Yantian District

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Yantian
盐田区
Yantian District seen from Wutong Mountain
Yantian District seen from Wutong Mountain
Yantian District (highlighted in blue) in Shenzhen
Yantian District (highlighted in blue) in Shenzhen
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
Sub-provincial cityShenzhen
Area
 • Total72.63 km2 (28.04 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total237,200
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
518083
Area code0755
Licence plates粤B
Websiteenglish.yantian.gov.cn

Yantian District (simplified Chinese: 盐田区; traditional Chinese: 鹽田區; pinyin: Yántián Qū; Jyutping: Jim4tin4 Keoi1) is one of the nine districts of the city of Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. It is adjacent to Shenzhen River and Hong Kong to the south, and is surrounded by Luohu, Longgang and Pingshan districts of Shenzhen.

Before 1960s, the northern part of the district belonged to Huiyang County (now Huiyang District, Huizhou). The famous Huizhou Uprising launched by Dr. Sun Yat-sen started in the northern part of the district during 1900. The failure of the revolution had inspired Dr. Sun to revolt against the Qing Imperial. Qing Dynasty soon ended in 1912 after the Wuchang Uprising.

Due to the proximity to Bao'an County, Northern Yantian merged into the new County in 1960s. In 1978, after the establishment of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone(SEZ), Yantian (as a part of Luohu District), together with several other districts in Bao'an County, formed the new special economic district. In March 1998, Yantian separated from Luohu District after the construction of Yantian Port Area of Shenzhen Port.

Subdistricts[edit]

The size of Yantian district is about 72.63 km2 (28.04 sq mi), divided into four subdistricts:

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Canton Romanization Population (2010)[1] Area (km2)
Haishan Subdistrict 海山街道 Hǎishān Jiēdào hoi2 san1 gai1 dou6 61,858 5.52
Yantian Subdistrict 盐田街道 Yántián Jiēdào yim4 tin4 gai1 dou6 80,641 17.8
Meisha Subdistrict 梅沙街道 Méishā Jiēdào mui4 sa1 gai1 dou6 18,063 16.83
Shatoujiao Subdistrict 沙头角街道 Shātóujiǎo Jiēdào sa1 teo4 gog3 gai1 dou6 48,798 6.91

Located on Mirs Bay, Yantian is the location of some of Shenzhen's best-known tourist beaches, Dameisha and Xiaomeisha. Yantian Port Area is also located within the district.[2]

Economy[edit]

Vanke is headquartered in Vanke Center (万科中心) in Dameisha, Yantian District.[3]

Yantian Port

Industrial zone[edit]

The Shenzhen Yantian Port Free Trade Zone was set up and approved by the State Council on September 27, 1996 with a total area of 0.85 square kilometer. On August 16, 2004, the project of "zone-port interaction" was approved by the State Council between Yantian Port Area and the Shenzhen Yantian Port Free Trade Zone.

Yantian Port Bonded Logistics Park was established with 0.96 square kilometer on December 30, 2005. The zone is situated near Yantian Port Area. Industries that are encouraged include printing/publishing/packaging, raw material processing, shipping/warehousing/logistics, and trading and distribution.[4]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Education[edit]

Schools operated by the Shenzhen Municipal Government

Transportation[edit]

The main bus routes covering Yantian District are shown on the table below, and Shenzhen Metro Line 8 also serves the area. Moreover, there is a ferry between Yantian Seafood Street and Nan'ao, Dapeng New District.

Route No. Terminal 1 Terminal 2 Fare Note
68 Shenzhen Foreign Language School Shatoujiao Bus Terminal 2 RMB
85 Yantian N. Bus Terminal W. Square of Shenzhen E. Railway Station 2-5 RMB
308 Dameisha Coastal Depot Sanlian Terminal 2-6 RMB
358 Funing Terminal Shatoujiao Bus Terminal 2-6 RMB
B662 Shatoujiao Bus Terminal Shatoujiao Bus Terminal 1 RMB Anti-clockwise loop
B924 Shatoujiao Bus Terminal Shatoujiao Bus Terminal 1 RMB
B925 Shenzhen Foreign Language School Yantian Seafood St. 1 RMB
B927 Yantian E. Bus Terminal Yantian E. Bus Terminal 1 RMB Unidirectional 8-shaped loop
B982 Shenzhen Foreign Language School Yantian District Government N. 1 RMB
E11 Xinda Terminal Shenzhen N. Railway Station 10 RMB
E26 Dapeng Intercity Bus Station Futian Transport Hub 10 RMB
M191 Bao'an Transit Center Dameisha Depot 2-10 RMB
M196 Xiaomeisha Community Zhongying Street Border Station 1 RMB
M199 Rose Coast Terminal Jianshe Rd. Terminal 2-8 RMB
M205 Yantian N. Bus Terminal Railway Station 3 RMB
M314 Hongmian Rd. Depot Liantang Checkpoint Terminal 3 RMB
M348 Shenzhen Foreign Language School Tianbei Terminal 3 RMB
M362 Kuichong Terminal Yewucun 3 RMB
M380 Kangqiao Terminal Xiaomeisha Terminal 3 RMB
M437 Wentan Rd. Depot Minle Metro Station 2-7 RMB
M444 Shenzhen Foreign Language School Shatoujiao Bus Terminal 2 RMB
M465 Yantian N. Bus Terminal Wentan Rd. Depot 2 RMB
M520 Wentan Rd. Depot Futian Transport Hub 3 RMB

References[edit]

  1. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2008-11-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Contact Us." Vanke. Retrieved on November 9, 2018. "Headquarters of China Vanke Co., Ltd. Address:Vanke Center, No.33 Huanmei Road, Dameisha, Yantian District, Shenzhen" - Address in Chinese: "深圳市盐田区大梅沙环梅路33号万科中心"
  4. ^ "RightSite.asia - Shenzhen Yantian Port Free Trade Zone".
  5. ^ 深圳市特发小梅沙旅游中心. "小梅沙|深圳小梅沙|小梅沙海洋世界|深圳小梅沙海洋公园|深圳海洋世界|深圳市特发小梅沙旅游中心". www.szxms.com.cn.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2008-11-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Shenzhen Foreign Languages School". Shenzhen Municipal Government. Retrieved 2022-02-14. Add: [...] 1 Yantian Road, Yantian District, Shenzhen (Senior High School Department) (深圳盐田区盐田路1号)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°33′49″N 114°14′24″E / 22.5637°N 114.24°E / 22.5637; 114.24