From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yate from the tower of St Mary's Church
Yate is located in Gloucestershire
Location within Gloucestershire
Population23,703 (2021 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceST7182
Civil parish
  • Yate
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBRISTOL
Postcode districtBS37
Dialling code01454
PoliceAvon and Somerset
AmbulanceSouth Western
UK Parliament
List of places
51°32′25″N 2°24′40″W / 51.5402°N 2.410989°W / 51.5402; -2.410989Coordinates: 51°32′25″N 2°24′40″W / 51.5402°N 2.410989°W / 51.5402; -2.410989

Yate is a town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England. It lies just to the southwest of the Cotswold Hills and is 12 miles (19 kilometres) northeast of Bristol city centre and 11 miles (18 kilometres) from the centre of Bath, with regular rail services to Bristol and Gloucester.

Developing from a small village into a town from the 1950s onwards, the 2011 census listed Yate's parish population as 21,789.[2] The market town of Chipping Sodbury (population 5,045) is contiguous with Yate to the east. In addition, a large southern section of the built-up area spills over into the parish of Dodington (population 8,206), and as a result, the total population of Yate's urban area is estimated at 35,000.


Yate is located in South Gloucestershire in the South West of England. The town is northeast of Bristol city centre, which is about 11 miles (18 kilometres) away by road. Apart from Chipping Sodbury to the east, Yate is surrounded by countryside and is situated to the south-west of the Cotswolds. The A432 is the main road to serve Yate and runs through the centre of the town.[3]

The Yate-Chipping Sodbury conurbation is near the centre of the South Gloucestershire district. It is situated between suburban Bristol to the southwest and the Cotswold escarpment to the northeast.


Coat of arms of Yate

The first mention of Yate is the existence of a religious house in about AD 770; Yate is also mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name is derived from the Old English word giete or gete, meaning 'a gateway into a forest area'.[4]

During the Anglo-Saxon period and well into medieval times, most of this part of south Gloucestershire was covered with forest. Through the centuries the land was cleared for farming.

The town's parish church, St Mary's,[5] dates from Norman times. It was altered during the 15th century and was extensively restored in 1970. St Mary's Primary School,[6] situated outside the churchyard walls, was built on the site of a former poorhouse.

It was the opening of the railway station in 1844, as part of Bristol and Gloucester Railway, that established Yate, with Station Road becoming the central thoroughfare. The cattle and produce markets were held around this road, and businesses were established there. Yate railway station was closed by the Beeching cuts in January 1965, but was reopened in May 1989;[7] the Brunel-built engine shed is preserved nearby.

In the 1960s Yate was designated as a development area and the building boom began. The creation of a new town included a large retail shopping area, sports and leisure development together with public buildings.[8]

When a secondary school was built in the late 1970s, it was supposed to be called Brinsham Green School, after Brinsham Lane at nearby Yate Rocks. Owing to a spelling error, however, it was in fact called Brimsham Green School.[9]

The town further expanded in the 1990s and 2000s with the construction of housing at North Yate. This housing estate continued to use the corrupted name of Brimsham. To locals the area is known as Brimsham Park.

Yate railway yard[edit]

During the Second World War, a railway transfer yard was constructed for the United States Army, probably as part of Operation Bolero to assist the buildup of troops and stores before D-Day. Two large storage sheds survived on the site until 2008.

At the end of the Second World War, the site was taken over by the Royal Navy and became known as the Sea Transport Stores Depot. It was occupied by the Highways Agency until the sheds were demolished for development.

Oxford Archaeology[10] has been commissioned to undertake an investigation as to the military significance of this site. The opinion of Bristol Industrial Archaeological Society has also been sought.[11]


Major growth in Yate started in the early 1920s with the construction of the Moorland Road estates behind Station Road, close to the Parnall aeroplane factory. In the 1950s the Ridge housing estate was developed. The area between these estates was still being mined for celestine and therefore could not be built on until the mineral had been extracted.

In the 1960s the area around Stanshawes was exhausted of celestine and the housing boom started with the major construction taking place in the south. Much of this development was planned using the Radburn model, a design that created a vehicle-free environment by the use of green spaces and linking paths at the front of the houses. This model was used until the late 1980s and early 1990s, when the planners reverted to traditional street design methods for the development of the remainder of North Yate, Brimsham Park and the Newmans factory site.



