Comté de Yarmouth (French)
Location of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia
|Electoral Districts |
|• Land||2,125.70 km2 (820.74 sq mi)|
|• Density||11.5/km2 (30/sq mi)|
|• Change 2011-16||3.4%|
|Time zone||UTC−04:00 (AST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−03:00 (ADT)|
|Median Income*||$41,744 CDN|
Yarmouth County is a rural county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It has both traditional Anglo-Scottish and Acadian French culture as well as significant inland wilderness areas, including over 365 lakes and several major rivers. It comprises three municipalities: the Town of Yarmouth, the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth, and the Municipality of the District of Argyle.
The name Yarmouth first appeared as a projected township in Nova Scotia in 1759. There is some speculation it was named after Yarmouth, Massachusetts, as some of the earliest English settlers arrived from Cape Cod on 9 June 1761. It is more likely the township was named after Lady Yarmouth, a mistress of King George II.
Originally the area was part of Lunenburg County. In 1761 it became part of Queens County; in 1784 it became part of Shelburne County and finally became a county on its own in 1836. The description of Yarmouth County was modified in 1846. It was then divided into two districts for court sessional purposes in 1856 – Yarmouth and Argyle. These two districts were subsequently incorporated as district municipalities in 1879. The county was a major international shipbuilding centre in the 19th century, producing hundreds of ships including the namesake County of Yarmouth in 1884.
In the 20th century, Yarmouth was the site of the creation of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.
The only town in the county is Yarmouth, which is one of three municipalities that comprise the county. The others are the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth and the Municipality of the District of Argyle. There are no incorporated villages in the county. The county also includes the Acadia First Nations, Yarmouth Reserve 33.
- District municipalities
As a census division in the 2016 Canadian Census conducted by Statistics Canada, Yarmouth County recorded a population of 24,419 living in 10,798 of its 12,342 total private dwellings, a change of -3.4% from its 2011 population of 25,275. With a land area of 2,125.7 km2 (820.7 sq mi), it had a population density of 11.5/km2 (29.8/sq mi) in 2016.
- Average house value: $132,607
- Unemployment rate: 11.2%
- No certificate, diploma or degree: 37.79%
- High school certificate: 18.40%
- Apprenticeship or trade certificate or diploma: 13.04%
- Community college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma: 19.29%
- University certificate or diploma: 11.46%
Mother tongue language (2016)
Ethnic groups (2006)
- Edgar Archibald (1885–1968), agricultural scientist
- Lucy Anne Rogers Butler (1841–1906), writer and social justice advocate
- Zach Churchill (b. 1984), Canadian politician
- Ryan Graves (b. 1995), Hockey player for the Colorado Avalanche
- 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia
- Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 censuses - 100% data
- Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 censuses - 100% data
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Censuses 1871-1941 Canada Yearbook 1943-1944
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
- , Census 1941-1951
- Town of Yarmouth (January 10, 2008). Municipal Planning Strategy (Report). Town of Yarmouth. p. 7.
- 2016 Census
- 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia
- Statistics Canada National Household Survey, for Municipality of Yarmouth, 2011 census - 100% data