The Yelamu lived on the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula in the region comprising the City and County of San Francisco before the arrival of Spanish missionaries in 1769. The first four Yelamu people who converted to Christianity were baptized by Father Palou and Father Santa Maria between 1777 and 1779. They were absorbed into the Mission San Francisco de Asís that was founded in 1776 by the Spaniards, and became some of the first "Mission Indians".
Within two generations of European contact, the effects of colonization and missionization, including disease and loss of their traditional economic model, drove the Yelamu people to extinction.
The Yelamu had five villages, some of which were recorded by the Spanish Missionaries circa 1769:
- Amuctac - near present day Visitacion Valley
- Chutchui - near the site of the present day Mission Dolores in San Francisco
- Petlenuc - near the Presidio of San Francisco
- Sitlintac - in the valley of Mission Creek in San Francisco
- Tubsinta - near present day Visitacion Valley
- "Informational Background Of The Yelamu Ohlone Tribal Group Of San Francisco." Islais Creek. (retrieved 10 April 2011)
- The Sentencing Project; Linenthal, Peter; Abigail Johnston (2005). San Francisco's Potrero Hill (Images of America) (Images of America). Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 0-7385-2937-0.
- Brown, Alan K. Indians of San Mateo County, La Peninsula:Journal of the San Mateo County Historical Association, Vol. XVII No. 4, Winter 1973-1974.
- Brown, Alan K. Place Names of San Mateo County, published San Mateo County Historical Association, 1975.
- Milliken, Randall. A Time of Little Choice: The Disintegration of Tribal Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area 1769-1910 Menlo Park, CA: Ballena Press Publication, 1995. ISBN 0-87919-132-5 (alk. paper)
- Teixeira, Lauren. The Costanoan/Ohlone Indians of the San Francisco and Monterey Bay Area, A Research Guide. Menlo Park, CA: Ballena Press Publication, 1997. ISBN 0-87919-141-4.
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