Our Lady of Dolours Roman Catholic church in Yarraman
|Population||1,230 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||407 m (1,335 ft)|
The creek at Yarraman was used in the 1870s as a place for local graziers and stockmen to meet and trade cattle. The township was established in the late 1870s. Yarraman means "horse" in the Port Jackson Pidgin English spread by Aboriginal stockmen in eastern Australia.  It is thought to be derived from the word "yira" or "yera" which means large teeth, possibly from one of the Sydney languages.
The Yarraman Library opened in 1982 and had a major refurbishment in 2016.
Based on data gathered through the census, Yarraman's population has grown as shown below.
|Year||Number of people||Census data link|
Yarraman is set in a fertile valley and produces timber, grain and beef and dairy goods, which it exports to larger cities. It has a community radio station Wild Horse FM 99.7. It is served by three churches: St Philip's Anglican Church, Our Lady of Dolours Catholic Church, and Calvary Lutheran church.
Yarraman is surrounded by the various components of the fragmentary Bunya Mountains and Yarraman Important Bird Area which contains the largest remaining population of the vulnerable black-breasted button-quail.
The Yarraman Library and Post Office are located on the corner of Toomey and Douglas Streets, and offer access to wireless internet. The Toowoomba Regional Council refurbished the library in 2016 including new furnishings, paint, and an accessible parking space and toilet.
During World War 2, Yarraman was the location of RAAF No.21 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot (IAFD), completed in 1942 and closed on 29 August 1944. Usually consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000 ($1,800,000).
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Yarraman, QLD". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- South Burnett Net: Yarraman, accessed 17 Jan 2010
- "Yarraman Queensland Places". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- "Queensland places names search". Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Queensland Places: Yarraman, accessed 17 Jan 2010
- "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Yarraman (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2010-01-17.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Yarraman (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-12-30.
- "IBA: Bunya Mountains & Yarraman". Birdata. Birds Australia. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- "Yarraman Library". State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Post Office". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Council spends $164,000 to refurbish regional library". The Chronicle. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Yarraman Pool". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Australia. Royal Australian Air Force. Historical Section (1995), Logistics units, AGPS Press, ISBN 978-0-644-42798-2
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