Yate is represented in the UK Parliament by the constituency of Thornbury and Yate.

Central Yate from an aircraft (2017), including the Sports Centre, shopping centre, Yate Academy and the Parish Church


Historically part of Gloucestershire until 1974 it then became part of the district of Northavon within the newly formed county of Avon. In 1996, Avon was abolished, and the area became part of the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire and rejoined the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.[2]


Yate Town Council provides local services, which are displayed on their website.[12]


Before the Second World War, Yate had an aircraft manufacturing industry (Parnall) with a grass aerodrome.[13] During the Second World War, Parnall specialised in making gun turrets. A number of people were killed in raids by the Luftwaffe on the factory in February and March 1941.[14]

Following the war, the Parnall factory turned to the manufacture of domestic goods and was famous for its washing machines. In 1958 Parnall merged with Radiation Ltd to become known as Jackson, producing the Jackson range of cookers. Through mergers and acquisitions, Jacksons is now part of Indesit and the Jackson name is no longer used.

Newman's of Bristol had a large factory on Station Road, from 1932 until the 1980s, in its heyday in the 1960s, employing over 1,500 people.

Yate has had three natural products associated with it: limestone to the east, celestine or spar near the centre of the town and coal to the west.

The need for limestone increased with the growth of roads, while the demand for coal grew with the diminishing supply of timber. Celestine, the major strontium mineral, was first dug in the late 1880s and was initially used for the refining of sugar beet. At one time Yate's celestine accounted for 95 per cent of the world's production.[15] It colours flames red, and so was important for pyrotechnics such as fireworks, military and signal flares and tracer bullets. The last commercial excavation of celestine from the Yate area was for use during the Vietnam War. The mining company, Bristol Mineral and Land Co, closed in 1994.


Kingsgate Park

The town has a skatepark at Peghill. Yate Common on Westerleigh Road is used for dog walking, nature watching, kite flying, circuses and fairs.

The common has a stretch of unused dual carriageway (51°31′56″N 2°26′02″W / 51.532282°N 2.433879°W / 51.532282; -2.433879), known as the "Road to Nowhere", which has been used for filming in TV programmes such as Casualty.[16] This was part of a scheme to create a bypass from Rodford Way in South Yate to Nibley.[17] The scheme was only partially completed in 1974, the year when Yate became a part of Avon. Completion of the road would have entailed building a bridge over the railway, but finance for this was never made available.

The town has several parks and areas of open space. The largest of these is Kingsgate Park, which has an adventure playground for children.

The town is served by a community radio station, GLOSS FM which broadcasts 365 days a year on its webcasts and twice a year on 87.7 MHz FM.

A Cineworld cinema opened in the new Riverside shopping centre in April 2016.

The town benefits from a four appliance firestation, with a retained Crew 24 hours and then further tenders staffed on a voluntary basis. Next to the firestation is a 6 bay ambulance station with a further 3 ambulances and 2 response cars stabled outside.


Yate has two secondary schools, eight infant/junior schools and one special needs school.

Secondary schools[edit]

  • Brimsham Green School
  • Yate Academy (formerly King Edmunds School)
  • Chipping Sodbury School

Primary schools[edit]

  • North Road School
  • Abbotswood School
  • Tyndale School
  • St Mary's School
  • St Paul's School
  • The Ridge Juniors
  • Broadway Infants
  • Wellesley School
  • Woodlands School

Special school[edit]

  • Culverhill School
  • South Gloucestershire Sports and Education


Yate shopping centre has over 100 shops

Construction of a pedestrianised shopping centre of around a hundred shops began in the early-to-mid-1960s.[18] The shopping centre was opened by Patricia Phoenix, Mary Rand and Ted Ray. As in most British new towns, modern art was incorporated, in the form of the Four Seasons sculpture, and a spire-shaped sculpture, which could be seen for miles. This sculpture existed until the early 1990s when it was removed during the revamping of the centre, which included the erection of glass roofs over the walkways. An extension to East Walk was constructed at the start of the 1980s, and an extension to West Walk was constructed in the early 1990s.

During the 1980s and into the mid-1990s, the shopping centre hosted Yate's annual festival. On opening day a celebrity launched the festival by releasing balloons.

In December 2006, the owners of the shopping centre (Dominion Corporate Trustees) announced plans to enlarge and modernise it. In Phase 1 one of the main changes has been the replacement of the existing small Tesco with a large Tesco Extra. To replace lost shopping centre parking following the enlargement, the store is on stilts, with parking beneath. It opened on 24 October 2011.

