Yazid Sufaat (born 20 January 1964)—also known as Yazud bin Sufaat or Yazid Shufaat—is a Malaysian member of the Islamist terrorist organisation Jemaah Islamiyah from shortly after its foundation in 1993 until his arrest by Malaysian authorities in 2001. His specialty had been to develop anthrax as a weapon of bio-terrorism on behalf of al-Qaeda. Released in 2008, he was again detained on terrorist charges in Malaysia in 2013.
Sufaat was born in Johor, Malaysia in 1964. In 1987, he graduated from the California State University, Sacramento with a degree in biochemistry. He then served in the Malaysian army as a medical technician, rising to the rank of Captain.
Sufaat is now believed to be one of al-Qaeda's main anthrax researchers. In 1993 Sufaat set up a pathology laboratory called Green Laboratory Medicine, at which he subsequently tried to weaponise anthrax on behalf of al-Qaeda. From 5 to 8 January 2000, a major meeting of al-Qaeda and JI personnel was held in Kuala Lumpur (see 2000 Kuala Lumpur al-Qaeda Summit); four of those who attended stayed with Sufaat at his home. He is also suspected of providing employment documents to Zacarias Moussaoui, and providing lodging for two of the 11 September hijackers, namely Khalid al-Midhar and Nawaf al-Hazmi.
The al-Qaeda-JI partnership yielded a number of proposals that would marry al-Qaeda's financial and technical strengths with JI's access to materials and local operatives. Here, Hambali played the critical role of coordinator, as he distributed al-Qaeda funds earmarked for joint operations. In one especially notable example, Atef turned to Hambali when al-Qaeda needed a scientist to take over its biological weapons program. Hambali obliged by introducing a U.S.-educated JI member, Yazid Sufaat, to Ayman al-Zawahiri in Kandahar. In 2001, Sufaat would spend several months attempting to cultivate anthrax for al-Qaeda in a laboratory he helped set up near the Kandahar airport.
Sufaat, through his company Green Laboratory Medicine, acquired four tonnes of ammonium nitrate for JI/MILF bomb-maker Fathur Rahman al-Ghozi. The intended bombing spree in Singapore (see Singapore embassies attack plot) was averted by the arrests in Singapore on 9 December 2001 and the capture of al-Ghozi in the Philippines the following month.
At the time of the 9/11 attacks, Sufaat was still in Afghanistan whence he fled via Pakistan to Malaysia where he was soon apprehended. He is still wanted by the United States in connection with 9/11.
His assets—under the name of Yazud bin Sufaat—were frozen on 5 September 2003 by the US Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control. Four days later, under the name Yazid Sufaat, he was embargoed by the United Nations Security Council Committee 1267 as an affiliate of al-Qaeda and the Taliban. His expired Malaysian passport carries number A10472263. As of April 2007 he was being held in the Kamuting prison under Malaysia's Internal Security Act, but he was released with no advanced notification by the Malaysian Government on 10 December 2008 with the Home Minister claiming that he was "sufficiently reformed". In early 2013, Sufaat was again detained in Malaysia under the Security Offences (Special Measures) Act for incitement of terrorist acts. He was to have been tried.
- Sufaat, Yazid at MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base
- Reports: Al-Qaeda operative sought anthrax, CNN, 10 October 2003
- Yazid Sufaat, GlobalSecurity.org
- Yazid Sufaat works on anthrax for al-Qaeda, GlobalSecurity.org
- Is Al-Qaeda Making Anthrax?, CBS News, 9 October 2003
- The Kuala Lumpur meeting, at GlobalSecurity.org
- The 9/11 Commission Report; about the summit, see page 159
- Untangling The Web, Time, 28 January 2002
- US Treasury announcement of 20 names added to the Specially Designated Global Terrorist list, 5 Sept 2003
- UN list of affiliates of al-Qaeda and the Taliban
- "Al Qaeda's anthrax scientist". Thomas Joscelyn. 12 December 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2008. mirror
- New Straits Times. "Detention of trio under Security Offences Act has global impact" Retrieved 11 February 2013"