Yaruro language

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Region Venezuela
Ethnicity Yaruro people
Native speakers
7,900 (2001 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yae
Glottolog pume1238[2]

The Yaruro language (also spelled Llaruro or Yaruru; also called Yuapín or Pumé) is an indigenous language spoken by Yaruro people, along the Orinoco, Cinaruco, Meta, and Apure rivers of Venezuela. It is not well classified; it may be an isolate, or distantly related to the extinct Esmeralda language.



Bilabial Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop p b t d c k ɡ ʔ
Affricate ts dz
Fricative f s ʃ x h
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Approximant w ɾ l j


Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Mid e ə o
æ ɔ
Low a ɑ



  1. ^ Yaruro at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Pumé". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Obregón Muñoz (1981).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Alexandra Y. Aikhenvlad & R. M. Dixon (1999). p. 378.  Missing or empty |title= (help)