Yavne'el

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Yavne'el

  • יַבְנְאֵל
  • يفنيئيل
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Yabnˀel
View of Yavne'el
View of Yavne'el
Yavne'el is located in Northeast Israel
Yavne'el
Yavne'el
Coordinates: 32°42′34″N 35°29′58″E / 32.70944°N 35.49944°E / 32.70944; 35.49944Coordinates: 32°42′34″N 35°29′58″E / 32.70944°N 35.49944°E / 32.70944; 35.49944
Grid position197/234 PAL
DistrictNorthern
Founded1901
Government
 • TypeLocal council (from 1951)
 • Head of MunicipalityRonny Cohen
Area
 • Total31,680 dunams (31.68 km2 or 12.23 sq mi)
Population
(2017)[1]
 • Total4,281
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)

Yavne'el (Hebrew: יַבְנְאֵל‬, Arabic: يفنيئيل‎) is a moshava and local council in the Northern District of Israel. It is one of the oldest rural Jewish communities in the country.[2] In 2017 it had a population of 4,281.

History[edit]

Yavne'el in 1910

Remains from the Late Bronze Age,[3][4] Iron Age I–II,[3] Persian,[3] Hellenistic,[5] Roman,[3] and Late Byzantine[3][4][6] eras have been found here.

A residential building constructed in the Umayyad period that continued to be inhabited during the Abbasid period (eighth–tenth centuries CE) has been excavated here.[7]

Remains from the Mamluk era have also been found.[6][4]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman era the Muslim village in the area was known as ‘’Yemma’’.[8] The village was mentioned in the Ottoman defter for the year 1555-6, located in the Nahiya of Tabariyya of the Liwa of Safad, with its land designated as Timar land.[9]

A map by Pierre Jacotin from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 noted the place.[10] In 1875 Victor Guérin visited, and described the village as rather ruined and built of basaltic stone, situated in a fertile valley.[11] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Yemma as having basaltic stone houses, containing 100 Muslims, on an arable plain. There were no gardens or trees, but two springs were near, and the village had cisterns.[12] To the south-west of this site there was a supply of water among the rocks of the valley.[13]

Yavne'el was established by the Jewish Colonization Association on lands bought by the Baron Rothschild, by villagers from Metula and from the Hauran region (Jewish settlers of the Hauran or "Horan" as it was called, had been evicted from there in 1898 by the Ottoman authorities).[14]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Yabnieh (Yamma) had a total population of 447; 82 Muslims and 365 Jews.[15] At the time of the 1931 census, Yavneel still had exactly the same population of 447; but now it was 56 Muslims and 391 Jews, in a total of 102 houses.[16]

In the 1945 statistics, Yavneel was home to 590 people, all Jews.[17][18]

Moshav Yavne’el, 1948

State of Israel[edit]

Located southwest of Tiberias, it was declared a local council in 1951. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Yavne'el had a population of 3,100 in 2008, with a growth rate of 1.4%. The local council is jointly responsible for Yavne'el, Beit Gan, Mishmar HaShlosha, and Smadar. Many organizations were established in Yavne'el, including the Israeli Farmers Union, the Galilee Squadron and the Golani Brigade.[citation needed]

Breslov City[edit]

In 1986, Rabbi Eliezer Shlomo Schick founded a Breslov community largely consisting of baalei teshuvah (newly religious) adherents in Yavne'el. As of 2015 this community, which calls itself "Breslov City", numbers nearly 400 families, representing 30 percent of the town's population.[19] The community has its own educational and civic organizations, including a Talmud Torah, girls' school, yeshiva ketana, yeshiva gedola, kollel,[20] beis medrash (study/prayer hall), and charity and humanitarian organizations.[19]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Tradition, Innovation, Conflict: Jewishness and Judaism in Contemporary Israel, ed. Zvi Sobel and Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi
  3. ^ a b c d e Leibowitz 1995, cited in Hanna, 2017, Yavne’el
  4. ^ a b c Brink, van den, 2017, Yavne’el, Tel Yin’am
  5. ^ Dalali-Amos, 2011, Yavne’el, Bet Gan
  6. ^ a b Hanna, 2009, Yavne’el
  7. ^ Hanna, 2017, Yavne’el
  8. ^ from a personal name, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 138
  9. ^ Rohde, 1979, p. 104
  10. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 167.
  11. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 268
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 362
  13. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 379
  14. ^ Ben-Porat, Amir (1991). "Immigration, proletarianization, and deproletarianization A case study of the Jewish working class in Palestine, 1882-1914". Theory and Society (20): 244.
  15. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-District of Tiberius, p. 39
  16. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 85
  17. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 12
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 73
  19. ^ a b "Harav Eliezer Shlomo Shick, zt"l, of Yavne'el". Hamodia, Israel news, February 12, 2015, p. 9.
  20. ^ Tzoren, Moshe Michael. "Away From the Hustle and Bustle of the Big City: Investors from Israel and abroad are buying up large lots in Yavniel, a quiet village in the Galilee, with an eye on building hundreds of housing units for the chareidi public". Hamodia Israel news, 23 December 2010, pp. A26-A27. Retrieved 29 January 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]