Real estate developer Tim Blixseth purchased approximately 100,000 acres (400 sq km) of timberland, partly in purchases from Plum Creek Timber and engaged in swaps of land with the U.S. Forest Service and the Federal Government ("Gallatin Land Exchanges"). This land swap process was enabled by two specialized acts of Congress in the 1990s. Blixseth ultimately ended up with a large amount of developable land adjacent to the Big Sky Resort in Montana. The Yellowstone Club private ski and golf community was developed by Blixseth and used as collateral for a $375 million syndicated loan where the proceeds were used for other purposes, including an effort to build an exclusive luxury vacation club based on acquiring resort properties around the world. This venture failed, Mr. Blixseth and his wife divorced and the Yellowstone Club entered bankruptcy in November 2008.
During its peak season, almost 650 people are employed at the club.
Cyclist Greg LeMond, an early investor and homeowner/member, sued the club in 2006, saying club founder Tim Blixseth and his former wife Edra Denise (Crocker) Blixseth had borrowed $375 million from Credit Suisse Group and took $209 million for themselves as a dividend, jilting him and other investors. The suit was settled in 2008 for $39.5 million. Ms. Blixseth eventually agreed to pay Mr. LeMond and others a $21.5 million settlement; she paid only $8 million of that amount and Mr. LeMond and others joined the group of her creditors in her personal bankruptcy.
Other members identified in, or cited in, the Times report were Burt Sugarman, a Beverly Hills businessman, and his wife, the Entertainment Tonight host Mary Hart; Steve Burke, the chief operating officer of Comcast; Bill Frist, the former Senate majority leader; Todd Thomson, the former head of Citigroup’s private banking unit; Robert Greenhill, founder of the investment bank Greenhill & Company; Annika Sörenstam, the Swedish golf star; Frank McCourt, the former owner of the Los Angeles Dodgers; Jim Davidson, a founder of Silver Lake Partners, a private equity firm in Menlo Park (CA); Brian Klein, a former Goldman Sachs vice president who now runs an investment management firm in Seattle; Peter Chernin of the News Corporation; Barry Sternlicht, hotelier and CEO of Starwood Capital Group; and Gary Riesche], a venture capitalist with Qiming Venture Partners. Jack Kemp, the late U.S. politician, was on the club’s honorary board of directors with Mr. Quayle, among others.
The Yellowstone Club is one of several developments that has been the subject of litigation between investors and Credit Suisse. The investors have accused Credit Suisse of fraudulently inflating the value of the developments in order to generate higher fees for itself. The core of the allegations centered on a new appraisal methodology conceived of by Credit Suisse executive David Miller, who in internal emails is referred to as Credit Suisse’s Dr. Frankenstein. The Swiss bank has repeatedly denied the allegations.
2008-2009 bankruptcy protection
On November 10, 2008, in the midst of the Great Recession, the Yellowstone Club filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. It emerged from protection under new ownership on July 19, 2009. When filing, the Club's prior owners owed US$343 million to creditors, such as banks and local contractors.
In June 2009 Edra Blixseth spoke to a reporter for The New York Times about her and her ex-husband's business affairs from Porcupine Creek, her 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) estate in Rancho Mirage, CA. She said she had hoped to retain the Club and her various estates and make Porcupine Creek income-producing with its 240-acre (0.97 km2) private golf course. However, Porcupine Creek was sold to Larry Ellison in 2011 for $42.9 million by creditors who also sold the Blixseth's Chateau de Farcheville in France and other assets.
In June 2009, as part of the bankruptcy resolution, the Yellowstone Club was sold for $115 million to a private equity firm, CrossHarbor Capital Partners, a firm led by a Yellowstone Club member, Sam Byrne. Prior to the bankruptcy and disclosure of the Credit Suisse-Blixseth loan details, negotiations with that same buyer had put a $400 million price tag on the club. In the 2009 bankruptcy transaction, Byrne also "invested $75 million above the purchase price in repairs and set aside an additional $15 million to pay the club’s creditors," according to the Times. The deal was brokered by Jeff Woolson, Managing Director of the CBRE Golf & Resort Properties Group, and Steve Lehr, Managing Director of CBRE's Land Services Group. CB Richard Ellis was selected by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court to market the property because of the firm's successful track record handling complicated transactions.
In November 2010 some parts of the bankruptcy reorganization were appealed by former owner Tim Blixseth, particularly those concerning the settlement with Credit Suisse and aspects of the bankruptcy allowing creditors to pursue Blixseth for "hundreds of millions" they claim he siphoned from the Club for his personal use. In 2012 Blixseth's appeals were dismissed by the U.S. Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit.
