|Deputy Prime Minister|
3 March 2011 – June 2011
|Prime Minister||Essam Sharaf|
|Succeeded by||Ali El Selmi|
January 2011 – March 2011
|Prime Minister||Ahmed Shafik|
|Minister of State and Administrative Reform|
|Prime Minister||Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi|
|Born||15 August 1930|
|Died||21 November 2016 (aged 86)|
|Political party||Democratic Front Party|
Yehia Abdel Aziz Abdel Fatah El-Gamal (Arabic: يحيى عبد العزيز عبد الفتاح الجمل, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ˈjeħjæ ʕæbdelʕæˈziːz ʕæbdelfætˈtæːħ]; 15 August 1930 – 21 November 2016) was an Egyptian lawyer and politician (DFP). From January to July 2011, he was the deputy prime minister of Egypt.
El Gamal was a minister of state and administrative reform from 1974 to 1975 under the premiership of Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi and the presidency of Anwar Sadat. Since 1975 he has been a professor for constitutional law at the Cairo University. He served as a cultural attaché in Paris during Farouk Hosni’s term as minister of culture at the beginning of the 2000s. He was also a member of the People’s Assembly.
In 2007, he co-founded the liberal Democratic Front Party. On 29 January 2011, interim Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik made him his deputy. El-Gamal kept his office when Essam Sharaf succeeded Shafik as prime minister on 3 March, and he was sworn in on 7 March. In late June he handed in his resignation, but head of state Mohamed Hussein Tantawi asked him to carry on with his duties. After massive new protests on Tahrir Square in Cairo, El-Gamal resigned on 12 July 2011.
He is an adherent of the National Association for Change which endorsed the candidacy of Mohamed ElBaradei for the 2011 presidential election. In addition, he chaired the National Consensus, a conference that monitored the interim period. Yehia El-Gamal accused Israel of being responsible for the difficulties and conflicts Egypt was facing.
Law and academic career
El Gamal served as visiting professor at different universities, including Kuwait University, Khartoum University, Baghdad University, Rabat University and Georgetown University. He is a member of the board of trustees of the Arab Organization for Human Rights and of the International Court of Arbitration, among the others. In addition, he is a counsel for the Kuwaiti law firm AlBisher Legal.
El Gamal published several books concerning constitutional and administrative law, contemporary political systems and local government. In addition, he published his memoirs in a book entitled, Kesat Haya Adeyya (An Ordinary Life Story in English). It was first published in 2002 by the El Helal publications. His book was republished in 2011 by the Dar El Shorouk publications.
- Cabinet of Ministers, The Egyptian Cabinet, retrieved 26 June 2011
- "Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). The Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- Mahmoud, Sayed (20 March 2011). "Book review: El-Gamal: An Ordinary Life?". Ahram Online. Retrieved 10 December 2012.
- "Deputy PM Yehia El-Gamal hands in resignation, turned down by Tantawi", Al Ahram Online, 22 June 2011, retrieved 26 June 2011
- Egypt's deputy PM resigns amid protests, Al Jazeera English, 12 July 2011, retrieved 17 July 2011
- Schanzer, J.; Abaza, K. (22 April 2010), The ElBaradei Candidacy, crethiplethi.com, retrieved 26 June 2011
- "Egypt's National Consensus asks military council to end presidential poll", Ahram Online, 26 June 2011, retrieved 27 June 2011
- "Israel behind sectarian tension in Egypt: Deputy PM", Ahram Online, 13 June 2011, retrieved 27 June 2011
- martindale.com Lawyer Profile, retrieved 26 June 2011