Yemeni presidential election, 2012

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Yemeni presidential election, 2012
Yemen
2006 ←
21 February 2012 → Next

Turnout 64.78%
  Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi 2013.jpg
Nominee Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
Party GPC
Popular vote 6,621,921
Percentage 100%

President before election

Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
(Acting)
GPC

Elected President

Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
GPC

Emblem of Yemen.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Yemen
Judiciary
Foreign relations

Presidential elections were held in Yemen on 21 February 2012. Acting President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi was the only candidate, and was subsequently sworn in to office on 25 February 2012.

Background[edit]

During the Yemeni revolution, the Gulf Cooperation Council proposed an agreement whereby President Ali Abdullah Saleh would transfer his powers to Vice President Hadi. Saleh signed an agreement in Riyadh on 23 November 2011 under which he was to remain in office as a figurehead for up to three months, after which elections would be held.[1] On 26 November, Hadi announced 21 February 2016 as the date for the elections.[2]

Campaign[edit]

According to Prime Minister Mohammed Basindawa, the main opposition Joint Meeting Parties coalition and the ruling General People's Congress jointly nominated Hadi as their consensus candidate.[3]

The Houthis in northern Yemen called for a boycott of the vote, but said they would not stop those who wished to vote from doing so. In the same vein, the southern secessionists also called for a boycott. Yemeni police said they had arrested "hardliners" from the movement who they alleged sought to forcefully prevent people from voting.[4]

Conduct[edit]

Despite the ongoing uprising and reactions that continued to cause violence, other poll related violence included at least two attacks near polling stations prior to the vote. One of the attacks occurred the day before the election in Aden, a stronghold of the Southern Movement seeking to secede and restore an independent South Yemen, that result in the death of one soldier. The Yemeni government warned that there was "certain" to be violent attempts to disrupt the vote.[citation needed] On election day, at least one security service personnel was killed in the southern al-Mansoura district. Further violence was reported in the south. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was also accused of attacking election committees.

Results[edit]

According to Yemeni law, the final result was expected within ten days. Voter turnout was reported to be 65%.[5]

Candidate Party Votes %
Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi General People's Congress 6,621,921 100
Invalid/blank votes 13,271
Total 6,635,192 100
Registered voters/turnout 10,243,364 64.78
Source: IFES

Reactions[edit]

International[edit]

 China – At a regular press briefing Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said "We hope relevant parties make joint efforts to ensure a peaceful and orderly political transitional process, to restore normal social order at an early date and realize national stability and development".[6]

 Cuba – President of the Council of State and Council of Ministers of Cuba Raul Castro sent the elected president a congratulatory cable.[7]

 France – A Foreign Ministry statement said that France welcomed the holding of the presidential election, commended the Yemeni people for their mobilization and the conduct of the election, which for the most part was peaceful. It also addressed its congratulations to, and expressed its support for and trust in Hadi, however it recognized that serious acts of intimidation resulting in the loss of life were committed in certain southern governorates, notably in the city of Aden, in an attempt to jeopardize the success of the elections, strongly condemning these acts.[8]

 RussiaPresident of Russia Dmitry Medvedev sent a congratulatory telegram to Hadi, saying "We note with satisfaction that the Republic of Yemen is moving along the path of restoring stability and security and implementing a wide range of social and economic and democratic transformations based on a broad national dialog and in line with the aspirations of all of the country's citizens".[9] Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said "We hail the efforts of the Yemeni authorities who provided voting in the earlier stated date, as well as the active participation of the people (in the election process)".[10]

 Spain – The Spanish government welcomed the elections, considering it a major step towards the democratic transition and the start of a new phase in Yemen's history. The Spanish Foreign Ministry renewed in a statement its full support for democratic transition process in Yemen and confirmed its intention to continue to work with the Yemeni government and the various spectra of Yemeni society to face the future challenges in various fields.[11]

 Turkey – A Foreign Ministry statement welcomed the elections as a significant step and hoped the results of the elections would be beneficial for the Yemeni people. The statement added that "Turkey now expects a national dialogue conference to take place with participation of all seagments in Yemen".[12]

 United Kingdom – Foreign Minister William Hague welcomed the successful Yemeni election saying "Yemeni people made clear there is no place for violence in Yemen's democratic future".[13]

 United StatesPresident Barack Obama told Hadi that the United States would be a steadfast partner and urged him to follow through on promises for a broad national dialogue, political reforms and elections by 2014.[14]

 United Nations – UN envoy Jamal Bin Omar, while visiting some of the polling stations in Sana'a said "The February 21st, is a historic day, and it protected Yemen from a civil war".[15]

Aftermath[edit]

Hadi took oath of office in the House of Representatives on 25 February.[16] On the same day a suicide bomber detonated his vehicle outside a presidential palace in Mukalla, the capital of Hadhramaut Governorate, killing at 26 members of the Republican Guard.[17] Saleh formally ceded power to Hadi and stepped down on 27 February 2012.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yemeni President Saleh signs deal on ceding power". BBC News. BBC. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Yemen's vice-president calls snap elections". Al Jazeera English. Al Jazeera. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Yemen: Presidential Election Won’t Be Much of a Contest, Says PM GNDEM, 27 November 2011
  4. ^ Houthis call for boycotting early Yemeni presidential elections Yemen Post, 11 February 2012
  5. ^ "February 2012". Rulers.org. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  6. ^ China welcomes presidential election in Yemen People's Daily Online, 23 February 2012
  7. ^ President Hadi receives congratulations SABA News agency, 10 March 2012
  8. ^ Presidential election in Yemen Government of France, 21 February 2012
  9. ^ Medvedev Hails Progress in Yemen Transition to Stability RIA Novosti, 26 February 2012
  10. ^ Moscow Lauds Presidential Elections in Yemen RIA Novosti, 22 February 2012
  11. ^ Spain: Yemen's election is key step towards democratic transition SABA News Agency, 23 February 2012
  12. ^ "Turkey hopes election results will be beneficial to Yemen", Andolu Agency Archived October 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "Foreign Secretary welcomes successful Yemeni election", UK in Germany website, February 22 2012.
  14. ^ Obama welcomes new Yemen leader, pushes for reform, election Times of India, 26 February 2012
  15. ^ Yemen new president elected, what next? Nasser Arrabyee blog, 21 February 2012
  16. ^ Kasinof, Laura (25 February 2012). "Yemen's New President Sworn Into Office". New York Times. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  17. ^ Al-Qaeda claims deadly attack on a Yemen presidential palace Al Arabiya, 29 February 2016
  18. ^ Yemen’s Saleh formally steps down after 33 years at helm, hands over power to Hadi Al Arabiya, 27 February 2012