Yarok Island

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"Yarok" redirects here. For the rural localities in Russia, see Yarok (rural locality).
Yarok
Native name: остров Ярок
Yana bay1.png
Yarok and adjacent islands
Siberia YB.png
Geography
Location Laptev Sea
Coordinates 71°32′N 137°40′E / 71.533°N 137.667°E / 71.533; 137.667Coordinates: 71°32′N 137°40′E / 71.533°N 137.667°E / 71.533; 137.667
Archipelago Yana River mouth islands
Total islands 27
Length 38 km (23.6 mi)
Width 26 km (16.2 mi)
Administration
Russia
Republic Sakha
Demographics
Population uninhabited

Yarok Island (Russian: остров Ярок) is an island in the Laptev Sea, a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. The island is located off the mouths of the Yana river, only a few kilometres towards the east.[1]

Administratively, Yarok Island is part of the Sakha Republic of Russia.

Geography[edit]

Yarok Island is large and flat. It has many small lakes, swamps and sandbars. Its length is 38 kilometers (24 mi) and its maximum breadth is 26 kilometers (16 mi).[2]

The Yana delta, the coastal area off which Yarok Island lies, is an extensive wetland zone.[3] It is subject to severe Arctic weather with frequent gales and blizzards. Further north, the sea in the Yana Bay is frozen with thick ice for about eight months every year, so that Yarok is merged with the mainland.[4]

History[edit]

In 1712, Yakov Permyakov and his companion Merkury Vagin, the first recorded Russian explorers of the area, crossed the Yana Bay from the mouth of the Yana River to Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island over the ice and explored the then unknown island. Unfortunately Permyakov and Vagin were killed on the way back from their exploration by mutineering expedition members.[5]

In 1892–1894, Baron Eduard Toll, accompanied by expedition leader Alexander Bunge, carried out geological surveys in the Yana delta area on behalf of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences located in St. Petersburg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geographical data
  2. ^ Location
  3. ^ The Far North:: Plant Biodiversity and Ecology of Yakutia
  4. ^ Watersheds of the Laptev Sea
  5. ^ Н. Исанин. Морской энциклопедический справочник, Том 2. Ленинград 1986, стр. 76.

External links[edit]