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Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz
|President of the National Regeneration Movement|
|Assumed office |
12 December 2017
|Preceded by||Andrés Manuel López Obrador|
|Secretary General of the National Regeneration Movement|
|Assumed office |
20 November 2015
|Preceded by||Bertha Luján Uranga|
|Senator of the Congress of the Union |
for the State of Mexico
1 September 2006 – 31 August 2012
|Preceded by||Carlos Madrazo Limón|
|Succeeded by||Ana Lilia Herrera Anzaldo|
Citlali Ibáñez Camacho
25 January 1958
Mexico City, Mexico
|Political party||National Regeneration Movement (2014–present)|
|Democratic Revolution (?–2014)|
(m. 1970; div. 1995)
Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz (born 25 January 1958 in Mexico City as Citlali Ibáñez Camacho) is a Mexican businesswoman and politician. She is the President and General Secretary of the National Regeneration Movement.
Early life and name change
Daughter of Guillermina Camacho Amezcua and Colonel Cuitláhuac Ibáñez Treviño, she had a difficult childhood. First, the unstable Ibáñez-Camacho marriage ended in divorce when Yeidckol (then called Citlali) was still a very little girl, at a time when Mexican society viewed women separated from their husbands as immoral. Seeking protection from her ex-husband, Mrs. Camacho pretended to be a relative of Mexican President Manuel Ávila Camacho, an assertion that would later cause great problems for the family.
In 1970 the chaos of her family life reached its most extreme when Citlali, only 12 years old, became pregnant in very controversial circumstances for the time. She had to leave school. Wanting to protect her family from further social derision, her mother changed all of her children's names and adopted Yeidckol's newborn son as her own.
In a press conference on 2 March 2005, Polevnsky explained that her original name is Citlali Ibáñez Camacho, but that due to family conflicts, her mother decided to change it to "Yeidckol", which in Hebrew means "the call of God." Polevnsky stated in another interview that her name was Polish.
She studied psychology at the Universidad Anáhuac in Mexico City. She has served various positions inside the Cámara Nacional de la Industria de la Transformación (CANACINTRA) (es), including a period in 2002 as first woman president.
In 2005 she was nominated by the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) as the candidate for governor for the 2005 State of Mexico election. She lost to PRI's Enrique Peña Nieto, who would later on become President of Mexico in 2012.
Following the loss during the 2015 elections, on 20 November 2015, she was elected as General Secretary of MORENA. On 12 December 2017 she became President of MORENA once Andrés Manuel López Obrador left the post to become the party's candidate for the coalition "Juntos Haremos Historia."
Controversy over conflict of interest
In November 2010, according to the Mexico City's El Universal newspaper, she was embroiled in a scandal after a controversial vote in the upper chamber which favored tobacco companies, since her daughter works for one of the largest. In the incident, Senator Polevnsky voted against the legislative reform to increase cigarette prices, and therefore in favor of tobacco companies. It was later revealed that her daughter—Shirley Camacho Almaguer—worked as manager of External Communications Mexico for British American Tobacco (BAT), a Mexican-British company responsible for the Mexican operations of the Kent, Camel, Dunhill Viceroy, Lucky Strike, Raleigh, Alas and Montana brands. She denied any wrongdoing, allegedly responding that her vote had nothing to do with her daughter's job. On the contrary, she said that having been leader of the Mexican National Chamber of Industry, she could understand the uncertainty experienced by industry. Polevnsky insisted on denying any conflict of interest. "Her work does not influence my work," referring to both her job and her daughter's.
- Silvia Chávez González (31 May 2014). "Yeidckol Polevnsky será candidata a alcaldesa de Naucalpan: AMLO". La Jornada. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "Eligen a Yeidckol Polevnsky Secretaria General de MORENA a nivel nacional". Lector24. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- "Yeidckol Polevnsky asume presidencia de Morena, tras salida de AMLO". AM De Queretaro. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
- RODRÍGUEZ GARCÍA, ARTURO. "Yeidckol Polevnsky asume presidencia nacional de Morena". Proceso. Retrieved 22 June 2018.