Yavatmal district

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Yavatmal district
यवतमाळ जिल्हा
District of Maharashtra
Location of Yavatmal district in Maharashtra
Location of Yavatmal district in Maharashtra
Country India
State Maharashtra
Administrative division Amravati Division
Headquarters Yavatmal
Tehsils 1.Arni, 2.Umarkhed, 3.Kalamb, 4.Pandharkawada Kelapur, 5.Ghatanji, 6.Zari Jamani, 7.Darwha, 8.Digras, 9.Ner, 10.Pusad, 11.Babhulgaon, 12.Mahagaon, 13.Maregaon, 14.Yavatmal, 15.Ralegaon 16.Wani
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Yavatmal-Washim (shared with Washim district), 2. Hingoli (shared with Hingoli district), 3. Chandrapur (shared with Chandrapur district).
 • Assembly seats 7
Demographics
 • Literacy 57.96%[1]
Website Official website

Yavatmal district (About this sound pronunciation , Marathi: यवतमाळ जिल्हा), formerly known as Yeotmal, is a district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located in the region of Vidarbha, in the east-central part of the state. It is the third largest district after Nagpur and Amravati in vidarbha by population.[2] Yavatmal town is the administrative headquarters of this district. The incumbent District Collector is Ashwin Mudgal.

History[edit]

It is believed that Yavatmal, along with the rest of the erstwhile Berar province, was part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272 to 231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Western Chalukya (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.

A detailed account of Berar was added to the Ain-i-Akbari in 1596-97, immediately after the treaty of Ahmadnagar under which the province was ceded to the empire, and as the Moghal officers cannot have had time, before the account was written, to settle the province and readjust boundaries of its administrative divisions we may regard this description as an account of the province as it was administered by the Nizam Sahi and Imad Sahi kings, and probably also by the Bahamanis. It was divided into thirteen sarkars or revenue districts. The Yavatmal district comprised the greater part of Akbar's sarkars of Kalam and Mahur. But some few mahals of these sarkars lay beyond the present limits of the district. Yavatmal appears in the record as the headquarters of a pargana under the name of Yot-Lohara, Yot being the Urdu or Persian corruption of Yevata, the original name of the town; and Lohara the name of a village about three miles to the west of Yavatmal. The suffix mal is a corruption of mahal (pargana-town). A rough estimate makes the land revenue demand in Akbar's time for the area now occupied by the district rather more than ten lakhs of rupees: but this estimate is rather under than over the mark, while it is certain that collection must always have fallen far short of the nominal demand.

In 1853, the district together with the rest of Berar came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Yavatmal district being included in East Berar. In 1864, Yavatmal along with some other talukas was formed into the district initially called Southeast Berar and later renamed Wani. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India. Cotton is also invented in Yavatmal by "guttsam rishi"

==Geographical Area,Area and Boundary==[3] Location and area

Yavatmal District is situated in the south-western part of Wardha Penganga-Wainganga Kho. The geographical location of the district falls in 19.26 and 20.42 north latitudes and 77.18've 7.9.9 in the eastern line. Amravati and Wardha districts, from east to Chandrapur district, Andhra Pradesh and Nanded district are from the north whereas Parbhani and Akola districts are surrounded by west.

The district's area is 13582 km2 (4.41 percent of the state) and it has a population of 2077144 (2.63 percent of the state). The population density is 153 people per sq. km. That's it. Of the total 35 districts in the state, Yavatmal district is ranked 21st in terms of population of 6th.

Yavatmal is the district headquarters of the district, with a population of 108578, as per the 1991 census. Yavatmal city is connected to other talukas of the district with good roads. In addition, the small line of railways is also in use in the district and he can travel with idols and other cities.

Yavatmal district is composed of hilly terrain and wide and wide area, and the plain is surrounded by landlines. The entire district is surrounded by numerous East West ranges. The central part is a plateau and is standing on a very straight side and hence its height has reached 300 to 600 meters above sea level. Here, the whole hill or the elevation of the top and the peaks are full of peaks. All these terrains are made up of the southern mountain ranges of Berar. In the north, the district has increased till the Panighat, which is called the valley of Berar. These are 65 to 80 kilometers wide. The small part of this which falls in Yavatmal district becomes as the address of the plane. The width of which is 8 to 22 kilometers is the northern boundary of the district. The district is broadly divided into the following six geographical areas.

