Yanshi

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Yanshi

偃师市
Yanshi is located in Henan
Yanshi
Yanshi
Location in Henan
Coordinates: 34°43′37″N 112°47′24″E / 34.727°N 112.790°E / 34.727; 112.790Coordinates: 34°43′37″N 112°47′24″E / 34.727°N 112.790°E / 34.727; 112.790
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHenan
Prefecture-level cityLuoyang
Area
 • Total888 km2 (343 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total572,900
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
471900

Yanshi (simplified Chinese: 偃师; traditional Chinese: 偃師; pinyin: Yǎnshī) is a county-level city administered by the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in western Henan province, China. Yanshi lies on the Luo River and is the easternmost county-level division of Luoyang.

History[edit]

After the Zhou conquest of Shang in mid-11th century BC, King Wu of Zhou founded a garrison town to the east of modern Yanshi to accommodate some of the campaigning troops. The name "Yanshi" is short of "settling down the Rong army" (息偃戎师). When Qin annexed Zhou in 256 BC, Yanshi County was established. The county's borders underwent several changes over the course of history. In 1993, Yanshi County became the county-level Yanshi City.[3]

Administrative divisions[edit]

As 2012, this city is divided to 11 towns and 3 townships.[4]

Towns
Townships

Archaeological sites[edit]

There are two important archaeological sites in this area.

Erlitou site[edit]

The Erlitou culture (1900–1500 BC) was discovered in Yanshi in 1959.[5] Erlitou is the name of the modern village nearby; the traditional name of the settlement was Zhenxun (斟鄩, Zhēnxún).

Yanshi Shang City[edit]

In 1983, a walled city dating from 1600 BC was found 6 km (3.7 mi) north-east of the Erlitou site in Yanshi's Shixianggou Township.[5] This city, now known as Yanshi Shang City (偃师商城, Yǎnshī Shāngchéng), had an area of nearly 200 ha (490 acres) and featured pottery characteristic of the Erligang culture.[6] Some scholars—including the Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project[6]—identify it with the first Shang dynasty capital, Western Bo (西亳, Xībó) which was traditionally credited to King Tang after his defeat of the Xia dynasty.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. ^ 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  3. ^ "历史人文". Yanshi City Government. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  4. ^ 洛阳市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
  5. ^ a b Liu, Li; Xu, Hong (2007). "Rethinking Erlitou: legend, history and Chinese archaeology". Antiquity. 81 (314): 886–901. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00095983. hdl:1959.9/58390.
  6. ^ a b Lee, Yun Kuen (2002). "Building the chronology of early Chinese history". Asian Perspectives. 41 (1): 15–42. doi:10.1353/asi.2002.0006. hdl:10125/17161.
  7. ^ Schinz, Alfred (1996). The magic square: cities in ancient China. Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 978-3-930698-02-8.