Yellow-throated vireo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Yellow-throated vireo
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Vireonidae
Genus: Vireo
V. flavifrons
Binomial name
Vireo flavifrons
(Vieillot, 1808)
Vireo flavifrons-Map.png

The yellow-throated vireo (Vireo flavifrons) is a small American songbird."Vireo" is a Latin word referring to a green migratory bird, perhaps the female golden oriole, possibly the European greenfinch. The specific flavifrons is from the Latin words flavus, "yellow", and frons, "forehead".[2][3]

Yellow-throated vireo Galveston, Texas

Adults are mainly olive on the head and upperparts with a yellow throat and white belly; they have dark eyes with yellow "spectacles". The tail and wings are dark with white wing bars. They have thick blue-grey legs and a stout bill.

Their breeding habitat is open deciduous woods in southern Canada and the eastern United States.

These birds migrate to the deep southern United States, Mexico, and Central America. They are very rare vagrants to western Europe; there is a September 1990 record from Kenidjack Valley in Cornwall, Great Britain, and September 1998 record from Heligoland, a small German archipelago in the German Bight.[4]

They forage for insects high in trees. They also eat berries, especially before migration and in winter when they are occasionally seen feeding on gumbo-limbo (Bursera simaruba) fruit.[5] They make a thick cup nest attached to a fork in a tree branch.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Vireo flavifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 161, 402. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ "Vireo". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Harris, Tim (2013). RSPB Migration Hotspots: The World's Best Bird Migration Sites. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-1-4081-7117-2.
  5. ^ Foster, Mercedes S. (2007) The potential of fruiting trees to enhance converted habitats for migrating birds in southern Mexico. Bird Conservation International 17(1): 45-61. doi:10.1017/S0959270906000554 PDF fulltext

External links[edit]