Yarmouth County

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Yarmouth County
Comté de Yarmouth  (French)
Siorrachd Yarmouth  (Scottish Gaelic)
Location of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia
Location of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 43°54′N 65°48′W / 43.900°N 65.800°W / 43.900; -65.800Coordinates: 43°54′N 65°48′W / 43.900°N 65.800°W / 43.900; -65.800
CountryCanada
ProvinceNova Scotia
District
municipalities
Yarmouth
Argyle
TownsYarmouth
Established1836
Divided into District MunicipalitiesApril 17, 1879
Electoral Districts     
Federal

West Nova
ProvincialYarmouth
Argyle-Barrington
Area
 • Land2,121.64 km2 (819.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[2][3]
 • Total24,947
 • Density11.8/km2 (31/sq mi)
 • Change 2016-21
Increase2.2%
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−03:00 (ADT)
Area code(s)902
Dwellings12,342
Median Income*$41,744 CDN
NTS Map20P13 Tusket
GNBC CodeCBUEA[4]
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Yarmouth County is a rural county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It has both traditional Anglo-Scottish and Acadian French culture as well as significant inland wilderness areas, including over 365 lakes and several major rivers. It comprises three municipalities: the Town of Yarmouth, the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth, and the Municipality of the District of Argyle.

History[edit]

The name Yarmouth first appeared as a projected township in Nova Scotia in 1759. There is some speculation it was named after Yarmouth, Massachusetts, as some of the earliest English settlers arrived from Cape Cod on 9 June 1761. It is more likely the township was named after Lady Yarmouth, a mistress of King George II.[citation needed]

Originally the area was part of Lunenburg County. In 1761 it became part of Queens County; in 1784 it became part of Shelburne County and finally became a county on its own in 1836. The description of Yarmouth County was modified in 1846. It was then divided into two districts for court sessional purposes in 1856 – Yarmouth and Argyle. These two districts were subsequently incorporated as district municipalities in 1879. The county was a major international shipbuilding centre in the 19th century, producing hundreds of ships including the namesake County of Yarmouth in 1884.

In the 20th century, Yarmouth was the site of the creation of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.

Geography[edit]

The only town in the county is Yarmouth, which is one of three municipalities that comprise the county. The others are the Municipality of the District of Yarmouth and the Municipality of the District of Argyle. There are no incorporated villages in the county. The county also includes the Acadia First Nations, Yarmouth Reserve 33.

Communities[edit]

Towns
Reserves
District municipalities

Demographics[edit]

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Yarmouth County had a population of 24,947 living in 11,213 of its 12,529 total private dwellings, a change of 2.2% from its 2016 population of 24,419. With a land area of 2,121.64 km2 (819.17 sq mi), it had a population density of 11.8/km2 (30.5/sq mi) in 2021.[5]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Yarmouth, County (CTY) [Census division], Nova Scotia". 9 February 2022.
  2. ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 censuses - 100% data
  3. ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 censuses - 100% data
  4. ^ "Yarmouth". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada.
  5. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  6. ^ Censuses 1871-1941 Canada Yearbook 1943-1944
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  8. ^ http://www66.statcan.gc.ca/eng/acyb_c1955-eng.aspx?opt=/eng/1955/195501710145_p.%20145.pdf , Census 1941-1951
  9. ^ Town of Yarmouth (January 10, 2008). Municipal Planning Strategy (Report). Town of Yarmouth. p. 7.
  10. ^ 2016 Census
  11. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia
  12. ^ Statistics Canada National Household Survey, for Municipality of Yarmouth, 2011 census - 100% data
  13. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia