Yates High School
|Yates High School|
|3703 Sampson Street
Houston, Texas, 77004
|Established||February 17, 1926|
|School district||Houston Independent School District|
|Principal||Marla J. Sheppard|
|Color(s)||Gold and Crimson|
Jack Yates Senior High School is a secondary school located at 3703 Sampson, very near Texas Southern University, in the Third Ward in Houston, Texas, USA. Yates High School handles grades nine through twelve and is part of the Houston Independent School District (HISD).
Yates was named after Reverend John Henry "Jack" Yates, a former slave and a minister. Jack Yates and other leading blacks established the Houston Baptist Academy. Within a decade, the success of the school prompted Reverend Yates to reorganize the Houston Baptist Academy as the Houston College, the school offered a special opportunity to the black children of the community who sought an alternative to the Colored High School of the public school system.
Yates has HISD's magnet program for communications: Broadcast TV, Radio, Print, and Photography. Eye on the Third Ward , a collection of works made by Yates students, was posted in the Museum of Fine Arts Houston (MFAH).
Paul Knight of the Houston Press wrote that "the school remains a symbol of solidarity in the Third Ward."
Yates was established on February 8, 1926, as Yates Colored High School with 17 teachers and 600 students. The school, at 2610 Elgin, was the second school for African-Americans established in Houston. The first principal, James D. Ryan, served from the opening until his death in 1941. In pre-desegregation times middle and upper class black families sent their children to Yates.
In 1955, as a new Allen Elementary School opened in a neighborhood far from its original location, the former Allen campus, in what is now Midtown, became the Yates Annex, a school for black 7th graders. In 1956, the annex was converted into J. Will Jones Elementary School.
On January 27, 1958, Worthing High School opened, relieving Yates. Yates moved to its current location in September 1958. Yates's former site became Ryan Colored Junior High School (now Ryan Middle School), named after the first principal of Yates. Schools in HISD were named after former principals William S. Holland and James E. Codwell.
After desegregation resulting from the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s, HISD had established magnet programs and other alternative education programs. Many upper and middle class blacks sent their children to Bellaire High School, Lamar High School, and other school previously only for Whites. In addition, many black people moved from the Third Ward to the suburbs. Violence became more common and the facility was defaced with graffiti. William G. Ouchi, author of Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need, wrote that due to the loss of the middle and upper class students, Yates "fell on hard times."
The Yates photography magnet school program began in fall 1978.
In 1987 a survey at Yates showed that 108 female students were pregnant and 50% of them were having their second pregnancies. In 1989 Chester Smith, the principal, prohibited the school newspaper from publishing a story about a pregnant student.
In the 1990s superintendent Rod Paige recruited Robert Worthy, who was previously teaching in the Pasadena Independent School District, to revitalize the school. Worthy removed most of the administrators and 60 teachers, making up about half of the faculty, within a two-year period to remove any pre-existing negative cultural influences from Yates. Worthy also established additional Advanced Placement courses and removed a Cleaning and Pressing Program.
In 1997 a geographic area south of Interstate 45 was rezoned from Austin High School to Yates. After the 2000 opening of Chávez High School, portions of the Yates boundary were reassigned to Austin High School.
In 2007, a Johns Hopkins University study commissioned by the Associated Press cited Yates as a "dropout factory" where at least 40% of the entering freshman class do not make it to their senior year.
In 2008 Ouchi stated that Yates had improved during Worthy's term as principal, citing the "pride" present in the school, the students' compliance with the school uniform policy, and hallways that were "clean enough to eat on".
Yates, along with Sam Houston High School and Kashmere High School, was low-performing in test scores from 2001 to 2004. Because of this problem, there were movements to have the state or another organization take over the schools for a period so the test scores would be at acceptable levels. Yates received an "acceptable" rating from the Texas Education Agency in 2005.
In a 2005 Houston Chronicle article Bill Miller, president of the Yates High School Parent-Teacher-Student Association, criticized the decrease in enrollment. Many students in the Yates High School attendance zone instead chose to attend other high schools. Miller proposed having HISD end its open enrollment policies.
In an e-mail sent in 2010, HISD board member and former Yates student Paula Harris said that she was responsible for having a principal at Yates removed from the school and for having the new principal installed.