In 2008, construction of a new health centre began on the site of the old one, costing around £12 million. The West Gate Health Centre was officially opened on 8 March 2010.

In August 2009, plans were agreed for Tesco to pull down their store and replace it with a more modern store, known as a Tesco Extra. The plans include four more shop units, moving the bus station and a revamped entrance to East Walk. The revamp of the town's bus station was officially opened in January 2010. A temporary Tesco store was opened on 28 February 2011 while the new Tesco Extra was under construction. The old Tesco closed its doors on 27 February 2011 and the Tesco Extra store opened on 24 October 2011.


Yate and Chipping Sodbury have been earmarked for 5,000 new homes to be built by 2026. While the location of the housing has yet to be decided, the expected areas are to the north of Yate, and towards Chipping Sodbury.



Yate railway station serves the town. The railway station is located on the main Bristol to Birmingham line between Bristol Parkway and Cam & Dursley, and is operated by Great Western Railway.


Bus services within the Yate area are mainly provided by First West of England. Other operators who provide bus services to/from Yate include Coachstyle, Eurocoaches and Stagecoach West.

Regular bus services link Yate with Bristol city centre. There are also buses from Yate running to Bath, Cribbs Causeway, Malmesbury, Tetbury and Westonbirt Arboretum. Additionally, buses link Yate to a number of other towns/villages within South Gloucestershire and west Wiltshire including Acton Turville, Badminton, Charfield, Chipping Sodbury, Downend, Emersons Green, Filton, Fishponds, Frenchay, Iron Acton, Kingswood, Luckington, Pucklechurch, Mangotsfield, Old Sodbury, Sherston, Staple Hill, Thornbury, Tormarton, Westerleigh, Wick, Winterbourne and Wotton-under-Edge.

Buses in Yate pick up and set down at Yate Bus Station which is at Yate Shopping Centre. A number of bus services also pass Yate railway station. Yate Park and Ride is located at the western edge of the town and has services to the town centre and to Bristol.

Twin town[edit]

Yate is twinned with Bad Salzdetfurth in Germany and Genieri in Gambia.[19][20]

Local sport[edit]


Yate and District Athletic Club[21] is a track-and-field club based at Yate Outdoor Sports Complex (YOSC).

Formed in 1983 by Mike Smith.

An eight-lane track was completed in December 1988 and formally opened by Olympian, Lynn Davies in 1989.

Floodlighting was added in 1992.

in 1997 Yate & District Athletic Club agreed to form partnership with Westbury Harriers

In 2020 the club joined the newly formed National Athletics League


Chipping Sodbury Cricket Club[22] is Yate's nearest cricket club, providing cricket for men, women, boys and girls. They play their home matches on their two grounds at the Ridings playing fields in Chipping Sodbury.


Yate Town F.C.[23] play in the Southern League Southern League Premier Division. There is also a ladies' football team, Yate Town Girls/Ladies FC,[24] that play in local leagues.

Yate is also home to Yate United Youth F.C., the largest local youth only football club, established in 1971. They play their home matches at Yate Outdoor Sports Complex, Sunnyside Playing Fields and Kelston Close playing fields.[25]

The largest local club is St. Nicholas F.C. Otherwise known as St. Nick's, this club has a total of 21 teams, including two ladies and one men's team. They play at The Ridings, Wickwar Road, Chipping Sodbury. The women's first team, St Nicholas L.F.C., play in South West Division One of the FA Women's Premier League, and play their home games at Yate Town's ground on Lodge Road.


Yate Hockey Club runs teams from adult to junior.[26] Its home ground is Yate Outdoor Sports Complex, which it shares with Badminton and Pucklechurch Hockey Club.


Yate Rugby Football Club[27] were founded 2016 by club owner and founder Stewart Stacey.[28] The club play their home fixtures at Yate Outdoor Sports Complex. Yate RFC currently play under Gloucestershire RFU, in Bristol & District 2 league they finished fourth place in the 2018/19 season, their highest league position in the club's history. The club have a second team known as Yate Yaks that play friendlies and raise money for charity.