Bembla basin and Babulgaon tahsil area to the north

Wardha Basin which is scattered in Wardha river, Ralegaon, Maregaon and Wani tehsils of Kalamb

Yavatmal Plateau, which has a large portion of Yavatmal, Kalamb, Kelapur, Ghatanji tehsil and is partly to Babulgaon, Ralegaon and Maregaon tahsils.

Darwha Plateau, which covers entire Darwah tehsil, mostly on Digrasa tehsil, as well as part of Ner, Yavatmal, Ghatanji tehsil

Pusad mountain range is for Pusad, Mahagaon and Umarkhed tehsil

Penganga dari ji, the southern boundary of the district and some parts of other tehsils like Pusad, Umarkhed, Mahagaon, Darwha, Ghatanji, Kelapur, Maregaon and Vani

The main rivers of the district are Wardha and Penganga, each passing by the North-East border. The origin of the river Wardha is on the east side of Multai of Madhya Pradesh. They are usually flowing in the north-east border of the district on the south-east side. Wardha is the only river that has some direction as a guide. Its character is wide and deep, but in flood conditions, water can fall and water in river banks. Rainy monsoon flows in the rainy season, but it is dry in many places in the summer. Banembala and Nirguda are the main tributaries of the Wardha river, both of which carry perennially in the district. The Bembala river is in Amravati district and the last 30 km is cut in Yavatmal district. Nirguda river is situated in Yavatmal district and its length is approximately 165 km. Is there.

Panganga river originates in the city of Ajantha in the southwest of Buldhana. It has also been recognized as the main tributary of the Wardha river. The river is very deep and its route is very strong, Paniganga prepares the south boundaries of the district due to its entire streamline path. Pus, A-Ha, Adan, Waghadi and Kunj are important tributaries of the district of Penganga.

Boundary

The total length of the district to the south is 120 miles, and the maximum width is from north to south 100 miles. The district occupies the southeastern part of Berar, which occupies 1/4 part of the district and the west of Washim and Akola districts. Amravati district on the north and Wardha river on the east is known as the boundary of Wardha and Chandrapur districts in the middle of the region. South is Nanded district and Andhra Pradesh. The Penganga River, which flows through a wide turn, produces the entire southern boundary for the district and finally gets to the Wardha river with south-east extremity.

==Natural Resources==[4]

Natural Minerals The geology of the district is transitional with trap rocks predominating. According to the period of the formation the rocks of peninsula India can be divided into three main groups, the Archean the Purana and Aryan. In the district the Archean rocks were entirely covered by the Puranic rocks. These were in turn covered by the Gondwana system. Next the Deccan traps were spread over all. Finally the action of the atmosphere removed the Deccan traps in parts exposing Gondwana and Laments beds. During the last stage also alluvial soil, the common black cotton soil, was spread over parts of the District.

The Archean group is the oldest. It consists of crystalline rocks of various kinds, the most prominent being Gueisses and schists, and the raks of the Dharwarian system. No Archean rocks has been noticed in the district.

The Purana group occurs next in point of antiquity. It consists of sediments. In parts, as in the Cuddapah. System, the thickness of this group is as much as 20,000 feet. It can be divided in to lower and higher beds. The lower beds consist chiefly of ferruginous jaspers and procellanities, the higher of shales, limestones, and sandstone.

The Aryan group is the most recent and includes two great subdivisions the Gondwana system and the Deccan traps. The Gondwana system is formed of sub-aerial and freshwater deposits. It is divided into lower and upper Gondwanas, and further distinctions are made in these. In the lower Gondwanas there occurs the Damuda Series, which contains the most valuable of the Indian coal seams. In the upper Gondwans there occurs the Mahadeva series which consists chiefly of sandstone .

The Deccan trap is perhaps the most extraordinary of all these formations. It consists of volcanic lava flows, which are spread out, in the form of horizontal sheets or beds. Because of their dominantly basaltic composition and the tendency to form flat topped plateaus, the lavas are termed plateau basalts. Since these basaltic lava flows cover an extensive region in the Deccan and frequently present step like appearance to the hills and ridges they are commonly termed as Deccan traps the word trap meaning ‘step like’. The rocks wither by exfoliation into, massive spheroid boulders which are usually seen on hill slopes and foot hills. In some flows the basalt is columnar end weathers into fantastic shapes.

At the base of the Deccan trap there are beds known as the Lomita series. They consists chiefly of limestone. They were probably formed by the weathering of the Gondwana or other rocks before lava spread over them.

The district has rich deposits of coal. The coal fields geologically belong to the Barakav stage of the Damuda series of the Lower Gondwanas system. The district also has extensive deposits of good quality limestone, belong to the Vindhyan system, which is suitable for the manufacture of cement.