Neighborhoods served by Yates
Several areas inside the 610 Loop that are south of Downtown, including the Third Ward, Timbercrest, University Oaks, Oak Manor, University Woods, Scott Terrace, Lucky 7, South Union, Foster Place, Washington Terrace, MacGregor Place, and LaSalette Place, as well as most of Riverside Terrace, are zoned to Yates.
In addition Cambridge Oaks, a university housing complex, is zoned to Yates. Cambridge Oaks, the designated family housing complex, is served by the Houston Independent School District. Cambridge Oaks houses University of Houston students and is the institution's designated family housing unit.
In 2012 Richard Connelly of the Houston Press ranked Yates as the second most architecturally beautiful high school campus in Greater Houston. Connelly said that "Some would call this generic, but we like the proud `60s style.". The campus is located between Texas Southern University and the University of Houston.
In 2010 the school had about 1,200 students. Most of them were African-American. Of the remainder, 88 were Hispanic, 7 were Asian, and 3 were White.
Yates had 3,600 students in the mid-1980s.
Students at Yates are required to wear a school uniform. The Texas Education Agency specifies that the parents and/or guardians of students zoned to a school with uniforms may apply for a waiver to opt out of the uniform policy so their children do not have to wear the uniform; parents must specify "bona fide" reasons, such as religious reasons or philosophical objections.
Jack Yates compete in several sports, but the most prominent and successful sport on campus is boys' basketball.
In 2010 Paul Knight of the Houston Press stated "no high school basketball team in the state and perhaps the country has played better than Yates." As of 2010, only two of the players on the basketball team were not from the Third Ward.
In March 2010, Yates' boys basketball team was ranked number one in the nation by USA Today having defeated their opponents by margins of 135, 115, 99 (twice), 98, 90 and 88 points. On January 6, 2010, the basketball team defeated Class 4A District 21 opponent Lee High School 170-35, setting the state record for points in a game and sparking a debate in the process. Despite a 100-12 halftime lead, the Lions stayed true to their pressing and trapping style, which did not sit well with Lee head coach Jacques Armant.
As of 2015, Jack Yates boys' basketball program has won four state titles since the 2009 season.
Elementary schools that feed into Yates include:
- D'Angela Proctor - TV One Senior Vice President
- Tyrone Dixon - Film maker
- John Broussard - Platinum Producer
- Marlin Demby - Platinum Producer
- Trina Broussard - Singer
- Clarence McKinney - Assistant Football Coach Texas A&M
- Debbie Allen - actress
- Harold Bailey - football player
- Johnny Bailey - former NFL football player for the Chicago Bears, Arizona Cardinals, and St. Louis Rams.
- Jewel Brown - jazz singer with Louis Armstrong in the 1960s.
- Garnet Coleman - State representative for District 147 in Houston.
- Kevin Cooper - director of Public Relations, Houston Texans
- Santana Dotson - former NFL football player and member of the 1996 Super Bowl Champion (XXXI) Green Bay Packers.
- Steve Henderson - former Major League Baseball (MLB) player
- Andrew L. Jefferson, Jr. - Texas attorney and judge
- Conrad O. Johnson - jazz saxophonist and leader of the Conrad Johnson Orchestra.
- Monica Lamb-Powell - former member of the Houston Comets
- Dexter Manley - former NFL football player and member of the 1982 Super Bowl Champion [XVII] Washington Redskins.
- Roland S. Martin - journalist
- Robert Miller - former NFL running back for the Minnesota Vikings (1975-1980).
- Jerald Moore - former NFL Pro Player ( St. Louis Ram, Oakland Raiders, New Orleans Saints) All Big Eight University Of Oklahoma, Jack Yates all time leading rusher in yards and touchdowns
- Big Moe (Kenneth Moore) - rapper
- Elvis Patterson - former NFL football player and two-time Super Bowl Champion (XXI, XXVIII).
- Phylicia Rashad - actress, known for her role as Clair Huxtable on The Cosby Show
- John Roper - Former NFL football Player for the Chicago Bears, Dallas Cowboys, and Philadelphia Eagles.
- Damion Square - current NFL player for the Philadelphia Eagles
- Robyn Troup (singer)
- Rickie Winslow - former NBA basketball player
- Michael Young - former NBA player for the Phoenix Suns, Philadelphia 76ers, and Los Angeles Clippers; former Houston Cougars men's basketball player and member of Phi Slama Jama; director of basketball operations and performance enhancement at the University of Houston£
- Booker Huffman - professional wrestler better known as Booker T
- Ouchi, William G. Making Schools Work: A Revolutionary Plan to Get Your Children the Education They Need. Simon and Schuster, June 24, 2008. ISBN 1439108102, 9781439108109.
