|Deputy of the State Duma of Russian Federation|
|Assumed office |
5 October 2016
|Born||22 April 1976|
Vozdvizhenka, Primorsky Krai, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
She was selected as a cosmonaut in 2006 and was assigned in 2011 to Expedition 41, which launched in September 2014 and returned to Earth in March 2015. Serova became the first Russian woman to visit the International Space Station (ISS) on 26 September 2014.
Serova is married to cosmonaut Mark Serov, selected in RKKE-13 in 2003, but retired before flying any missions. They have a daughter. Serova was one of five cosmonauts selected to raise the Russian flag at the 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony in Sochi.
Serova was born in Vozdvizhenka, a village which is part of the city of Ussuriysk in the Far East in Russia. She stayed in Vozdvizhenka until 1988. Serova went to Germany since her father who was with the military received a transfer. Afterwards, she came to Moscow. She met her future husband Mark at the Moscow Aviation Institute.
In March 2001, Serova graduated from the Aerospace Faculty of the Moscow Aviation Institute qualified as an engineer. In 2003 she graduated from the Moscow State Academy of Instrument Engineering and Information qualified as an economist.
Prior to enrollment as a cosmonaut, Serova has worked as an engineer of the 2nd category RSC Energia, and in the Mission Control Center.
In late 2011, Russian Space Agency Chief Vladimir Popovkin announced that Serova would fly to the International Space Station, expected to spend up to six months in space performing biophysics and medical experiments. On 25 September 2014, she traveled aboard Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft to serve as a flight engineer for Expedition 41/42.
Serova is the fourth female cosmonaut to travel to space. The three previous female cosmonauts were Valentina Tereshkova (1963), Svetlana Savitskaya (1982 and 1984), and Yelena Kondakova (1994 and 1997). They represented the former Soviet Union and Russia.
The Soyuz FG rocket carrying TMA-14M commander Aleksandr Samokutyayev, Yelena Serova and NASA astronaut Barry Wilmore blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome's Site 1/5 at 20:25 UTC. Nine minutes after launch, the Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft separated from the third stage of the FG rocket to reach orbit. Soon after, the spacecraft deployed its KURS navigation antennas, however, only one of the two power-generating solar arrays successfully unfolded. Despite the trouble encountered, TMA-14M linked up with the Space Station four orbits and six hours later at 1:12 UTC on 26 September. When leak checks were complete, the hatch on the Poisk module was opened at 5:06 UTC and Serova with Samokutyayev and Wilmore entered the Space Station. On 11 March 2015, the crew successfully returned to Earth after 167 days in space.
- "Yelena Olegovna Serova". www.spacefacts.de. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "Mark Serov". www.spacefacts.de. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- "Russian woman cosmonaut may journey to space station". RIA Novosti. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- "The XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014 has opened with a grand show". www.Sochi2014.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- NASA (1 August 2014). "Preflight Interview: Elena Serova". NASA. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "Cosmonaut Bio: Elena Olegovna Serova". jsc.nasa.gov. January 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
- Gibson, Karen Bush (2014). Women in Space: 23 Stories of First Flights, Scientific Missions, and Gravity-Breaking Adventures. Chicago Review Press. pp. 66–71. ISBN 978-1-61374-844-2.
- "Expedition 41". NASA. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- "Expedition 42". NASA. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- "First Russian woman in International Space Station mission". BBC News. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- Gonzales, Daria (11 March 2012). "First Woman in Space". Russia: Beyond The Headlines. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
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