Yasmeen Lari

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Yasmeen Lari (born c. 1941, Urdu: یاسمین لاری) is the first woman architect in Pakistan.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Yasmeen Lari was born in the town of Dera Ghazi Khan and spent her early years in and around Lahore. Her father, Zafarul Ahsan an Indian Civil Service (ICS) officer was working on major development projects in Lahore and other cities and Yasmeen Lari was exposed to architecture through her father. Her sister is Pakistani politician Nasreen Jalil. She was 15 years old when she first left Pakistan to go to London with her family.[citation needed] Initially there for a vacation, she and her siblings ended up enrolling in school in London.[citation needed] Upon the rejection of the architecture school for not being able to draw, Yasmeen Lari studied two years of arts in London before finally being accepted into the Oxford School of Architecture.[2]


After graduation from Oxford School of Architecture in 1964, at the age of 23, Lari returned to Pakistan with her husband, Suhail Zaheer Lari and opened Lari Associates in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.[citation needed] She became the first female architect among the dozen architects in Pakistan.[citation needed] Initially in her career, she faced many difficulties when workers at construction sites would challenge her authority or knowledge because of her gender.[3]

She was president of the Institute of Architects in Pakistan from 1980 to 1983.[citation needed] In 1967, Lari and her firm designed the Generals Combatant Headquarters (GHQ), and later designed the MOD's Naval Combatant Headquarters (NHQ).[citation needed]

Her later projects included housings, such as the Angoori Bagh Housing (ABH) (1978), and business buildings, such as the Taj Mahal Hotel (1981), the Finance and Trade Center (1989), and the Pakistan State Oil House (PSO Company headquarters) (1991) in Karachi.[2]

Lari is also interested in researching and developing solution for old towns and low-income housing.[citation needed] She studied slums and squatter settlements in Karachi to improve her designs.[citation needed] She has stated:

"For the low income groups, you have to understand their needs. If it is housing, I always talk to women because they are the ones who spend most of their time in these houses, we need to see where the children will play, if they need to grow something [in the garden] to supplement food for the kids. Also the outer spaces become very important like the sahan, the roof terrace where they can have the open sky. So you just think about it (the design) and sometimes it's torture for several days and then you suddenly wake up and things fall into place… When you are in the design process, it is with you all the time. Whether you are sleeping or you are awake, doing something else, it's with you in your mind".[this quote needs a citation]

Beside the design, the cost is also important, and that is why for ABH (1978) she built it with the cheapest local bricks in Karachi while still maintaining the quality of the building.[citation needed]

Lari also has her interests in preserving historical buildings, monuments, and cities in Pakistan. She founded the Heritage Foundation Pakistan to advocate the documentation and preservation of historical sites and buildings.[citation needed] Her effort was rewarded when the Pakistani government was persuaded to set up a law in 1994 to protect buildings and landmarks with cultural heritage.[citation needed] As a result, over 600 buildings were legally protected by 1997.[citation needed]

Lari retired in 2000 from architectural practice.[4] However, she remained active with her historical preservation by serving as the advisor of the UNESCO project, the executive director of the non-profit she co-founded with her husband Suhail Zaheer Lari called The Heritage Foundation, and the chairperson of the Karavan Initiatives.[4]

Since 2010 Yasmeen Lari, has built over 36,000 houses for those affected by Pakistan's floods and earthquakes. Lari implements traditional building techniques and local materials in rebuilding the Sindha Valley region of Pakistan.[5]

In 2013 she helped villagers in Awaran District who were hit by the 2013 Balochistan earthquake.[5]

Architectural work[edit]

Completed projects[edit]

  • Naval Officers Housing, Karachi
  • Angoori Bagh Housing (also known as ABH) (1978)
  • Taj Mahal Hotel, Karachi (1981)
  • Finance and Trade Center (also known as FTC Building), Karachi (1989)
  • Pakistan State Oil House (also known as PSO House), Karachi (1991)


Some of Yasmeen Lari's publications include:

  • Slums and Squatter Settlements: Their Role and Improvement Strategy
  • Our Heritage in Muslim Architecture
  • Tharparkar and Sialkot after the War
  • Traditional Architecture of Thatta
  • 1997 – The Dual City: Karachi During the Raj (co-written with her son, Mihail Lari)
  • 2001 – Karachi: Illustrated City Guide (photography by her husband, Suhial Zaheer Lari)


In 2002, the Heritage Foundation received the Recognition Award from the United Nations System in Pakistan for its efforts and results.[2]

In 2006, Lari was awarded Sitara-e-Imtiaz, one of the highest civil awards, by Government of Pakistan in recognition of her services to the architectural profession and heritage conservation.[6]

In 2011, she received the Pakistani "1st Wonder Women of the Year Award".[7]


  1. ^ "Yasmeen Lari", International Archive of Women in Architecture. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d Laila Kazmi, "Yasmeen Lari", Women of Pakistan. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
  3. ^ Iftekhar, Anadil. "The Queen of Architecture". You! The New Woman Lifestyle. Jang Group of Newspapers. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Gillin, Jaime (2 July 2012). "Q&A with Pakistan's First Female Architect". Dwell. Dwell Media LLC. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Watkins, Katie (26 August 2014). "Al Jazeera's Rebel Architecture: Episode 2, "The Traditional Future"". ArchDaily.com. Al Jazeera. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "About us". heritagefoundationpak.org. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  7. ^ Wonderwomen of the Year Awards. Retrieved 27 February 2012.

External links[edit]