Yate (volcano)

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Yate
Yate volcano seen from huar island chile x region.jpg
The Yate volcano seen from Huar island in the Ancud gulf (Golfo de Ancud).
Highest point
Elevation 2,187 m (7,175 ft)
Coordinates 41°45′17″S 72°23′47″W / 41.75472°S 72.39639°W / -41.75472; -72.39639
Geography
Location Chile
Parent range Andes
Geology
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Last eruption Unknown

Yate Volcano is a large, glaciated stratovolcano located in the southern Andes, in the Los Lagos Region of Chile, south of the Reloncaví Estuary. Yate lies on the major regional Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault Zone, and is located 10 km north-east of the smaller Hornopiren volcano. There are no historical records of recent volcanic activity, but there is strategic evidence of smaller eruptions sometime in the Holocene.

1965 Landslide and Tsunami[edit]

On February 19, 1965 a non-eruptive landslide of ice and rock caused by unusually heavy summer rains[1] slid rapidly into a narrow gully, descended around 1500 meters in elevation, and crashed into Lake Cabrera below. This triggered a tsunami that thundered across the lake and swept through the lakeside community of Lago Cabrera just moments later. There was virtually no warning and the community was caught by surprise. The entire village was destroyed, killing twenty-seven people.[2] It is considered the worst volcano-related loss of life in Chile since the Villarrica eruptions of 1948-1949.[3] The debris field left behind by the tsunami is still visible today, and the people of nearby Hornopirén commemorate the tragedy every year with a pilgrimage to the site and the memorial chapel.[4]

Future Dangers[edit]

With a warming climate, increased rain and increasing glacial meltwater may accelerate edifice collapse. This has potential implications for more landslide hazards in the area of the volcano, and tsunami risks in the lake area.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Watt, Sebastian F. L.; Pyle, David M.; Naranjo, José A.; Mather, Tamsin A. (2009-07-01). "Landslide and tsunami hazard at Yate volcano, Chile as an example of edifice destruction on strike-slip fault zones". Bulletin of Volcanology. 71 (5): 559. doi:10.1007/s00445-008-0242-x. ISSN 0258-8900. 
  2. ^ "Yate". www.volcanodiscovery.com. Retrieved 2017-10-19. 
  3. ^ "Landslides, lake tsunamis and the tragedy of Lago Cabrera". VolcanicDegassing. Retrieved 2017-10-19. 
  4. ^ "Hornopirén tragedia lago Cabrera | Kamaleon Viajes". kamaleon.viajes (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-10-19. 
  5. ^ Watt, Sebastian F. L.; Pyle, David M.; Naranjo, José A.; Mather, Tamsin A. (2009-07-01). "Landslide and tsunami hazard at Yate volcano, Chile as an example of edifice destruction on strike-slip fault zones". Bulletin of Volcanology. 71 (5): 559. doi:10.1007/s00445-008-0242-x. ISSN 0258-8900.