The Bell Inn, Yatton Keynell, in 2007
|Population||825 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
Yatton Keynell (pronounced "kennel") is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village is on the B4039 road near Castle Combe, about 4 miles (6 km) northwest of Chippenham, and about the same distance to the east of the county border with South Gloucestershire.
The economy of the parish was historically agricultural although it is now more of a residential area for surrounding towns; its population in the first census of 1801 was 353 and by 2001 reached 745, rising further to 825 at the 2011 census. Yatton Keynell village is surrounded by a green belt and is largely a conservation area.
The village was mentioned in Domesday Book as Getone; there were three estates, one of them having a mill, and the combined population was 16 households. Its name went through several variations, and the "Keynell" appears to have been added in the 13th century after Henry Caynell, who had a landholding in 1242. At about this time, the family gave a tract of land to Stanley Abbey, and the village became a grange of the abbey.
The Manor House is dated 1659 and is Grade II* listed. The rubble stone house has a three-gabled front and was owned by the Snell family from the early 17th century. It is to the west of the modern village, on the road from the church to West Yatton.
The village pub, "The Bell", takes its name from being opposite the church and dates from the 17th century. In 1764, deeds show its name as "The Old Inn" and mention outhouses, stables, a brew house, garden and orchard, remains of which are still visible. The adjacent road, now the B4039 to Castle Combe and beyond, was a toll road and there was a tollbooth close by as recently as 1871.
An unusual milestone in the roadside wall of the rectory garden has a cast-iron plaque showing the distance to Hyde Park Corner, London, as 97 miles, and to Sodbury as 11 miles; the milestone is Grade II listed.
Geography and geology
The limestone grassland found in the parish is more characteristic of the Cotswolds than of Wiltshire. The village and the western part of the parish lie within the southern tongue of the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Sir William Keynell built the parish church in 1250 as thanks for his safe return from The Crusades; as a result, it bears the unusual dedication to St Margaret of Antioch. Only the lower part of the four-stage west tower and perhaps parts of the chancel survive from that time; the rest of the tower and the north side of the nave are from a 15th-century rebuilding, while the remainder was "drastically restored" (Pevsner) to designs of G. E. Street in 1868. The work included re-roofing and the addition of the vestry. The church was designated as Grade I listed in 1960.
The former rectory, on the other side of the main road, has origins in the 17th and 18th centuries and was altered and extended in the early 19th. In 2017 the five-bedroom house was offered for sale at £1.1 million.
The parish is part of the Bybrook grouping, alongside seven other rural parishes.
The parish falls within the By Brook electoral division of Wiltshire Council, a unitary authority, and was represented by Jane Scott for the Conservatives until she stood down in February 2020. The seat remained vacant until the local elections in May 2021, since the COVID-19 pandemic prevented the holding of by-elections.
The parish is represented in Parliament by James Gray for the Conservative Party.
A school was built in 1858–9 at the south end of the village, paid for by subscriptions organised by the vicar. It had a schoolteacher's house facing the road with schoolrooms attached behind, all in local stone. By 1878, attendance had risen to 83. Children of all ages attended until 1945, when those aged 11 and over were transferred to the secondary school at Chippenham.
Numbers had fallen to 27 in 1986 but then increased, reaching 52 in 1995 – still using the Victorian building, supplemented by a mobile classroom and the village hall. A new larger building, By Brook Valley CofE Primary School, opened in 1998 on the other side of the road; as well as replacing the village school, this also enabled the closure of the small schools at Biddestone, Nettleton and Castle Combe.
There is a village hall, a doctors' surgery and a shop with a post office.
- John Aubrey, antiquary and writer, known for his descriptions of Avebury and Stonehenge, attended the church school.
- Sir Charles Snell owned land in Yatton Keynell and sold it to invest in the ship Angel Gabriel for the expedition by Raleigh to Guiana in 1595. The family owned the Manor House in West Yatton Lane from the late 17th century.
- "Yatton Keynell census information". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Yatton Keynell". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- Yatton in the Domesday Book
- Historic England. "The Manor House, Yatton Keynell (1300423)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- Historic England. "The Bell Inn (1183719)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Ebenezer Baptist Chapel, Yatton Keynell". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Congregational Chapel, Yatton Keynell". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- Historic England. "Milestone in roadside wall of the rectory garden (1023026)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Tiddleywink on the map". BBC News. 19 February 2003. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
- "Map" (PDF). Cotswolds AONB. Retrieved 21 March 021.
- "Church of St. Margaret of Antioch, Yatton Keynell". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- Historic England. "Church of St Margaret of Antioch, Yatton Keynell (1356103)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 602. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Yatton Keynell". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- Historic England. "The Rectory (1183717)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Property history - The Old Rectory, The Street, Yatton Keynell, Chippenham SN14 7BA". Zoopla. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "St Margaret, Yatton Keynell". Bybrook Team Ministry. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Councillor resigns following appointment to Government role". Wiltshire Council. 18 February 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- Historic England. "School House and School (1023025)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Yatton Keynell - By Brook Valley C.of E. Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "By Brook Valley Primary School". Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
Media related to Yatton Keynell at Wikimedia Commons