Post bankruptcy history
According to press reports, as of late 2014 the Yellowstone Club has no remaining debt from the bankruptcy, has positive cash flow and has doubled its membership to more than 500 households. In late 2013 CrossHarbor partnered with Boyne Resorts, the owners of neighboring Big Sky Resort, and paid $26 million to acquire a nearby real estate project, Spanish Peaks, a 5,700 acre development in bankruptcy. Shortly thereafter CrossHarbor and Big Sky Resort jointly acquired the bankrupt Moonlight Basin ski club and began consolidation of the newly acquired ski terrain with that of Big Sky Resort. Hart Howerton is working with CrossHarbor on the master planning of their entire 25,000 acre landholding, as well as architectural design of the Yellowstone Club Village Core and Spanish Peaks Lodge.
Location and ski mountain
Most of the ski runs are on Pioneer Mountain (Coordinates: ). Pioneer Mountain has a summit elevation of 9,859 feet (3,005 m).
The Yellowstone Club resort has several lifts and ski runs that tie it directly into Big Sky Resort's lift system. The Big Sky ski area and the Yellowstone Club share a five-mile border. The ski resorts are surrounded by 250,000 acres of the Gallatin National Forest.
Snowfall averages approximately 300 inches a year and is very consistent from year to year and week to week. Although it is one of the few western ski resorts located east of the continental divide, the area receives consistent light snows. The club's tagline is "Private Powder" and this is made possible by frequent snows and low skier traffic.
The ski terrain is extensive and varied and compares favorably with other well known ski resorts. Pioneer Ridge has numerous "double black" expert runs and challenging chutes. The west side of Pioneer Mountain is a vast forest for tree skiing. Lower Pioneer Mountain and Andesite Mountain are dotted with high speed chairlifts and mainly intermediate ski runs. The mountain has 2200 acres for skiing.
The club also features cross country skiing, ice skating and numerous indoor activities. Many additional recreational opportunities are available in summer including golf, climbing, mountain biking, kayaking, and fly fishing.
- Jennifer Garner
- Bill Gates
- Eric Schmidt
- Peter Chernin
- Steve Burke
- Dan Quayle
- Bill Frist
- Ben Affleck
- Justin Timberlake and Jessica Biel
- Tom Brady and Gisele Bündchen
- Phil Mickelson
- Greg LeMond
- Hank Kashiwa
- Tom Weiskopf
- Gallatin Land Exchanges
- "Here's how Blixseth did it" By Scott McMillion, Bozeman Daily Chronicle, Jun 12, 2013
- "Paradise Lost" by William D. Cohan, Fortune Magazine, Feb 5, 2008; Laws: (i) S.489 - Gallatin Range Consolidation and Protection Act of 1993 and (ii) Gallatin Land Consolidation Act of 1998
- "Huge Ski Resort for the Rich is Bouncing Back' print: "Apres-Bankruptcy" by Sarah Max, New York Times, January 1, 2015, pg B1
- Bozeman Daily Chronicle: Trickle-down economics
- Los Angeles Times/Bloomberg News: Cash stops flowing at Yellowstone
- "Checkmate at the Yellowstone Club" by Amy Wallace, The New York Times, June 13, 2009 (p. BU1 6/14/09 NY ed.). Retrieved 6/14/09.
- Checkler, Joseph; Fitzgerald, Patrick (3 December 2014). "Emails About Loans Plague Credit Suisse". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
- Celarier, Michelle (3 December 2014). "Hedge fund giant claims Suisse's appraisals full of holes". New York Post. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
- "Yellowstone Ski Resort for Super Rich Files Bankruptcy". Fox News. 2008-11-12. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
- Twisted saga involving former billionaire Tim Blixseth takes another turn, Forbes, April 7, 2011.
- Yellowstone Club Bankruptcy Reorganization Overturned Bloomberg Businessweek, November 3, 2010
- Judge pins Yellowstone Club collapse on founder Tim Blixseth, Oregonian, August 17, 2012.
- Timothy Blixseth v. Stephen Brown, et al, Case: 12-35193, United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit, Dismissed, August 7, 2012.
-  Big Sky Resort release
- "What nanny? Ben Affleck and Jennifer Garner hit the slopes". Page Six. 2016-02-17. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "C-Suite Insider: A Day in Life Of Google's Eric Schmidt". ABC News. 2014-09-23. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- Kane, Colleen (2012-11-14). "Yellowstone Club: Steep Slopes, Steeper Entry Requirements". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "Inside the swanky private club where Bill Gates, Eric Schmidt, and Justin Timberlake go to ski". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "25 Outrageously Expensive Social Clubs in AmericaThe Yellowstone Club". Complex. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "Where is Tom Brady vacationing after his fifth Super Bowl win? 'Somewhere in Montana'". Boston.com. 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "Rocky Mountain Redemption: Yellowstone Club - Colorado AvidGolfer". Colorado AvidGolfer. 2016-02-22. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- "Economy Crashes the Gates at a Club for the Rich" New York Times, Nov. 29, 2008
- Yellowstone Club Financing Settled (For Now) Dec. 12, 2008, New West Development website
- Trustee Says Blixseth 'Doomed' Yellowstone Club Wall Street Journal - Bankruptcy Beat, Feb. 24, 2010,
- Developer seeks judge's ouster in Yellowstone Club bankruptcy case Nov. 22, 2010, Billings Gazette