Ekaterinoslav Bolshevik Uprising
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|Battle for Katerynoslav|
|Part of Soviet – Ukrainian War|
|Central Council||Yekaterinoslav Revkom|
|Commanders and leaders|
Dmytro Abrynba †
|134th Feodosiya Regiment
Free Cossacks Kurin
Volunteer Haidamaka Kurin
|Bryanka factory Red Guards
Orlyk Serdiuk Regiment
1st Moscow Revolutionary
|Casualties and losses|
The 1918 Ekaterinoslav Uprising (Ukrainian: Катеринославське збройне повстання) was a Bolshevik-led uprising in Ekaterinoslav (modern Dnipropetrovsk) on January 9-11, 1918 that later was supported by the Yegorov's Red Guards of Soviet expeditionary group and grew into open intervention in the Ukrainian internal affairs and war against the Central Council of Ukraine.
Run of events
Of great importance in the successful preparation and conduct of the uprising was the bolshevization of the Ekaterinoslav Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies (November 1917) as well as the creation of a military revolutionary headquarters headed by Vasiliy Averin. The Bolsheviks managed to form a company of 3,000 Red Guards, conducted revolutionary agitation among the city garrison soldiers, and developed and approved uprising plans with the headquarters of the invading Russian Red Forces. By that time Kharkiv was taken over on December 25, 1917 by Russian troops of Khovrin and Sivers who arrived to Kharkiv at night on December 22. Soon after the First All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets in Kharkiv on December 25, the Russian expeditionary group split with Antonov continued on to Don, while his chief of staff Muravyov took charge with military operations in Ukraine.
On January 1, 1918 the Yegorov's troops took Pavlohrad and on January 5 they occupied Synelnykove and Novomoskovsk stopping just outside the city limits of Katerynoslav. The same day the chairman of General Secretary of the Ukrainian People's Republic Volodymyr Vynnychenko dismissed Symon Petliura from position of Military Secretary. On January 7, 1918 the city's garrison brought from Oleksandrivsk (Zaporizhia) an armored car. At night local Red Guards stole the car stationing it at the Brayanka factory yard and the next day city administration requested the vehicle to be returned before 14:00. The request was completely ignored. On January 8, 1918 the Ukrainian forces shelled the Bryansk Factory (the center of the uprising) and workers’ settlements. The city’s Red Guards and garrison soldiers routed Ukrainian forces in the Kaidaky and Amur-Nyzhnodniprovsky city districts and captured the railway station, the telegraph, and other government institutions. The insurgents were supported by the Moscow and Petrograd Red Guard forces of P. Yegorov, who arrived from Synelnykove.
On January 11, 1918 the city post office, which was the last resort of the counterrevolution, was taken by storm. On the same day the Soviet regime was established in the city.
- Battle in Katerynoslav, 1917
- Tynchenko, Ya. Conflict between the Central Council and the Soviet People's Commissariat. First Ukrainian-Bolshevik War (December 1917 - March 1918). Kiev: "Krypiakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies", 1996.
- Katerynoslav Armed Uprising 1917. Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia.
- City of Katerynoslav in 1917-20. Dnipropetrovsk city portal
- Battle in Katerynoslav, 1917.
- Dnipropetrovsk Oblast as part of the Ukrainian SSR. The History of Cities and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR (electronic version). Kiev: Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969