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Barbarea vulgaris
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Barbarea
W. T. Aiton

Barbarea (winter cress or yellow rocket) is a genus of about 22 species of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the highest species diversity in southern Europe and southwest Asia. They are small, herbaceous, biennial or perennial plants with dark green, deeply lobed leaves and yellow flowers with four petals.

Selected species




They grow into rosettes of edible cress foliage that resemble dandelion leaves. Barbarea verna, known as upland cress, early winter cress, American cress, Belle Isle cress and scurvy grass, is used to add a spicy taste to salads and mixed leaf greens for cooking.[1][additional citation(s) needed]

Chemical compounds


Winter cress contains different glucosinolates, flavonoids, and saponins.[2][3][4]

See also



  1. ^ Angier, Bradford (1974). Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books. p. 250. ISBN 0-8117-0616-8. OCLC 799792.
  2. ^ Vera Kuzina; Jens Kvist Nielsen; Jörg Manfred Augustin; Anna Maria Torp; Søren Bak; Sven Bode Andersen (2011). "Barbarea vulgaris linkage map and quantitative trait loci for saponins, glucosinolates, hairiness and resistance to the herbivore Phyllotreta nemorum". Phytochemistry. 72 (2–3): 188–198. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.11.007. PMID 21130479.
  3. ^ Lea Dalby-Brown; Carl Erik Olsen; Jens Kvist Nielsen; Niels Agerbirk (2011). "Polymorphism for novel tetraglycosylated flavonols in an eco-model crucifer, Barbarea vulgaris". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59 (13): 6947–6956. doi:10.1021/jf200412c. PMID 21615154.
  4. ^ Niels Agerbirk & Carl Erik Olsen (2011). "Isoferuloyl derivatives of five seed glucosinolates in the crucifer genus Barbarea". Phytochemistry. 72 (7): 610–623. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.01.034. PMID 21354584.