Yarkand River

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Yarkand River
Country China
Physical characteristics
Main source Kunlun Mountains
Length 1,097 km (682 mi)
  • Average rate:
    210 m3/s (7,400 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Basin size 98,900 km2 (38,200 sq mi)
Yarkand River
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 葉爾羌河
Simplified Chinese 叶尔羌河
Uyghur name
يەكەن دەرياسى

The Yarkand River is a river in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of western China. It is one of the headstreams of the Tarim River. It is approximately 1097 km (600 mi) in length, with an average discharge of 210 m3/s (7,400 cu ft/s).

The river originates in the Karakoram range in the south of the Kashgar Prefecture. A notable tributary of the upper Yarkand River is the Shaksgam River, which is also known in its lower course (before falling into the Yarkand) as the Keleqing River (Chinese: 克勒青河; pinyin: Kèlèqīng Hé).

A part of the river valley is known to the Kyrgyz people as Raskam, and the river itself is also called the Raskam River.[1] The river is also known as the Zarafshan River.[2] The area was once claimed by the ruler of Hunza.


  1. ^ S.R. Bakshi, Kashmir through Ages ISBN 81-85431-71-X vol 1 p.22, in Google Books
  2. ^ NGIA GeoNames search

Coordinates: 37°56′N 76°51′E / 37.94°N 76.85°E / 37.94; 76.85