Most of the district is covered by Deccan traps. Trap rocks are generally barren of any economically useful and important minerals. But being hard, dense and durable they are extensively used as building stones, road metal, railway ballast and as an aggregate for concrete mixtures.

Forest wealth

There are dense forest found in Pusad, Digras, Arni, Ghatanji, Maregaon and Yavatmal talukas of Yavatmal district. Tipeshwar, Tiwsala, Umbarda and Bitargaon are the well-known forests of the district. Trees like teak, bamboo, tendu, hirda, apta and moha available in the forests.

Wild-bear, Deer, Nilgai, Sambar and Hyena are some of the animals found in the forests. Tipeshwar and Painganga are the two wild-life sanctuaries in the district. The Peacock, our national bird, can be seen in these forests.

==Tourist places==[5] Journey - The journey of Shri Baba Baba in Digras and Shri Ranganath Swamy at Wani can be considered as important in these two travel districts. Similarly, Shri Chintamani travels of Kalamb, Ghatanji Maroti Maharaj Yatra, and Shree Datta Jayanti festival at Jambhora Mahur are celebrated in the same place. Also, Mahashivratri festival in Pusad, Mahagaon is also like watching. In the yatra, neighboring places are traded and traded by shops and shops. In this case, large quantities of food grains, daily use utensils, agricultural implements etc. are sold. People make the necessary purchases in bulk in large quantities. Shri Ranganath Swamy's visit is very famous for the purchase of cows and bullocks.

Historical and tourist places - castles, old temples, travel and trip spots role in shaping the economic and social development of the district all these things. There is no such historical fort from the sights of tourist attractions in the district. Some temples and beautiful forested tourist spots are also popular among devotees and pilgrims. Niranjan Mahur, Anji (Ghatanji) at the temple of the Lord Nrusinh, are displayed to some important places in the district Maharaj Temple khates at jodamoha etc. Hot water springs in Kapeshwar, on the banks of Penganga, are always attracting tourists

Shree Chintamani Ganesh Temple at Kalamb - This place, which has a legendary background, is situated on the Nagpur-Yavatmal Highway. In this place, the temple of Shri Chintamani Ganesha is found in a particular form below the land. Ganesh-Kund, famous in this place, can also be seen. This place situated on the bank of the river Chakravati has always been awake for the devotees. In Magh-Pure Month, a big yatra of Shri Chintamani travels from Chaturthi to Saptami.

Wani - Wani, situated in Tehsil headquarters, is situated on the bank of river Nirguda. Here is a famous temple of Shri Ranganath Swamy. Thousands of devotees come to the temple from Phalgun to Chaitra pure 15. Wani is one of the major trading centers in the district. Here the fodder market fills a large amount. Coalless mines are found in large numbers around the city. Therefore, the city has been connected with roads and railways in other cities.

Yavatmal - The district headquarter is known as the largest city in the district. Cotton is an important crop in the district because of its huge market. Cotton-based products such as cotton collection centers, ginning factories, yarn etc. Here you can see them. Here is a big project related to Raymond Group's textile industry. Oil and pulses, wood cutting machines etc. Cities are found. Educational facilities such as Medical College, Ayurvedic College, Polytechnic Institutions / Colleges for Children / Girls, Physical Education Colleges, are available in the city. Jagat Mandir and Sukha Masjid are also counted in the Mahavva places of the city.

Arni - This city is situated on the banks of the Arunavati river, where filling the big journey of Baba Kamalposh (Urs-Sharif). The Muslim brothers celebrate this festival in a big way. For three days the program is full of various activities. During this period, there was a huge turnover in the city. Due to the entertainment of various entertainment spheres, keeping houses, circuses, keeping a different kind of sky etc., it is very important for a man to grow old. Many shops of sweets and toys are being held here Hindu-Muslim and other religious people bring a sheet on the dargah and take blessings. It can be seen here by looking at national integration.

==Rain and Weather==[6] Rain:-

Average 9 11.34 mm in district It rains so much. Over the past few years, due to uncertainty in the rains, rabi crops have decreased dramatically. Due to heavy rainfall sometimes on occasion, due to heavy rainfall the crops are destroyed in some parts of the district or entire land is scarcity. If you think of the last 12 years, it rains at the right time and at the right time. In the last 25 years, it was 6 inches in June, 12 in July, 8 in August, 7 inches in September and 2 inches in October. It also has less than 1 inch of rainfall in the rest of the month. Yavatmal district is colder than Amravati and Akola districts but is not colder than Buldhana. Here the atmosphere of hot air shakes is hot in the atmosphere. So the night is cold.

