Yellow-spotted tropical night lizard

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Yellow-spotted night lizard
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Xantusiidae
Genus: Lepidophyma
Species: L. flavimaculatum
Binomial name
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum
A. Duméril, 1851

The yellow-spotted tropical night lizard[2] or yellow-spotted night lizard (Lepidophyma flavimaculatum) is a species of night lizard.[1][3] It is distributed from central Mexico through the Central America south to Panama. It includes four subspecies:[3]

  • Lepidophyma flavimaculatum flavimaculatum
  • Lepidophyma flavimaculatum ophiophthalmum
  • Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tehuanae
  • Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tenebrarum


It reproduces parthenogenetically,[1] although some populations also contain males.[3] and gives birth to fully developed young.[1]

Habitat and ecology[edit]

It is a secretive, terrestrial and nocturnal lizard of tropical wet and moist forests. Mostly found on the ground, it is occasionally found on tree trunks or beneath bark on standing trees. It feeds on small invertebrates.[1]

In popular culture[edit]

The yellow-spotted night lizard is featured as a venomous lizard, whose bite is "The worst thing that can happen to you," in the children's fiction book Holes.[4] The depiction in the book is not accurate to the real animal, which is neither aggressive nor venomous.


  1. ^ a b c d e Sunyer, J., Chaves, G., Porras, L.W., Lamar, W. & Solórzano, A. (2013). "Lepidophyma flavimaculatum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013: e.T197495A2490538. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-2.RLTS.T197495A2490538.en. 
  2. ^ "SPECIES Lepidophyma flavimaculatum". UniProt. Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Lepidophyma flavimaculatum at the Reptile Database. Accessed 17 October 2015.
  4. ^ Sachar, Louis (1998). Holes. United States: Random House, Inc. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-440-41480-3.