Yedikule

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Yedikule
Neighbourhood
Yedikule is located in Istanbul Fatih
Yedikule
Yedikule
Location of Yedikule in Istanbul
Coordinates: 40°59′36″N 28°55′23″E / 40.9933525°N 28.923093°E / 40.9933525; 28.923093Coordinates: 40°59′36″N 28°55′23″E / 40.9933525°N 28.923093°E / 40.9933525; 28.923093
Country Turkey
ProvinceIstanbul
DistrictFatih
Time zoneGMT +2
Area code(s)(+90) 212

Yedikule (English: Seven Towers) is a neighborhood of Fatih, Istanbul in Turkey. It is named after the seven-towered Yedikule Fortress, which surrounds the neighborhood. Urbanized in the 16th century, the neighborhood became a hub for industrial and agricultural activities. Yedikule has a local football team Yedikule GSK [tr] that played in the TFF Second League for a season.[1]

Marmaray passes through the neighbourhood, however Yedikule railway station is closed and the trains do not serve to the neighbourhood.

History[edit]

Urbanization of Yedikule started in 16th century, and became a major hub for industrial and agricultural activities.[2] Yedikule Walls (also known as Theodosius Walls) are also an notable historical artifact. Its tower, Yedikule Fortress, constructed between 408-450 AD, and repaired after 740 Istanbul earthquake.[3]

Ottoman period[edit]

Yedikule was known with its gardens, Yedikule Urban Gardens, which was also famous with its cabbages and lettuces and used more than 1500 years.[4] According to the guarantor books of year 1735, there were 344 gardens (including nine gardens which is established between "Surdibi" area, which stretch between Yedikule Gate and Silivri Gate); according to a map from 1835, there were 102 gardens.[4]

Yedikule (with Edirnekapı) was also became host for some establishments like slaughterhouses, soap and candle makers, and workshops.[2]

Modern times[edit]

Yedikule became highly populated after the population boom in Istanbul between 1940s-1980s; and as a result of that, the Urban Gardens and industrial areas became residential areas and some parts of Urban Gardens used for build Otoyol 1 and create waste-filling areas in 1970s. The municipality of İstanbul started a rehabilitation project for remaining parts of Urban Gardens.[5] Ekrem İmamoğlu, as the Mayor of Istanbul, stated that: "I'm ashamed from that the walls (Yedikule Walls) hasn't been toured since years." [6]

Soil and seismology[edit]

A major seismically active fault zone, the North Anatolian Fault, passes offshore from Yedikule in the Sea of Marmara.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Yedikule was including a notable non-Muslim population and schools until the recent times. There is also Greek and Armenian churches and an Armenian hospital, Yedikule Surp Pıgiç Hospital.[8] Its population is 18,879 according to 2019 census.[9]

In popular culture[edit]

Kazım Koyuncu gave a concert in Yedikule Fortress in 2004.[10] Yedikule also hosted thematic festivals such as Lettuce Feast (Turkish: Marul Bayramı) in the past.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mahallî Ligin umumi bilançosu". Cumhuriyet. 16 June 1961. p. 6.
  2. ^ a b Akyazıcı Özkoçak, Selma (2003). "Two urban districts in early modern Istanbul: Edirnekapı and Yedikule". Urban History. 30 (1): 26–43. ISSN 0963-9268. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  3. ^ Acun Özgünler, Seden; Ersen, Ahmet; Güleç, Ahmet (1 December 2010). "Yedikule Kara Surları'nda Kullanılan Erken Bizans Dönemi Harçlarının Karakterizasyonu Üzerine Bir Araştırma". Restorasyon ve Konservasyon Çalışmaları Dergisi (in Turkish) (5): 31–39. ISSN 1309-7016. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  4. ^ a b Kanbak, Ayşegül (2016). "İstanbul Yedikule bostanları: Bir yerinden üretim pratiği". ISSN 2147-4877. Retrieved 9 January 2021. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ a b Durusoy, Elifnaz (2016). "Historic Landscape vs. Urban Commodity?: The Case of Yedikule Urban Gardens, Istanbul". MEGARON / Yıldız Technical University, Faculty of Architecture E-Journal. doi:10.5505/MEGARON.2016.48343. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  6. ^ "BAŞKAN İMAMOĞLU'NDAN "TARİHİ SURLAR" YORUMU: "SURLARIN YILLARDIR GEZİLMEMESİNDEN UTANIYORUM"". www.ibb.istanbul. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ Keskinsezer, Ayhan; Beyhan, Günay; Gallajov, Javid (8 August 2019). "Investigation of the soil structure of the area between Yedikule to Sirkeci (İstanbul) using PS logging and earthquake data". Russian Journal of Earth Sciences. 19 (4): 1–12. doi:10.2205/2019ES000668. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  8. ^ Kalkan, Ersin (2002). 168 yıllık sağlık abidesi: Yedikule Surp Pıgiç Hastanesi'nin tarihi yazıldı.
  9. ^ "YEDİKULE MAHALLESİ NÜFUSU, FATİH İSTANBUL". www.nufusune.com. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  10. ^ Solomon, Thomas (2017). "Who Are the Laz? Cultural Identity and the Musical Public Sphere on the Turkish Black Sea Coast". The World of Music. 6 (2): 83–113. ISSN 0043-8774. Retrieved 10 January 2021.