Yedigöller National Park

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Yedigöller National Park
Yedigöller Milli Parkı
IUCN category II (national park)
Yedigoller 1163 nevit.jpg
Yedigöller National Park
Map showing the location of Yedigöller National Park
Map showing the location of Yedigöller National Park
Yedigöller NP
Location Bolu Province, Turkey
Nearest city Istanbul
Coordinates 39°48′21″N 31°43′59″E / 39.80590°N 31.733°E / 39.80590; 31.733Coordinates: 39°48′21″N 31°43′59″E / 39.80590°N 31.733°E / 39.80590; 31.733
Area 1,623 ha (6.27 sq mi)
Established 1965

The Yedigöller National Park (Turkish: Yedigöller, "seven lakes") also known as Seven Lakes National Park is located in the northern part of Bolu Province in Turkey.[1][2] The park is categorized under IUCN II and was established in 1965.[3] The park is best known for the seven lakes formed by landslides and for its profusion of plant life.[1]

Geography[edit]

The park is located at an elevation of 900 metres (3,000 ft) in Mengen district in the north of Bolu Province and to the south of Zonguldak in the western Black Sea region. Established in 1965, it encompasses an area of 1,623 hectares (4,010 acres).[1][4] There are seven lakes in the park which were formed due to landslides.[5] The seven lakes are Buyukgol, Deringol, Seringol, Nazligol, Sazligol, Incegol and Kucukgol.[1] Several streams flow through the park some of which have handcrafted bridges across them and a small water fall.[1][6]

The park is located between Istanbul and Ankara. Access is from the Yenicaga road, 152 kilometres (94 mi) from the Ankara – Istanbul highway. During the winter the alternate road is only from the Yenicaga – Mengen – Yazicik road.[6] It is 42 kilometres (26 mi) to the north of Bolu. Kapankaya mountain peak is within the park and provides a vantage location to view the scenic beauty of the park. It is accessible all through the year.[1]

The park also has trekking paths and camps to stay,[4] in the form of tents, caravans, rest houses and bungalows.[6] There are also hot springs in the park, and the ski centers here are well known in Turkey.[1]

The specific studies related to Saprobic values of decayed organic matter of the park indicate a range between oligosaprobic and beta-mesosaprobic status. The water quality of the streams in the park is classified as Class I and II.[7]

Flora[edit]

Colourful flora in the park

The vegetation consists of beech trees, oaks, hornbeams, firs, elms, hazel nuts, spruces, alders, lime trees, black pines and Scotch pines.[1][2][6]

Fauna[edit]

Wildlife within the park includes, but is not limited to, red deer, roe deer, wild boar, brown bears, wolves, red fox, lynx, jungle cats, otters and squirrels. As result of better protection conditions in the park the population of animals has increased. The park has an exclusive protected area for deer. A trout farm has also been established in the park.[1][6] New insect species Ephemeroptera identified in the park are Ecdyonurus starmachi, Paraleptophlebia cincta, Caenis martae, and Baetis lapponicus.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Yedigoller (Seven Lakes) National Park". National Parks of Turkey. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Turkey". Green Spots. WWF Panda Organization. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  3. ^ Centre & Areas 1990, p. 173.
  4. ^ a b "In Photos: Yedigöller National Park lures visitors with colors of autumn". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Bolu – Yedigöller National Park". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. 2005. Retrieved 26 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "National Parks". Government of Turkey. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Research on Ephemeroptera (Insecta) Fauna of Yedigöller National Park (Bolu, Turkey): water quality and reference habitat indicators". Researchgate Journal. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Yedigöller at Wikimedia Commons