|Date of birth||31 October 1924|
|Place of birth||Oradea, Romania|
|Year of aliyah||1944|
|Date of death||9 July 2010(aged 85)|
|Place of death||Jerusalem, Israel|
|1995–1996||Minister without Portfolio|
Yehuda Klein (later Amital) was born in Oradea, Romania, son of Yekutiel Ze'ev and Devora. After four years of secular primary education, he began religious studies with Rabbi Chaim Yehuda Levi. When Germany occupied the area in 1944, the Nazis sent his entire family to Auschwitz where they were killed. Amital was sent to a labor camp, thus surviving the Holocaust. He remained in the labor camp for eight months, and was liberated on October 4, 1944 by the Soviet Army. After his liberation he made his way to Bucharest, from where he travelled to Palestine, arriving on December 11, 1944.
After a short stay at the Atlit detainee camp, he made his way to Jerusalem, where he studied at Hebron Yeshiva, receiving semicha from Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer. He also learned with Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Charlop, a student of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook. Around this time he joined the Haganah.
After learning at Hebron he moved to Pardes Hanna in order to learn at Kletzk Yeshiva. While learning at the yeshiva, he married Miriam, the daughter of the Rosh Yeshiva, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Meltzer, and the granddaughter of Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer. When the yeshiva relocated to Rehovot, Amital followed, settling in Rehovot until he moved to Jerusalem in the 1960s.
The day after the Declaration of Independence, Amital's unit was mobilized. He took part in battles of Latrun and the western Galilee. After the war, Amital became a rabbinic secretary in the Beth Din of Rehovot and, two years later, he became an instructor at Yeshivat HaDarom, where he helped formulate the idea of a Hesder Yeshiva.
In 1988, Amital founded the left-leaning religious Meimad movement, and was elected its chairman after it became a political party. In 1995, he served as a Minister without Portfolio in the government of Shimon Peres despite not being a Knesset member.
After the Six Day War, he founded Yeshivat Har Etzion, a Hesder Yeshiva in Gush Etzion. The yeshiva opened in Kfar Etzion in 1968 with 30 students. After two years the institution moved to its current location in Alon Shvut. In 1971 Amital asked Aharon Lichtenstein to join him as Rosh Yeshiva.
At the age of 80, Amital asked the management of Yeshivat Har Etzion to select his successors. The yeshiva chose Rabbis Yaaqov Medan and Baruch Gigi. On January 4, 2006, Medan and Gigi were officially invested as co-roshei yeshiva alongside Amital and Aharon Lichtenstein.
On September 25, 2008, Amital officially announced his retirement, to take effect on the last day of the Jewish month of Tishrei, in the year 5769 (October 28, 2008). He also announced that Mosheh Lichtenstein, the son Aharon Lichtenstein, would assume the position as the fourth Rosh Yeshiva on that same day.
Amital continued to be a prominent public figure in Israel, with a broad impact on matters of religious and national concern. His students and disciples are leading figures in many walks of life. He had developed an educational philosophy which combines deep faithfulness to tradition and ethical responsibility to society at large with commitment to the moral and spiritual flourishing of each individual.
- Jewish Values in a Changing World ISBN 0-88125-881-4
- Commitment and Complexity: Jewish Wisdom in an Age of Upheaval ISBN 1-60280-030-8
- A World Built, Destroyed and Rebuilt, Rabbi Yehudah Amital's Confrontation with the Memory of the Holocaust ISBN 0-88125-864-4
- By Faith Alone: The Story of Rabbi Yehuda Amital ISBN 1-59264-192-X
- This Day in Jewish History / A yeshiva head and settler who had a change of heart is born
- BeEmunato, p. 98
- BeEmunato, p. 100
- BeEmunato, pp. 102-107
- BeEmunato, pp. 108-112, 116-117
- BeEmunato p. 120
- Jonah Mandel; Daniel Clinton. "Rabbi Yehuda Amital dies at 85 in J'lem". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- BeEmunato, pp. 184-185
- BeEmunato, p. 224
- BeEmunato, pp. 262-263
- BeEmunato, p. 265
- Yehuda Amital on the Knesset website
- Alan Brill, "Worlds Destroyed, Worlds Rebuilt: The Religious Thought of R. Yehudah Amital"
- Series of shiurim by R. Yehuda Amital entitled Jewish Values in a Changing World, posted by The Israel Koschitzky Virtual Beit Midrash of Yeshivat Har Etzion
- Updated biography
- Updated bibliography
- Hespedim (eulogies) given for Rav Yehuda Amital zt"l
- לעבדך באמת, לדמותו ולדרכו של הרב יהודה עמיטל, עורכים: ראובן ציגלר וראובן גפני
- By Faith Alone, The Story of Rav Yehuda Amital, by Elyashiv Reichner
-  Yehudah Mirsky, The Audacity of Faith