Martial arts[edit]

Bujinkan Kagami Dojo teaches traditional Ninjutsu and Samurai warrior arts at Yate Leisure Centre.[29]

Yate Leisure Centre is also home to P.U.M.A. Yate Taekwon-do taught by Senior Master Ray Gayle VIII Degree Black Belt. The school has been running in Yate for 35 Years.


Estates in Yate[edit]


Abbotswood has a small shopping centre, privately owned blocks of flats, a youth club and a church.

North Yate[edit]

Construction began in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Brimsham Park[edit]

Construction of the estate began in the early 1990s.

The Ridge[edit]

The Ridge is a large housing estate with two local schools, Broadway Infants School and the Ridge Junior School. There are shops in the centre of the estate including a Nursery, Hairdressers, Dry Cleaners, convenience store and dentists.


Construction of a new garden village started at the northern side of Yate in Summer 2018.[31] As of 2020 it is still under construction.

Notable residents[edit]

  • J.K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter fantasy series, was born in 1965 at the Chipping Sodbury Maternity Hospital (later the Chipping Sodbury Memorial Day Centre), on Station Road, Yate. Until the age of four, she lived with her parents in Sundridge Park, Yate.[32][33][34] The Chipping Sodbury Memorial Day Centre was sold by the North Bristol NHS trust in 2012 and has now been converted to 9 luxury apartments.
  • Cole Skuse, (born 29 March 1986) professional footballer.
  • The artist Banksy is believed to be Robin Gunningham, born on 28 July 1973.

Location grid[edit]


  1. ^ "Yate". City population. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b "About Yate". Yate Town Council. Archived from the original on 16 December 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  3. ^ "A432". SABRE. Archived from the original on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  4. ^ "English Towns Website". Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  5. ^ St Mary, Yate Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine Diocese of Bristol
  6. ^ "St.Marys School, Yate official website". Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
  7. ^ "Victorians and the Railway". Yate Heritage. Archived from the original on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  8. ^ "The Modern, New Town". Yate Heritage. Archived from the original on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  9. ^ "History of Yate". Yate Town Council. Archived from the original on 16 December 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  10. ^ Oxford Archaeology Archived 12 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine Official Website
  11. ^ "Bristol Industrial Archaeological Society (BIAS) official website". Archived from the original on 30 December 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Yate Town Council official website". Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  13. ^ History of Parnall Aircraft Archived 26 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ The Bombing of Parnall's Aircraft Factory of Yate Archived 29 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine BBC WW2 People's War
  15. ^ Ian S. Bishop, Around Yate and the Sodburys (Nottingham: Adlard Print and Reprographics Ltd, 2010), 1.
  16. ^ "South Gloucestershire Council hires out many venues for filming / training purposes". Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
  17. ^ "'Let's Get Yate Moving Report' – Traffic and Travel Recommendations'". Yate Town Council. Archived from the original on 24 July 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Yate Shopping centre". Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
  19. ^ "Town twinning". South Gloucestershire Council. 12 December 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  20. ^ "Yate Genieri Link". Yate Town Council. Archived from the original on 27 December 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Yate and District Athletic Club official website". Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Chipping Sodbury Cricket Club official website". Archived from the original on 5 October 2007. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
  23. ^ "Yate Town F.C official website of Yate F.C." Archived from the original on 22 March 2007. Retrieved 24 April 2007.
  24. ^ "Yate Town Girls/Ladies FC". Archived from the original on 6 April 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
  25. ^ Official website of Yate United F.C. Archived 21 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine,
  26. ^ "Yate Hockey Club official website". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 15 June 2007.
  27. ^ "Yate Rugby Club Official Website". Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  28. ^ "Yate RFC look forward to their first ever match on Saturday". Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  29. ^ http://www.bujinkankagamidojo.co.uk Archived 14 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine www.bujinkankagamidojo.co.uk
  30. ^ http://www.puma-uk.com
  31. ^ "Thousands of new homes being built in Yate will create 7,500 jobs". 9 November 2017. Archived from the original on 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  32. ^ Connie Ann Kirk, J.K. Rowling: A Biography, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003, pp.11–12
  33. ^ C. D. Miller, Harry Potter Places: Snitch-Seeking in Southern England and Wales, Book 3, First Edition Design Pub., 2012, pp.110–113
  34. ^ Lynne Hutchinson, Concerns raised about future of former Chipping Sodbury cottage hospital site, Gazette Series, 6 September 2012 Archived 4 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 6 April 2013

External links[edit]