Yarrowia

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Yarrowia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Saccharomycetes
Order: Saccharomycetales
Family: Dipodascaceae
Genus: Yarrowia
Van der Walt & Arx (1981)[1]
Type species
Yarrowia lipolytica
(Wick., Kurtzman & Herman) Van der Walt & Arx (1980)
Species

Yarrowia bubula
Yarrowia deformans
Yarrowia lipolytica
Yarrowia porcina
Yarrowia yakushimensis

Yarrowia is a fungal genus in the family Dipodascaceae. For a while the genus was monotypic, containing the single species Yarrowia lipolytica, a yeast that can use unusual carbon sources, such as hydrocarbons.[2] This has made it of interest for use in industrial microbiology, especially for the production of specialty lipids.[3] Molecular phylogenetics analysis has revealed several other species that have since been added to the genus.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ van der Walt JP, von Arx JA (1980). "The yeast genus Yarrowia gen. nov". Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 46 (6): 517–21. doi:10.1007/bf00394008. PMID 7195185. 
  2. ^ Gancedo C, Flores C-L (2005). "Yarrowia lipolytica mutants devoid of pyruvate carboxylase activity show an unusual growth phenotype". Eukaryotic Cell. 4 (2): 356–64. doi:10.1128/EC.4.2.356-364.2005. 
  3. ^ Papanikolaou S, Aggelis G (2010). "Yarrowia lipolytica: A model microorganism used for the production of tailor-made lipids". European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology. 112 (6): 639–654. doi:10.1002/ejlt.200900197. 
  4. ^ Michely S, Gaillardin C, Nicaud J-M, Neuveglise C (2013). "Comparative physiology of oleaginous species from the Yarrowia clade". PLoS ONE. 8 (5): e63356. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063356. PMC 3646758Freely accessible. PMID 23667605. 
  5. ^ Nagy E, Dlauchy D, Medeiros AO, Péter G, Rosa CA (2014). "Yarrowia porcina sp. nov. and Yarrowia bubula f.a. sp. nov., two yeast species from meat and river sediment". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. 105 (4): 697–707. doi:10.1007/s10482-014-0125-4. PMID 24500004.