Weather:-

Generally, the district's climate is hot and dry, and the winter is very cold. The whole year can be divided into four seasons. Starts in the summer season and stays up to the first week of June. Thereafter, southwest monsoon rains take place and it till the end of September. The northern monsoon forms in October and November, and finally the winter season finally arrives, which ends at the end of February.

Most of the total annual rainfall was due to the southwest monsoon rains. There is no rain in all the places in the district. In the eastern region of the district, there is 1125 mm of rain in the west and 889 mm in the west of Darwaja and 10 99.5 mm in the central yavatmal. Generally the amount of rainfall increases as you go from west to east.

The summer season is between March and May, and the day and night temperature are constantly increasing. May is usually the hottest month of the year, the average daily temperature reaches 42 degrees Celsius, and once the southwest monsoon rains have started, the temperature decreases and the atmosphere becomes very pleasant. As the monsoon starts to accumulate, the night temperature decreases by increasing the temperature of the day. There was a sudden decrease in day and night temperatures from the end of November. December is the coldest month of the year, with the average daily minimum temperature being 13 degree Celsius. Sometimes the temperature of the district falls below 5 degrees Celsius due to the humidity of the northern cooling air.

In the rainy season, the sky is covered with clouds and black clouds are covered with clouds. In the rest of the year, the sky is dry with clear or slightly cloudy clouds

Divisions[edit]

Yavatmal District forms the southeast corner of Amravati Division, which corresponds to the former British Raj province of Berar.

Yavatmal district comprises sixteen tehsils namely:

  1. Arni
  2. Babhulgaon
  3. Darwha
  4. Digras
  5. Ghatanji
  6. Kalamb
  7. Mahagaon
  8. Maregaon
  9. Ner
  10. Pandharkawada (Kelapur)
  11. Pusad
  12. Ralegaon
  13. Umarkhed
  14. Wani
  15. Yavatmal
  16. Zari Jamani

There are seven Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district, namely:

  1. Digras
  2. Arni (ST)
  3. Pusad
  4. Ralegaon (ST)
  5. Umarkhed (SC).
  6. Wani
  7. Yavatmal (ST)

Yavatmal town is the administrative headquarters of this district.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Yavatmal district has a population of 2,775,457,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[8] or the US state of Utah.[9] This gives it a ranking of 141st in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 204 inhabitants per square kilometre (530/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.9%.[7] Yavatmal has a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 80.7%.[7]

As per Census of 2001, 81% of the people are Hindu, 9% Buddhist and 8% Muslim.

Languages[edit]

Languages used in the district include Andh, an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 100,000 people.[10]

Marathi is the major language. Other languages spoken are Urdu, Hindi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Banjari, Gondi and Kolami. The dialect used here is known as the Varhadi dialect.

Religion[edit]

The statistics of religion show that Hindus constitute 81% of the population, Animists 13% and Muslims 5%. In 1991 the district had 2568 Jains and 209 Christians. People from all religion castes and creed live together in harmony.

Culture[edit]

The district has various entrenched cultures and has tribal communities; including the Gond Raja, Gond Pardhan, Kolam, Aandh and Banjara amongst others. Various fairs relating to religious reasons take place in the district including:

  • Maroti and Gajanan Maharaj Fair, Ghatanji
  • Shri Chintamani Fair, Kalamb
  • Shri Dutt Jayanti Fair, Mahur
  • The Jambhora and Mahashiv Ratri in Wani, Pusan and Mahagaon
  • Shri Rangnaath Swamy, Wani
  • Amba Devi, Kelapur
  • Baba Kambalposh fair, Arni
  • Uroos in Aarni
  • Fakiraji Maharaj Fair, Dhanaj Manikwada
  • Ghanti Baba chi Yatra, Digras

Transport[edit]

National Highway 7 passes through the district.

Economy[edit]

Jowar and cotton are the main produce of the district. Cotton and teakwood are the chief exports of the district. Other items exported include lime, wooden furniture and oranges.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Yavatmal one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[11] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://yavatmal.nic.in/mDist_glance.htm
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://yavatmal.nic.in/mLocation.htm
  4. ^ http://yavatmal.nic.in/mNatural_wealths.htm
  5. ^ http://yavatmal.nic.in/mPlaces.htm
  6. ^ http://yavatmal.nic.in/mClimate.htm
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Utah 2,763,885 
  10. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Andh: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  11. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°06′N 78°12′E / 20.1°N 78.2°E / 20.1; 78.2