Location of Yawatahama in Ehime Prefecture
|• Mayor||Ichiro Oshiro (since April 2009)|
|• Total||133.03 km2 (51.36 sq mi)|
|Population (March 31, 2012)|
|• Density||287.96/km2 (745.8/sq mi)|
|• Tree||Mikan (温州蜜柑 Unshū mikan?)|
|• Flower||Narcissus (水仙 Suisen?)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City hall address||1-1-1 Kitahama, Yawatahama-shi, Ehime-ken
It is said that name "Yawatahama" (八幡浜) comes from long ago when debris from a festival at the main Hachiman (八幡) shrine in Usa, Ōita, floated up on the beach (浜) in what is now Yawatahama. In 1889, during the Meiji Period the Yawatahama became a city under the new municipal system.
Around that time, Yawatahama was referred to as the Manchester of Shikoku due to rapidly increasing industry. As an industrial center for Ehime, the first bank in Ehime was opened in Yawatahama in 1878. In addition, in 1889, Yawatahama was the first city in Shikoku to burn an electric light.
- February 11, 1935 - Yawatahama combined with Senjo, Hitada, and Kamiyama
- February 1, 1955 - A locality of Futaiwa, as well as Hizuchi, Maana, and Kawakami were added.
- March 31, 1955 - Nishiuwa District's Isotsu, Miyauchi, Kawanoishi, and Kisuki towns merge under the name Honai.
- March 28, 2005 - Yawatahama and Honai were merge under the name Yawatahama
Yawatahama exists as a link between The Sadamisaki Peninsula, Japan's longest Peninsula, and the rest of Shikoku. For a long time, the city's naturally good harbor has served as an important one for Ehime Prefecture and Shikoku. Flat land is exceedingly sparse and the hilly terrain has been used for citrus production.
Nearby Cities and Towns
An express JR Shikoku Station is located in the town giving Yawatahama frequent train service throughout the day.
Known as Japan's best producer of mikans, Yawatahama's agricultural industry centers around the cultivation and production of these citrus fruits. Mikan groves are primarily located on the city's mountain sides in order to receive the maximum amount of sunlight.
Yawatahama's mikan production is governed by the Nishiuwa Agricultural cooperative, which is responsible for the distribution and branding of Yawatahama mikans. This cooperative distributes the fruits nationwide under such brand names as "Hinomaru" (日の丸) and "Kawakami" (川上).
Occasional snow during the winter months can deal great damage to the mikan industry.
Yawatahama Port is located on the coast of Ehime, bordering the Uwa Sea, at the Sadamisaki Peninsula. Because of its location as well as its proximity to the Inland Sea, Yawatahama's fishing and marine products industry had been able to prosper for many years.
As a major fishing port for Ehime Prefecture, the town has a daily fish market where marine products are available at wholesale to restaurants and supermarkets. A few times each month, the town offers a weekend fish market which is open to the public. While the Uwa Sea offers a wide variety of fish and shellfish products, Yawatahama's regional specialty is Japanese Jack Mackerel (鯵 "aji").
Yawatahama's marine product industry extends beyond just fresh fish. The town also specializes in fish products including fish paste and fishcakes made from pureed white fish. This is known as kamaboko (蒲鉾). Yawatahama, along with Uwajima, have numerous shops selling a variety of kamaboko. One local delicacy is jakoten (じゃこ天), or kamaboko fried tempura-style.
- Yawatahama High School
- Yawatahama Technical High School
- Kawanoishi High School
Junior High Schools
- Atago Junior High School
- Yashiro Junior High School
- Matsukaya Junior High School
- Maana Junior High School
- Futaiwa Junior High School
- Ōshima Junior High School
- Honai Junior High School
- Seiseki Junior High School
- Moriyuki Kato, the governor of Ehime Prefecture
- Chūhachi Ninomiya, a Japanese aviation pioneer
- Maedayama Eigorō, a sumo wrestler who was the sport's 39th Yokozuna
- Jōkō Ninomiya, founder and director of Enshin Karate
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