert" (WebCite archive), Quad-City Times, May 3, 2012.
- Muhlfriedel, Marina (July 31, 2016). "The Magic of Concert Lighting with Bud Horowitz, Lighting Designer for Yanni". Harman (interviewing). Archived from the original on August 4, 2016.
- "On the Road | Bud Horowitz, Production Designer/LD for Yanni" (WebCite archive), Projection, Lights and Staging News (PLSN), February 2013 issue.
- BWW News Desk (February 7, 2017). "State Theatre presents An Evening In Conversation With Yanni and his Piano". Broadway World. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017.
- Ferak, John (October 30, 2017). "Yanni's Sold Out Rialto Concert Considered Rousing Success". Patch Media. Archived from the original on October 31, 2017.
- Rutherford, Kevin (July 18, 2019). "Yanni Rules Top Facebook Live Videos Chart for Second Straight Month". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 21, 2019.
- Rutherford, Kevin (November 20, 2019). "Yanni Leads Top Facebook Live Videos Chart for Third Time". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 28, 2019.
- Rutherford, Kevin (January 17, 2020). "Yanni's Soundcheck Clips Take Top Three of Top Facebook Live Videos Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 21, 2020.
- Rutherford, Kevin (March 20, 2020). "Yanni Rules Top Facebook Live Videos Chart for Fifth Time". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 23, 2020.
- Olsen, John P., "Yanni Concert – Live on PBS" (WebCite archive), New Age Music World, February 29, 2012.
- Aprilia, Kissy (July 7, 2019). "Momen Magis di Acara Musik Prambanan Jazz Festival 2019 (Magical Moments at the 2019 Prambanan Jazz Festival Music Show)". Cosmopolitan (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on July 10, 2019. Performance at Prambanan temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ● Sudiarno, Tarko (July 11, 2019). "2019 Prambanan Jazz Festival showcases entrancing combination of the modern and the traditional". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on July 12, 2019.
- The Forecaddie (June 25, 2019). "Forecaddie: Bagpipes out, Irish flute in for NBC's Portrush coverage". Golfweek. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Composition: "In Celebration of Man".
- "The Mozart effect" (live link is outdated, but WebCite archive of 2012-07-06 contains specific reference to this song), Epilepsy Action (epilepsy.org.uk), date unspecified, after its citation to April 2001 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine article, but before September 2010 "update" date. Archive in the Wayback Machine.
- Davidson, Mike (reporting), "Greek musician Yanni adopts panda." (WebCite archive—video on left; click on "(Transcript)" on right), Reuters, October 12, 2011.
- "Greek musician Yanni adopts panda" (WebCite archive), Sky News Australia, October 12, 2011.
- "Best of 2012 / New Age Album Artists", Billboard (magazine). To see previous years' listings, manually change the 4-digit year in the URL to the desired year (Billboard archives go back to 2006 only). • (Archives for 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 and 2006)
- "Yanni: Live At The Acropolis / PBS / Awards & Nominations" (WebCite archive), Emmys.com, 1994.
- "Yanni: Tribute / PBS / Awards & Nominations" (WebCite archive), Emmys.com, 1998.
- "Time to Commence Fewer Rich and Famous Speakers Grace Graduation Ceremonies, but the Smiles of Newly Minted Alumni Shine as Brightly as Ever" (WebCite archive), St. Paul Pioneer Press, May 8, 2004.
- Ellwood, Pip, "Yanni to play first UK date in 19 years" (WebCite archive), Entertainment Focus Music News, November 19, 2013.
- "Adopt a WWF & Yanni “Santorini” Panda" in the "Gift Center" of the World Wide Fund for Nature (World Wildlife Fund) (WWF) website. Accessed January 22, 2014. WebCite archive of 2012-04-09.
- Werman, Marco (February 2, 2016). "Yanni — a solution to global stress?". Public Radio International (PRI). Archived from the original on February 4, 2016.
- "Best Sellers: March 2, 2003 / Nonfiction" (WebCite archive), The New York Times, March 2, 2003.
- Yanni with David Rensin, Yanni in Words, Miramax Books / Hyperion, New York, 2003.
- Winters, Kelly, Yanni biography (2004), Cengage Learning's Gale Publishing. (archive)
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