Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad
|Locale||Memphis, TN to New Orleans, LA|
|Dates of operation||1882–1946|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad (Y&MV) was incorporated in 1882 and was part of the Illinois Central Railroad system (IC). Construction began in Jackson, Mississippi, and continued to Yazoo City, Mississippi. The line was later expanded through the Mississippi Delta and on to Memphis, Tennessee. In 1886, the IC purchased the Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad. In 1892, the IC bought the Memphis to New Orleans Louisville, New Orleans and Texas Railway. These lines were merged it into the Y&MV.
Between 1945 and 1946 the IC began to absorb its subsidiaries and the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad ceased to operate as an independent railroad.
The railroad - or its predecessor, the Yazoo Delta Railway (Moorhead-Ruleville) - appears in a number of blues songs as the Yellow Dog Railroad. According W. C. Handy, locals assigned the words "Yellow Dog" to the letters Y.D. on the freight trains that they saw.
The Mississippi Blues Commission placed a historic marker at the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad depot site in Rosedale, Mississippi, designating it as a site on the Mississippi Blues Trail. The marker commemorates the original lyrics of legendary blues artist Robert Johnson's "Traveling Riverside Blues" which traced the route of the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Railroad which ran south from Friars Point to Rosedale among other stops, including Vicksburg and north to Memphis. The marker emphasizes a common theme of blues songs of riding on the railroad, which is seen as a metaphor for escape.
- Yazoo & Mississippi Depot in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
- Yazoo & Mississippi Depot in Clarksdale, Mississippi
- "A Brief History of DeSoto County Mississippi". DeSoto County, Mississippi. Retrieved May 2015.
- Father of the Blues: An Autobiography By W. C. Handy, Arna Wendell Bontemps Contributor Abbe Niles Published by Da Capo Press, 1991 page 267. ISBN 0-306-80421-2, ISBN 978-0-306-80421-2
- "Mississippi Blues Trail Markers To Be Unveiled in Bolivar County" (PDF). Mississippi Development Authority. Retrieved 2008-05-29.[dead link]
- Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Chapter NRHS
- Yazoo & Mississippi Valley Railroad Company Ledger(MUM00497) at the University of Mississippi, Archives and Special Collections.