Yanshi

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Yanshi
偃师市
County-level city
Country China
Province Henan
Prefecture-level city Luoyang
Population (2003)
 • Total 830,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Yanshi (Chinese: 偃师; pinyin: Yǎnshī) is a county-level city administered by the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in western Henan province in the People's Republic of China. Yanshi lies on the Luo River.

Archaeological sites[edit]

There are two important archaeological sites in this area.

Erlitou site[edit]

The Erlitou culture (1900–1500 BC) was discovered in Yanshi in 1959.[1] Erlitou is the name of the modern village nearby; the traditional name of the settlement was Zhenxun (斟鄩, Zhēnxún).

Yanshi Shang City[edit]

In 1983, a walled city dating from 1600 BC was found 6 km (3.7 mi) north-east of the Erlitou site in Yanshi's Shixianggou Township.[1] This city, now known as Yanshi Shang City (偃师商城, Yǎnshī Shāngchéng), had an area of nearly 200 ha (490 acres) and featured pottery characteristic of the Erligang culture.[2] Some scholars—including the Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project[2]—identify it with the first Shang dynasty capital, Western Bo (西亳, Xībó) which was traditionally credited to King Tang after his defeat of the Xia dynasty.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Liu, Li; Xu, Hong (2007). "Rethinking Erlitou: legend, history and Chinese archaeology". Antiquity 81 (314): 886–901. 
  2. ^ a b Lee, Yun Kuen (2002). "Building the chronology of early Chinese history". Asian Perspectives: the Journal of Archaeology for Asia and the Pacific 41 (1): 15–42. doi:10.1353/asi.2002.0006. 
  3. ^ Schinz, Alfred (1996). The magic square: cities in ancient China. Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 978-3-930698-02-8. 

Coordinates: 34°44′N 112°47′E / 34.733°N 112.783°E / 34.733; 112.783