Yellow-bellied poison frog

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Yellow-bellied poison frog
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Genus: Andinobates
Species: A. fulguritus
Binomial name
Andinobates fulguritus
(Silverstone (fr), 1975)[2]
Synonyms

Dendrobates fulguritus Silverstone, 1975[3]
Minyobates fulguritus (Silverstone, 1975)
Ranitomeya fulgurita (Silverstone, 1975)

The yellow-bellied poison frog, yellow-bellied poison-arrow frog, or yellowbelly poison frog (Andinobates fulguritus) is a species of frog in the family Dendrobatidae. It is found in northwestern Colombia (Chocó Department and the westernmost Antioquia and Risaralda) and east-central Panama.[2][4]

Description[edit]

Males measure 13.5–15 mm (0.53–0.59 in) and females 14–16.5 mm (0.55–0.65 in) in snout–vent length. The dorsum is black with gold, yellow, or yellow-green dorso-lateral and lateral stripes (only the former are complete). On the anterior part of the dorsum there is an incomplete median stripe. The venter is gold or yellow and has black marbling or spots. The skin is slightly granular on the dorsum and moderately granular on the venter. The tympanum is round and has its postero-dorsal part concealed. The iris is black. Both fingers and toes lack fringes and webbing.[3]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests.[1] In Columbia its altitudinal range is 160–900 m (520–2,950 ft) above sea level;[4] in Panama it might reach higher.[1] It is a locally common, terrestrial frog. The eggs are deposited in leaf-litter; both parents carry the tadpoles to leaf axils, usually bromeliads, where they complete their development.[1]

It is threatened by habitat loss (deforestation) and pollution. This species seems not to be collected for pet trade.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Solís, F.; Ibáñez, R.; Jaramillo, C.; Fuenmayor, Q.; Jungfer, K.-H.; Bolívar, W. (2004). "Andinobates fulguritus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T55184A11253355. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Andinobates fulguritus (Silverstone, 1975)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Silverstone, P. A. (1975). "A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler" (PDF). Science Bulletin. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. 21: 1–55. 
  4. ^ a b Acosta-Galvis, A.R. (2016). "Andinobates fulguritus (Silverstone, 1975)". Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia V.05.2015.0. www.batrachia.com. Retrieved 11 September 2016.