Yellow-browed bunting

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Yellow-browed bunting
Yellow-browed bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys) Eocheong Island Korea 2012.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Genus: Emberiza
Species: E. chrysophrys
Binomial name
Emberiza chrysophrys
Pallas, 1776
Emberiza chrysophrys MHNT

The yellow-browed bunting (Emberiza chrysophrys) is a passerine bird in the bunting family (Emberizidae), a group now separated by most modern taxonomists from the finches (Fringillidae). The genus name Emberiza is from Old German Embritz, a bunting. The specific chrysophrys is from Ancient Greek khrusophrus, "golden-browed".[2]

It breeds in eastern Siberia and is migratory, wintering in central and southern China. It is a very rare wanderer to western Europe.

The yellow-browed bunting breeds in the taiga zone, and lays four eggs in an arboreal nest. In the wild, the adults' diet consists of seeds, but they feed insects to nestlings.

This bird is smaller than a reed bunting, but is relatively large-headed. The upper parts are brown and heavily streaked, and the underparts are white with an orange hue on the flanks and some fine dark streaks. Their stout beaks are pink.

The breeding male has a black head with white crown and moustachial stripes and throat. There is a bright yellow eyebrow stripe. Females and young birds have a weaker head pattern, with brown instead of black, and can be confused with little buntings; however, there is always some yellow in the eyebrow, as well as at least a hint of a white stripe on the crown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Emberiza chrysophrys". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. pp. 105, 145. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.