Yanqi Hui Autonomous County

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Yanqi Hui Autonomous County
焉耆回族自治县 (Chinese)
ﻳﯾًﺎ چِ ﺧُﻮِ ذُﻮْ ذِ جِ ﺷِﯿًﺎ (Xiao'erjing)
يەنجى خۇيزۇ ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى (Uighur)
Kara Shahr; Yenki
Mosque in the city center of Yanqi
Mosque in the city center of Yanqi
Yanqi County (red) within Bayin'gholin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yanqi County (red) within Bayin'gholin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Yanqi is located in Bayingolin
Yanqi
Yanqi
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 42°03′35″N 86°34′27″E / 42.0598°N 86.5741°E / 42.0598; 86.5741Coordinates: 42°03′35″N 86°34′27″E / 42.0598°N 86.5741°E / 42.0598; 86.5741
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureBayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Yanqi Hui Autonomous County
Kaidu river yanqi xinjiang.jpg
Kaidu River (开都河), ancient name Liusha River (流沙河), in the seat of Yanqi
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese焉耆回族自治县
Traditional Chinese焉耆回族自治縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurيەنجى خۇيزۇ ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى

Yanqi Hui Autonomous County (Uyghur: Qarasheher, Karashahr) is an autonomous county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. It has an area of 2,429 km2 (938 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 120,000. The Qigexing Buddhist Temple Ruins are located in Yanqi County, about 25–30 km (16–19 mi) southwest of the town of Yanqi.

Administrative division[edit]

The autonomous county contains four towns and four townships:[citation needed]

Towns:

Townships:

  • Beidaqu (北大渠乡; Běi Xiāng; 'Northern Great Canal Village' / بېيداچا يېزىسى), six villages, 9.026 inhabitants (2000);
  • Wuhaoqu (五号渠乡; hào xiāng; 'Fifth Canal Village' / ئۇخاۋچا يېزىسى), one residential community and nine villages, 14.791 inhabitants (2000);
  • Qagan Qehe (查汗采开乡; Cháhàn Cǎikāi Xiāng / چاغانچېكە يېزىسى), four villages, 5.841 inhabitants (2000);
  • Borhoi (包尔海乡; Bāoěrhǎi Xiāng / بورقاي يېزىسى), five villages, 6.614 inhabitants (2000).

In addition, there three state owned operations in the county (2000):

  • State farm (for pasture farming) Wangjiazhuang (王家庄牧场; Wángjiāzhuāngchǎng / ۋاڭجياجۇاڭ چارۋىچىلىق فېرمىسى), 1.221 inhabitants,
  • Breeding farm for the Suhai breed (苏海良种场; hǎi Liángzhǒng Chǎng), 1.555 inhabitants,
  • Production and Construction Corps Number 27 (兵团27团; Bīngtuán 27 Tuán / 27-تۇەن مەيدانى), 9.895 inhabitants

Demographics[edit]

The proportion of nationalities in Yanqi Hui Autonomous County, 2018
Nationality Percentage
Han People
37.5%
Uyghurs
35.0%
Hui People
24.3%
Mongols
2.3%
Others
0.9%
Source of the population statistics :[1]

History[edit]

See Karasahr.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Yanqi (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
12.6
(54.7)
24.1
(75.4)
33.6
(92.5)
34.9
(94.8)
36.1
(97.0)
38.8
(101.8)
38.8
(101.8)
34.6
(94.3)
28.3
(82.9)
18.5
(65.3)
7.4
(45.3)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
3.4
(38.1)
12.2
(54.0)
20.7
(69.3)
26.1
(79.0)
29.5
(85.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.1
(86.2)
25.4
(77.7)
17.7
(63.9)
7.7
(45.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
16.5
(61.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.9
(12.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
4.1
(39.4)
12.7
(54.9)
18.5
(65.3)
22.2
(72.0)
23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
17.1
(62.8)
9.2
(48.6)
0.4
(32.7)
−7.7
(18.1)
8.9
(48.0)
Average low °C (°F) −16.5
(2.3)
−11.6
(11.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.5
(40.1)
10.8
(51.4)
14.9
(58.8)
16.4
(61.5)
15.0
(59.0)
9.6
(49.3)
2.3
(36.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−12.4
(9.7)
2.0
(35.7)
Record low °C (°F) −26.8
(−16.2)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−16.4
(2.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.7
(40.5)
7.2
(45.0)
6.0
(42.8)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−26.8
(−16.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.5
(0.06)
2.0
(0.08)
2.0
(0.08)
4.1
(0.16)
11.7
(0.46)
15.5
(0.61)
18.6
(0.73)
12.7
(0.50)
9.5
(0.37)
4.7
(0.19)
0.7
(0.03)
1.3
(0.05)
84.3
(3.32)
Average relative humidity (%) 75 61 47 41 43 49 55 55 58 62 70 76 58
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[2]

Economy[edit]

The county economy is predominantly agricultural with 13,000 hectares used to cultivate red pepper.[3] The county is considered the most important area for red pepper production in China.[3] During the red pepper harvest season beginning in September, the county is home to the remarkable sight of drying peppers sitting in the Gobi Desert "as far as the eye can see".[3]

As of 1885, there was about 25,300 acres (167,805 mu) of cultivated land in Kara Shahr.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  2. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "Yanqi Hui county starts 13000 hectare red pepper bumper harvest". China News Xinjiang. September 19, 2017.
  4. ^ Herold J. Wiens (November 1966). "Cultivation Development and Expansion in China's Colonial Realm in Central Asia". The Journal of Asian Studies. 26 (1): 75. JSTOR 2051832 – via JSTOR.