- "YATES, JOHN HENRY." Handbook of Texas Online.
- Knight, Paul. "Third Ward High." Houston Press. Wednesday April 7, 2010. p. 2. Retrieved on April 2, 2014. "All but two of the Yates players grew up in the Third Ward."
- "About." Jack Yates High School. Accessed October 20, 2008
- Ouchi, p. 108.
- "History." J. Will Jones Elementary School. September 15, 2004. Retrieved on April 5, 2009.
- "Land Use & Development Map." Midtown. Retrieved on April 4, 2009.
- "Our History." Worthing High School. Retrieved on August 30, 2010.
- Greene, Andrea D. "Teen-age pregnancies: two success stories/HISD `could do better' to aid teens."[dead link] Houston Chronicle. C1. Retrieved on December 8, 2011.
- "1996-1997 HISD ATTENDANCE BOUNDARIES," Houston Independent School District. June 30, 1997. Retrieved on December 13, 2010. "Redirect students south of the Gulf Freeway from Austin HS to Yates HS "
- "High Schools." Houston Independent School District. April 13, 2002. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
- "Austin High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on December 13, 2010.
- "City of Houston Declares High School’s 80th Anniversary “Yates Day”." Houston Independent School District.
- Scharrer, Gary. "Report points to 'dropout factories'." Houston Chronicle. November 7, 2007. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- Spencer, Jason." Transfer policy hinders schools / `Talent drain' makes it hard for some campuses to meet standards" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Sunday September 4, 2005. B1 MetFront. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Houston ISD board president involved in Yates principal choices, emails show." Houston Community Newspapers. Monday October 24, 2011. Retrieved on November 5, 2011.
- "University Oaks." Harris County. Retrieved on April 5, 2009.
- Map. Washington Terrace Civic Association. Retrieved on November 23, 2008.
- "Yates High School Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District.
- "how to contact us." Cambridge Oaks. Retrieved on August 15, 2011. "Village address Cambridge Oaks 4444 Cullen Boulevard Houston, TX 77004"
- "On-Campus Housing and Communities." University of Houston. Retrieved on August 15, 2011. "Housing Campus Map"
- Connelly, Richard. "The 7 Best-Looking High Schools in Houston." Houston Press. Tuesday May 22, 2012. 2. Retrieved on May 27, 2012.
- "2011-2012 Uniform Dress Code." Yates High School. Retrieved on August 15, 2011.
- "DOCKET NO. 008-R5-901." Texas Education Agency. Accessed October 13, 2008.
- Knight, Paul. "Third Ward High." Houston Press. Wednesday April 7, 2010. p. 1. Retrieved on April 2, 2014.
- Verdejo, Angel. "4A powers La Marque, Yates drop to 3A in new district realignment." Houston Chronicle. February 2, 2012. Retrieved on February 2, 2012.
- "Foster Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Hartsfield Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Lockhart Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "MacArthur Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "HISD PROPOSED ATTENDANCE BOUNDARIES FOR BLACKSHEAR, JW JONES, & GREGORY LINCOLN ES." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
- "Dodson Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "J. P. Henderson Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Kelso Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Peck Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Thompson Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Whidby Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Cullen Middle Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Ryan Middle Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Distinguished HISD Alumni," Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on January 20, 2009
- Steve Henderson Statistics and History. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "CNN's Martin to be honored".
- "Phylicia Rashad Interview - Part 1 of 5". American Archive of Television. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- Guerra, Joey. "Singer Robyn Troup's dreams look poised to be realized." Houston Chronicle. September 26, 2010. Retrieved on September 26, 2010.
- Khan, Sam Jr. "A state title would complete Yates' return to basketball excellence / LIONS' ROAR RESTORED." Houston Chronicle. Friday February 22, 2008. Sports 1. Retrieved on May 3, 2009.
- "Michael Young". Houston Cougars athletics. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yates High School.|
- Official website
- Official website (Archive)
- Jack Yates alumni
- Savejackyates.com - A website created by people trying to take Yates High School out of the low performing school decision process
- Radcliffe, Jennifer. "School officials tighten focus on Yates High issues / Emphasis is on special education rates, increasing feeder resources" (Archive). Houston Chronicle. Saturday November 17, 2007. B2.